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≫ Free Download Format Kindle [ The Life of the Buddha ] ⊭ Ebook Author Tenzin Chogyel ⋕

≫ Free Download Format Kindle [ The Life of the Buddha ] ⊭ Ebook Author Tenzin Chogyel ⋕ ≫ Free Download Format Kindle [ The Life of the Buddha ] ⊭ Ebook Author Tenzin Chogyel ⋕ IntroductionThe Buddha was a human being He struggled, he succeeded, he failed He made difficult choices He made mistakes of the sort we all might make And he persevered He lived in childlike innocence until he witnessed the unyielding reality of human sufferingpoverty, sickness, old age, and death He struggled with the implications of this suffering for his life and the lives of others He had a family He left his family He worked as a teacher, a leader, and a community builder He worried about his legacy He grew ill as an old man and died.The Buddha was a prince, the foremost younger member of a royal family and heir to the kings throne He lived in utter luxury, wanting nothing He received the finest education possible He was a master of the arts, literature, athletics, and politics He had many wives and lovers, and bore a son He was to be a king, a god on earth And then he cast the sweet life away when he realized that in spite of his exalted status he would still become ill, grow old, and die.The Buddha was a reincarnation, the rebirth of a person now dead He was a series of human beings, reborn through countless lifetimes He had many bodies, many incarnations, though he remained in some sense himself, a he, an individual, indivisible yet multiple And as a reincarnation he is no different, according to Buddhist doctrine, from any other living being, save that he eventually came to understand the fundamental role of ethical cause and effectthe engine of rebirthin creating his many rebirths, his many experiences in this life and all that had come before it Because he came to understand rebirth as yet another form of human suffering, he sought, and found, an end to rebirth.The Buddha was a god He lived in celestial realms, in castles in the sky where gods enjoyed the divine fruits of their good acts over many eons Yet the Buddha knew that even a god suffers from ethical cause and effect, that gods must descend from their celestial palaces if they wish to find an end to suffering, just like every other living being He taught the gods the means to liberate themselves from the suffering that even they, as exalted celestial beings, experience He was a god among gods.The Buddha is a bodhisattva, a living, thinking being whose only goal is to achieve enlightenmentto fundamentally transform his understanding of realityin order to truly put an end to human suffering The Buddha is a savior, a being whose empathy for the suffering of others is so profound that he cannot but act on their behalf.The Buddha was, isever will bethe cosmos His body is coextensive with all that is He is reality As such he seeks, through the drama of human embodiment, to relieve the suffering that comes to those living beings who do not understand that they are this reality as well.According to Buddhist traditions throughout Asia, the Buddha holds each and all of these identities within his capacious form Stories of the Buddha from ancient, medieval, and modern traditions contain this multiplicity, at times emphasizing one aspect of his identity, at times another, yet always deep with potential meaning, overflowing with possibilities for readers from all walks of life This is one such story.The life story of Shakyamuni Buddha, the founder of Buddhism who lived two and a half thousand years ago, is perhaps the most important narrative in the Tibetan Buddhist tradition While the great Tibetan, Bhutanese, and Mongolian masters of the past have had a direct impact on the course and contours of Buddhism in Tibetan speaking and Tibetan reading lands, the story of the founder, Shakyamuni, defines the very shape and scope of Buddhism A definition of sufferingthe basic human probleman analysis of the causes of suffering, an affirmation that human suffering can be alleviated, and a demonstration of the steps needed to escape suffering are integrated within the life story of a single human being, the Buddha His story forms the blueprint for a life dedicated to the two fundamental challenges faced by people, the easing of suffering for oneself and for others And if this most basic goal is integral to the Buddhas story, then any Buddhist leader in Tibet, Bhutan, or anywhere else in the world must emulate this story, must follow in the Buddhas footsteps, must live the life of a Buddha, the Enlightened One.In Buddhist traditions of Tibet and the Himalayas this blueprint for an ideal Buddhist life was formally expressed in twelve major life episodes, the twelve acts of the Buddha.The idea that the narrative of the Buddhas enlightenment could be reduced to a set of key episodes dates back to at least the fifth century CE, when the Analysis of the Buddha Jewela formative work for Indian and Tibetan notions that all living beings possess the ability to achieve enlightenmentoutlined in a single verse Shakyamunis career in twelve acts, though without any further elaboration Indian Buddhist literature never utilized this concise narrative structure to develop a full account of the Buddha, from birth to death The most elaborate classical life of the Buddha, the Living Out of the Game Scripture, ends with the Buddhas teaching career It does not include his death, the central event that was the catalyst for the spread of Buddhism, the cause of much philosophizing over the centuries, and the conundrum that the living ubiquitously face This is not to say that there are no narratives of the Buddhas death in Indian Buddhist literature The Scripture of the Great Passing from Suffering, dedicated in its entirety to the last days of Shakyamuni, is one of the most beautiful works of the Buddhist canonical literature from South Asia Yet it was left to later writers in different cultures, writing in different languages, to craft synthetic portraits of the Buddhas life from time immemorial through birth to death Tibetan writers, however, capitalized on the twelve act structure, and the story before you now is one of the best examples of the genre The structure is simple, and outlines the basic chronology of the Buddhas life Life in heaven prebirth Descent to earth conception and gestation Birth age 1 Education ages 1 to 16 The pleasures of his royal harem ages 16 to 29 Renunciation of house age 29 Spiritual discipline ages 29 to 35 Journey to Bodhgaya age 35 Battle with demons age 35 Enlightenment age 35 Teaching ages 35 to 80 Death age 80 The power of this biographical framework lies in the flexibility it allows individual authors As long as these twelve major acts are treated, a writer is free to include or less detail depending on ones intentions, be they primarily literary, didactic, historical, polemic, or otherwise The author of the present biography, Tenzin Chgyel, uses this freedom to great effect The j khenpo, or chief abbot, of Bhutan, Tenzin Chgyel wrote this work during the golden age of Bhutanese literature, when biography was a major literary form In his telling of the Buddhas life he endeavors at all times to tell a concise and quickly moving story that is at once exciting and emotionally engrossing Occasionally he will stop to note an alternate version of a particular episode, or pause to speak directly to the reader about the proper way to pay reverence to the Buddha or to keep him in mind on holy days Yet he never tarries long Tenzin Chgyel is not interested in systematically laying out Buddhist doctrine or prescribing practice His task is to tell a good story.The story may be quickly summarized The Buddha, whom Tenzin Chgyel refers to as the Bodhisattva before his enlightenment in chapter 10, spends his penultimate life in the celestial realm of Tushita, where he teaches the gods and appoints a successor, the future Buddha Maitreya chapter 1 , to continue to instruct the gods after he departs He then leaves Tushita Heaven to take form as a human child in an Indian queen, Mahamaya chapter 2 After a painless and productive time spent teaching the gods from within his mothers womb, he emerges into this world in a virgin birth from his mothers right side chapter 3 His first triumphant words as a baby suggest that the infant is certain of his future as a religious leader, while the predictions of the royal sages foretell that he is destined to become a great ruler Whether he is to become a great king or a great religious master remains a matter of narrative tension, however, as the young hero seems to forget his preordained calling to the spiritual life The young prince lives in the lap of luxury among his coterie of women, enjoying love, marriage, learning, the arts, and athleticsall of which he holds complete mastery over chapters 4 and 5 Revulsion at these indulgences deep in the pleasures of the senses leads to the key moment in the Bodhisattvas young spiritual career, renunciation chapter 6 treats his daring escape from the palace, and his refusal to fulfill the obligations of his station in life as a prince Once away from the palace and ensconced within the wild of the forest, he begins to meditate He begins by performing austeritiesstrenuous practices of mental and physical contemplative practice and self denialthat inflict such profound injury to his body and his mind that he is unable to concentrate his mind at all, much less meditate chapter 7 After six years he abandons these exhausting and ultimately futile self defeating practices after he nearly drops from exhaustion and malnourishment, and sets about to find equilibrium between asceticism and overindulgence that will allow him to develop his mind.The Bodhisattva makes his final journey as an unenlightened being in chapter 8 when he walks to Bodhgaya, the site of his eventual realization under the Bodhi tree But before this can happen he has one final task, an epic battle with the demon Mara, the personification of the fundamental challenges to human happiness hatred, greed, and ignorance chapter 9 After vanquishing Mara and his army, in a single, final night he completes the task that he set for himself eons ago, nothing less than a revolution in understanding In the morning he sits, beholding the dawns light with joyful, simple awareness chapter 10 The Bodhisattva, now the Buddha, rests with his hard won achievement for a time, then embarks upon a forty year teaching career that creates the Buddhist tradition chapter 11 And yet, in the space of only a chapter, this career is over, and as he nears death, the final passage from suffering, he bequeaths his teachings to his son, his close disciples, and all those who are ready to carry his tradition throughout India chapter 12.The life of the Buddha in twelve acts has a long and rich history in Tibetan literature, stretching back centuries before the time of Tenzin Chgyel Most Tibetan historians trace the form to the second century Indian writer Nagarjuna, perhaps the most famous classical Indian Buddhist philosopher Nagarjuna is best known for his work on the central concern of all Buddhist philosophy, the insubstantiality, or emptiness, of physical and psychological reality His fame as a philosopher and writer was so great for Tibetan intellectuals that just about any work could gain authority if attributed to him, and this is likely what happened with a short work in verse on the twelve acts of the Buddha More historically cautious Tibetan intellectuals attributed the poem to the twelfth century writer Jikten Gnpo Be that as it may, the poem urges its readers to feelings of faith and humility that should, ideally, accompany the recollection of the Buddhas career Nagarjunas Praise to the Twelve Acts is included at the conclusion of The Life of the Buddha. THE LIFE OF THE BUDDHA BY TENZIN CHGYELThe present work offers a translation of one of the most engaging retellings of the Buddhas story in any language It was composed in the middle of the eighteenth century, than two millennia after the life of the Buddha Shakyamuni, by a prominent Bhutanese intellectual, Tenzin Chgyel in Tibetan, Rje Mkhan po Bstan dzin chos rgyal , who lived from 1701 to 1767 The full title of Tenzin Chgyels work is The Life of the Lord Victor Shakyamuni, Ornament of One Thousand Lamps for the Fortunate Eon We may simply call it The Life of the Buddha and it is presented here in its entirety.Tenzin Chgyel was a prominent leader in the Drukpa Kagyu Brug pa Bka brgyud school of Buddhism in Bhutan He is most famous today in Bhutan for his service to the state as the tenth Lord Abbot Rje Mkhan po the highest ecclesiastical authorityof Bhutan from 1755 to 1762 and for his influential history of Bhutan, The Religious History of the South Lho i chos byung , which he completed in 1759 He was ordained as a novice monk at the age of twelve in 1712, and received a first class monastic education By the time he was thirty two he held major offices within the Bhutanese religious hierarchy, serving in the major religious and political centers of Bhutanthe palaces at Punakha and Wangdu, Tango Monastery, and elsewhere He rose to the peak of the religious hierarchy in Bhutan when he was fifty five years old, when he became responsible for the religious affairs of the state as Lord Abbot of Bhutan In 1762, after eight years of government service, he retired from office and lived his final years in retreat.Tenzin Chgyel was a prominent author in Bhutans golden age of literary creativity Although he was not the most prolific writer among the Lord Abbots of Bhutanthis distinction goes to his predecesssor, the ninth Lord Abbot, Shakya Rinchen 17101759, Lord Abbot from 1745 to 1755 by the time he was twenty seven years of age, he was already a major biographer, having composed a lengthy narrative on the life of his teacher Tenzin Dndrup 16801728 upon the latters death He wrote several other works of narrative literature, a history of the Bhutanese state, and beautiful poetic liturgical works for monasteries and temples in central Bhutan.This is a call to mindfulness, dedicated to easing suffering.The story of Shakyamuni Buddha s epic journey to enlightenment is perhaps the most important narrative in the Buddhist tradition Tenzin Ch gyel s The Life of the Buddha, composed in the mid eighteenth century and now with a new translation, is a masterly storyteller s rendition of the twelve acts of the Buddha Ch gyel s classical tale seamlessly weaves together the vast and the minute, the earthly and the celestial, reflecting the near omnipresent aid of the gods alongside the Buddha s moving final reunion with his devoted son, Rahula. 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    • The Life of the Buddha
    • 4.1
    • 329
    • Format Kindle
    • 208 pages
    • 0143107208
    • Tenzin Chogyel
    • Anglais
    • 20 August 2017

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