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ₒ [PDF]-Free Download The Longevity Project: Surprising Discoveries for Health and Long Life from the Landmark Eight-Decade S tudy ₤ Book By Howard S Friedman Ph.D. ⃒

ₒ [PDF]-Free Download The Longevity Project: Surprising Discoveries for Health and Long Life from the Landmark Eight-Decade S tudy ₤ Book By Howard S Friedman Ph.D. ⃒ ₒ [PDF]-Free Download The Longevity Project: Surprising Discoveries for Health and Long Life from the Landmark Eight-Decade S tudy ₤ Book By Howard S Friedman Ph.D. ⃒ Conscientious Adults Then and Now If our unexpected discovery about childhood conscientiousness and its relevance to long life is not a fluke, then we should also be able to find confirming evidence by studying conscientious adults Almost two decades after starting, in the summer of 1940, Dr Terman approached Patricia and the other members of his select study again He gave them an extensive new series of tests and measures with such questions as Are you thrifty and careful about making loans and How persistent are you in the accomplishment of your ends From these results we worked for months to construct and validate a new series of personality scales At times, we also incorporated similar questions that Terman asked the participants in 1950 Studies of health across the life span face an intriguing dilemma In order to see whether personality in childhood and young adulthood predicts long life, a result that cant be seen until decades later, we necessarily need to use old data In our case, information from the early and mid twentieth century is being used to predict longevity into the twenty first century But years later, new, improved measures are in vogue, and the dusty old measures and techniques are likely subject to criticism As Dale Carnegie put it, Any fool can criticize, condemn and complain, and most fools do Short of time travel, how can we be sure that the measures we have from the 1920s, 1940s, and 1950s reflect what we understand about personality today What at first seemed simple gradually became and complex We decided to administer the Terman questionnaire items to a contemporary sample of people More than a half century after Dr Terman measured the personality of Patricia at thirty years old, we recruited a new group of young adults in California and asked them the exact same questions We also recruited a sample of parents to rate their young children on Termans scales, just as parents of the Terman participants had done in the 1920s We then gave these new participants some modern, well validated personality tests Through a series of statistical analyses, we were able to check the old data against new data, thereby creating valid, modern personality measures for Patricia and her associates It was almost as if we had gone back decades and measured Jess Oppenheimers personality by finding a modern day doppelganger We did this in the technical, statistical way, and then, just to be sure, we examined all the scale items in a rational, commonsense manner Fortunately, all of the data analyses fit together quite well.7 Dr Termans approach to personality holds up nicely and can help us predict our own futures Doing the right statistical analyses in such attempts to predict long life is much difficult than might be imagined Long term longitudinal studies are especially challenging because participants come and go, rejoin or drop out, disappear or are discovered, and live or die In addressing these and related statistical issues, we were fortunate to have Professor Joseph Schwartz as a key research collaborator Joe has one of best analytic minds in this field Revenge of the Virtuous Conscientiousness, which was the best predictor of longevity when measured in childhood, also turned out to be the best personality predictor of long life when measured in adulthood The young adults who were thrifty, persistent, detail oriented, and responsible lived the longest Patricia was one of these, having told Dr Terman that she enjoyed planning her work in detail and tended to drive herself steadily When asked about how she typically pursued goals, she indicated that she was persistent and that she had definite purposes Patricia also reported being thrifty and careful about making loans and not at all impulsive In fact, she had done very well in college and was expecting to have a highly successful career By the end of the twentieth century, 70 percent of the Terman men and 51 percent of the Terman women had died It was the unconscientious among them who had been dying in especially large numbers This confirmation in adulthood was particularly impressive because personality was being measured differently Conscientiousness in childhood was measured by parent and teacher ratings Conscientiousness in adulthood was measured by self report questionnairesour analyses of how participants described themselves and their activities In both caseschildhood and adulthoodconscientiousness was the key personality predictor of long life Why Do the Conscientious Stay Healthier and Live Longer We thought of three possible reasons for why conscientious individuals tend to stay healthier and live longer To our great surprise, all three are true The first reason, perhaps most obvious, is that conscientious people do things to protect their health and engage in fewer activities that are risky They are less likely to smoke, drink to excess, abuse drugs, or drive too fast They are likely to wear seat belts and follow doctors orders They are not necessarily risk averse but they tend to be sensible in evaluating how far to push the envelope The second, and least obvious, reason for the health benefits of conscientiousness is that some people are biologically predisposed to be both conscientious and healthier Not only do they tend to avoid violent deaths and illnesses linked to smoking and drinking, but conscientious individuals are less prone to a whole host of diseases, not just those caused by dangerous habits We and others are uncovering this startling finding again and againconscientious folks are less likely to die from all sorts of causes While we are not yet sure of the precise physiological reasons, it appears likely that conscientious and unconscientious people have different levels of certain chemicals in their brains, including serotonin Serotonin is the neurotransmitter targeted by antidepressant drugs like Prozac, Paxil, and Zoloft Individuals with low levels of serotonin tend to be much impulsive Importantly, serotonin is also necessary to regulate many health relevant processes throughout the body, including how much you eat and how well you sleep This is no cause for fatalism, however Neurotransmitter levels can change over time, and being biologically predisposed toward certain physiological processes is not a death sentence any than being predisposed to depression means you will absolutely fail to thrive and find satisfaction in life As we will see, some Terman subjects who started out low on conscientiousness i.e., who were impetuous and impulsive children led long and healthy lives Weve saved the best for last The most intriguing reason conscientious people live longer is that having a conscientious personality leads you into healthier situations and relationships In other words, it is not only that conscientious people have better health habits and healthier brains, but also that they find their way to happier marriages, better friendships, and healthier work situations Thats right, conscientious people create healthy, long life pathways for themselves In and Out of Conscientiousness Some people do change, and they travel down a path that leads them far away from the habits of their youthfor good or for ill While we found a consistent link between dependable kids and their future adult selves, we also confirmed that human beings can be inconsistent creatures Some wild frat boys quit drinking the morning after their fortieth birthday Cautious others abandon their sensible lifestyle in midlife and buy a red sports convertible How is a change in long term conscientiousness relevant to health We decided with the advice of Dr Joe Schwartz to compare four kinds of people The first is someone like Patricia who was highly conscientious in the top quartile in both childhood and adulthood The second is an individual who was conscientious in childhood but turned unconscientious by adulthood The third is someone, such as the tactful and charismatic James, who was decidedly low on this trait as a kid but became one of the most conscientious subjects by the time he reached young adulthood The fourth kind was unconscientious in childhood and remained so in adulthood We found that those Terman participants who scored high at both points in time had the lowest risk of dying at any given age Those who scored low at both points in time had the highest risk of dying And the others, those who had changed their level of conscientiousness, were in between Does It Generalize The nineteenth century Lithuanian scholar Yisroel Lipkin known as Rav Yisroel Salanter reportedly said that three things can be learned from a train a if youre late a minute you can miss it, b even a tiny move off the tracks causes a catastrophe, and c if you travel without a ticket you get punished.9 We do not have a conscientiousness score for Mr Lipkin, but staying on track with the proper tickets does seem to be an excellent metaphor for a conscientious lifestyle But how can we be sure that conscientiousness is as important to us in the twenty first century as it was to Dr Termans subjects or to Rabbi Lipkin, for that matter Our highly conscientious and talented recent graduate student and now Ph.D Margaret Peggy Kern addressed this question Peggy knew that the past decade had seen a The Longevity Project uses one of the most famous studies in psychology to answer the question of who lives longestand why The answers will surprise you This is an importantand deeply fascinatingbook Malcolm Gladwell The Longevity Project Surprising Discoveries for Health Feb , The and Long Life from the Landmark Eight Decade Study Howard S Friedman, Leslie R Martin on FREE shipping qualifying offers A revolutionary look at diet, nutrition, fitness, longevity praised by Malcolm Gladwell Oprah Magazine An extraordinary eighty year study has led to some unexpected discoveries Stanford Center Redesigning Life Nov T he mission of Stanford is accelerate implement scientific discoveries, technological advances, behavioral practices, social norms so that century long lives are healthy rewarding Human Film Documentary Series Series Takes You On Exciting Journey Around Globe To Learn From World s Healthiest Centenarians And Shows How Apply Their Ancient Wisdom Your Modern Calico News Calico Announces Collaboration with University Pennsylvania Translational Medicine Efforts in Aging Age related Diseases Garret FitzGerald Become Senior Advisor November Genetics Society America press release paper titled, Estimates heritability human substantially inflated due assortative mating Ms Patricia Moore, Dec Moore What happens when an ignorant young Mexican boy becomes entangled a confrontation between group dedicated scientists working cure old age unscrupulous televangelist determined stop project journey into this minefield intrigue Database IDL Project Introduction International Database result ongoing concerted effort provide thoroughly validated information individuals who attain extreme ages allows demographic analysis mortality highest Longevity Game Span Calculator Northwestern Mutual life span calculator offering fun, informative peek your future Identify factors can lead healthier try it here Dog Washington Dog promoting aging people their companion animals Dr Daniel Promislow Matt Kaeberlein Blue Zones Story Zones Get Newsletter Sign up free weekly email where we bring you exclusive interviews, cutting edge news, fresh tips living longer, better Centenarians National Centenarian Awareness Featuring remarkable centenarians, Inspiring Positive celebrates active centenarians as role models Software 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products Alexander Friedmann Alexander Alexandrovich spelled or Fridman Russian June OS September Soviet physicist mathematicianHe Propaganda Banknotes Vietnam Psywarrior Propaganda SGM Herbert Ret Note modified version article appeared Banknote Journal, Volume No COINS reprinted permission, summer magazine Watermark, Netherlands Unexplained Podcast Hughes Scottish Medium Jock Brocas VERY different take dont do afterlife connection National Capital Fiat Club Members DCFiats DCFiats club Lancia enthusiasts located Washington, DC Metro area More just club, events Liberty Quotation Four Ways Liberty Spend Money Quote Posted Updated There four ways spend money yourself The Longevity Project: Surprising Discoveries for Health and Long Life from the Landmark Eight-Decade S tudy

 

    • The Longevity Project: Surprising Discoveries for Health and Long Life from the Landmark Eight-Decade S tudy
    • 4.3
    • 546
    • Format Kindle
    • 273 pages
    • Howard S Friedman Ph.D.
    • Anglais
    • 18 September 2017

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