↕ Free Download ⇭ The Death of Truth: Notes on Falsehood in the Age of Trump ↏ By Michiko Kakutani ❊

↕ Free Download ⇭ The Death of Truth: Notes on Falsehood in the Age of Trump  ↏ By Michiko Kakutani ❊ ↕ Free Download ⇭ The Death of Truth: Notes on Falsehood in the Age of Trump ↏ By Michiko Kakutani ❊ 1The Decline and Fall of ReasonThis is an apple.Some people might try to tell you that its a banana.They might scream Banana, banana, banana over and over and over again.They might put BANANA in all caps.You might even start to believe that this is a banana.But its not.This is an apple.CNN commercial, showing a photograph of an appleIn his 1838 Lyceum Address, a young Abraham Lincoln spoke to his concern that as memories of the Revolution receded into the past, the nations liberty was threatened by a disregard for the governments institutions, which protect the civil and religious liberties bequeathed by the founders To preserve the rule of law and prevent the rise of a would be tyrant who might spring up amongst us, sober reasoncold, calculating, unimpassioned reasonwould be required To remain free to the last, he exhorted his audience, reason must be embraced by the American people, along with sound morality and, in particular, a reverence for the constitution and laws.As Lincoln well knew, the founders of America established the young republic on the Enlightenment principles of reason, liberty, progress, and religious tolerance And the constitutional architecture they crafted was based on a rational system of checks and balances to guard against the possibility, in the words of Alexander Hamilton, of a man unprincipled in private life and bold in his temper one day arising who might mount the hobby horse of popularity and flatter and fall in with all the non sense of the zealots of the day in order to embarrass the government and throw things into confusion that he may ride the storm and direct the whirlwind.The system was far from perfect, but it has endured for than two centuries thanks to its resilience and capacity to accommodate essential change Leaders like Lincoln, Martin Luther King Jr., and Barack Obama viewed America as a work in progressa country in the process of perfecting itself And they tried to speed that work, mindful, in the words of Dr King, that progress is neither automatic nor inevitable but requiring of continuous dedication and struggle What had been achieved since the Civil War and the civil rights movement was a reminder of all the work yet to be done, but also a testament to President Obamas faith that Americans can constantly remake ourselves to fit our larger dreams, and the Enlightenment faith in what George Washington called the great experiment entrusted to the hands of the American people.Alongside this optimistic vision of America as a nation that could become a shining city upon a hill, theres also been a dark, irrational counter theme in U.S history, which has now reasserted itself with a vengeanceto the point where reason not only is being undermined but seems to have been tossed out the window, along with facts, informed debate, and deliberative policy making Science is under attack, and so is expertise of every sortbe it expertise in foreign policy, national security, economics, or education.Philip Roth called this counter narrative the indigenous American berserk, and the historian Richard Hofstadter famously described it as the paranoid stylean outlook animated by heated exaggeration, suspiciousness, and conspiratorial fantasy and focused on perceived threats to a nation, a culture, a way of life Hofstadters 1964 essay was spurred by Barry Goldwaters campaign and the right wing movement around it, just as his 1963 book, Anti intellectualism in American Life, was conceived in response to Senator Joseph McCarthys notorious witch hunts and the larger political and social backdrop of the 1950s.Goldwater lost his presidential bid, and McCarthyism burned itself out after a lawyer for the U.S Army, Joseph Welch, had the courage to stand up to McCarthy Have you no sense of decency, sir, at long last Welch asked Have you left no sense of decency The venomous McCarthy, who hurled accusations of disloyalty throughout Washington the State Department harbors a nest of Communists and Communist sympathizers, he warned President Truman in 1950 , was rebuked by the Senate in 1954, and with the Soviets launch of Sputnik in 1957 the menacing antirationalism of the day began to recede, giving way to the space race and a concerted effort to improve the nations science programs.Hofstadter observed that the paranoid style tends to occur in episodic waves The anti Catholic, anti immigrant Know Nothing Party reached its height in 1855, with forty three members of Congress openly avowing their allegiance Its power quickly began to dissipate the following year, after the party split along sectional lines, though the intolerance it embodied would remain, like a virus, in the political system, waiting to reemerge.In the case of the modern right wing, Hofstadter argued that it tended to be mobilized by a sense of grievance and dispossession America has been largely taken away from them, he wrote, and they may feel that they have no access to political bargaining or the making of decisions.In the case of millennial era America and much of western Europe, too , these were grievances exacerbated by changing demographics and changing social s that had made some members of the white working class feel increasingly marginalized by growing income inequalities accelerated by the financial crisis of 2008 and by forces like globalization and technology that were stealing manufacturing jobs and injecting daily life with a new uncertainty and angst.Trump and nationalist, anti immigrant leaders on the right in Europe like Marine Le Pen in France, Geert Wilders in the Netherlands, and Matteo Salvini in Italy would inflame these feelings of fear and anger and disenfranchisement, offering scapegoats instead of solutions while liberals and conservatives, worried about the rise of nativism and the politics of prejudice, warned that democratic institutions were coming under growing threat Yeatss poem The Second Coming, written in 1919, amid the wreckage of World War I, experienced a huge revival in 2016quoted, in news articles, in the first half of that year than it had been in three decades as commentators of all political persuasions invoked its famous lines Things fall apart the centre cannot hold Mere anarchy is loosed upon the world.The assault on truth and reason that reached fever pitch in America during the first year of the Trump presidency had been incubating for years on the fringe right Clinton haters who were manufacturing nutty accusations about the death of Vince Foster in the 1990s and Tea Party paranoids who claimed that environmentalists wanted to control the temperature of your home and the color of cars you can buy hooked up, during the 2016 campaign, with Breitbart bloggers and alt right trolls And with Trumps winning of the Republican nomination and the presidency, the extremist views of his most radical supporterstheir racial and religious intolerance, their detestation of government, and their embrace of conspiracy thinking and misinformationwent mainstream.According to a 2017 survey by The Washington Post, 47 percent of Republicans erroneously believe that Trump won the popular vote, 68 percent believe that millions of illegal immigrants voted in 2016, and than half of Republicans say they would be okay with postponing the 2020 presidential election until such problems with illegal voting can be fixed Another study conducted by political scientists at the University of Chicago showed that 25 percent of Americans believe that the 2008 crash was secretly orchestrated by a small cabal of bankers, 19 percent believe that the U.S government had a hand in the 9 11 terrorist attacks, and 11 percent even believe a theory made up by the researchersthat compact fluorescent lightbulbs were part of a government plot to make people passive and easy to control.Trump, who launched his political career by shamelessly promoting birtherism and who has spoken approvingly of the conspiracy theorist and shock jock Alex Jones, presided over an administration that became, in its first year, the very embodiment of anti Enlightenment principles, repudiating the values of rationalism, tolerance, and empiricism in both its policies and its modus operandia reflection of the commander in chiefs erratic, impulsive decision making style based not on knowledge but on instinct, whim, and preconceived and often delusional notions of how the world operates.Trump made no effort to rectify his ignorance of domestic and foreign policy when he moved into the White House His former chief strategist Stephen Bannon has said that Trump only reads to reinforce and the president has remained determined to deny, diminish, or downplay intelligence concerning Russian interference in the 2016 election Because such mentions tend to draw his ire and can disrupt his intelligence briefings, officials told The Washington Post that they sometimes included this material only in written versions of the presidents daily brief, which he reportedly rarely if ever reads.Instead, the president seems to prefer getting his information from Fox Newsin particular, the sycophantic morning show Fox Friendsand from sources like Breitbart News and the National Enquirer He reportedly spends as much as eight hours a day watching televisiona habit that could not help but remind many readers of Chauncey Gardiner, the TV addicted gardener who becomes a celebrity and rising political star in Jerzy Kosinskis 1970 novel, Being There Vice News also reported that Trump received a folder, twice a day, filled with flattering clips including admiring tweets, transcripts of fawning TV interviews, praise filled news stories, and sometimes just pictures of Trump on TV looking powerful Such absurd details are unnerving rather than merely comical because this is not simply a Twilight Zone case of one fantasist living in a big white house in Washington, D.C Trumps proclivity for chaos has not been contained by those around him but has instead infected his entire administration He asserts that Im the only one that matters when it comes to policy making, and given his disdain for institutional knowledge he frequently ignores the advice of cabinet members and agencies, when he isnt cutting them out of the loop entirely.Ironically, the dysfunction that these habits fuel tends to ratify his supporters mistrust of Washington one of the main reasons they voted for Trump in the first place , creating a kind of self fulfilling prophecy, which, in turn, breeds further cynicism and a reluctance to participate in the political process A growing number of voters feel there is a gross disconnect between their views and government policies Commonsense policies like mandatory background checks for gun purchases, supported by than nine out of ten Americans, have been stymied by Congress, which is filled with members who rely on donations from the NRA Eighty seven percent of Americans said in a 2018 poll that they believe Dreamers should be allowed to stay in the States, and yet DACA has remained a political football And 83 percent of Americans including 75 percent of Republicans say they support net neutrality, which was overturned by Trumps FCC.The declining role of rational discourseand the diminished role of common sense and fact based policyhardly started with Donald J Trump Rather, he represents the culmination of trends diagnosed in prescient books by Al Gore, Farhad Manjoo, and Susan Jacoby, published nearly a decade before he took up residence at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue Among the causes of this decline, Jacoby The Age of American Unreason cited an addiction to infotainment, the continuing strength of religious fundamentalism, the popular equation of intellectualism with a liberalism supposedly at odds with traditional American values, and an education system that does a poor job of teaching not only basic skills but the logic underlying those skills.As for Gore The Assault on Reason , he underscored the ailing condition of America as a participatory democracy low voter turnout, an ill informed electorate, campaigns dominated by money, and media manipulation and the persistent and sustained reliance on falsehoods as the basis of policy, even in the face of massive and well understood evidence to the contrary.At the forefront of Gores thinking was the Bush administrations disastrous decision to invade Iraq and its cynical selling of that war to the public, distorting Americas political reality by creating a new fear of Iraq that was hugely disproportionate to the actual danger posed by a country that did not attack the United States on 9 11 and lacked the terrifying weapons of mass destruction that administration hawks scared Americans into thinking it possessed.Indeed, the Iraq war remains a lesson in the calamities that can result when momentous decisions that affect the entire world are not made through a rational policy making process and the judicious weighing of information and expert analysis, but are instead fueled by ideological certainty and the cherry picking of intelligence to support preconceived ides fixes.From the start, administration hawks led by Vice President Dick Cheney and Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld pressed for forward leaning intelligence that would help make the case for war A shadowy operation called the Office of Special Plans was even set up at the Defense Department its mission, according to a Pentagon adviser quoted by Seymour M Hersh in The New Yorker, was to find evidence of what Rumsfeld and Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz already believed to be truethat Saddam Hussein had ties to al Qaeda and that Iraq possessed a huge arsenal of biological, chemical, and possibly nuclear weapons.Meanwhile, planning for the war on the ground ignored sober warnings from experts, like the army chief of staff, Eric K Shinseki, who testified that postwar Iraq would require something on the order of several hundred thousand soldiers His recommendation was quickly shot down, as were reports from the Rand Corporation and the Army War College, both of which also warned that postwar security and reconstruction in Iraq would require a large number of troops for an extended period of time These assessments went unheededwith fateful consequencesbecause they did not mesh with the administrations willfully optimistic promises that the Iraqi people would welcome American troops as liberators and that resistance on the ground would be limited A cakewalk, as one Rumsfeld ally put it The failure to send enough troops to secure the country and restore law and order the sidelining of the State Departments Future of Iraq Project because of tensions with the Pentagon the ad hoc decisions to dissolve the Iraqi army and to ban all senior members of the Baath Party such disastrous and avoidable screwups resulted in a bungled American occupation that one soldier, assigned to the Coalition Provisional Authority, memorably described as pasting feathers together, hoping for a duck In fact, the Iraq war would prove to be one of the young centurys most catastrophic events, exploding the geopolitics of the region and giving birth to ISIS and a still unspooling set of disasters for the people of Iraq, the region, and the world.Although Trump frequently criticized the decision to invade Iraq during the 2016 campaign, his White House has learned nothing from the Bush administrations handling of that unnecessary and tragic war Instead, it has doubled down on reverse engineered policy making and the repudiation of experts.For instance, the State Department has been hollowed out as a result of Steve Bannons vow to fight for the deconstruction of the administrative state and the White Houses suspicion of deep state professionals The presidents son in law, Jared Kushner, a thirty six year old real estate developer with no government experience, was handed the Middle East portfolio, while the shrinking State Department was increasingly sidelined Many important positions stood unfilled at the end of Trumps first year in office This was partly because of downsizing and dereliction of duty, partly because of a reluctance to appoint diplomats who expressed reservations about the presidents policies as in the case of the crucial role of ambassador to South Korea , and partly because of the exodus of foreign service talent from an agency that, under new management, no longer valued their skills at diplomacy, policy knowledge, or experience in far flung regions of the world Combined with Trumps subversion of longtime alliances and trade accords and his steady undermining of democratic ideals, the carelessness with which his administration treated foreign policy led to world confidence in U.S leadership plummeting in 2017 to a new low of 30 percent below China and just above Russia , according to a Gallup poll.Kakutani has written the first great book of the Trump administration The Death of Truth is a fiery polemic against the president and should go down as essential reading In nine exquisitely crafted broadsides, the Pulitzer winner calls upon her vast knowledge of literature, philosophy and politics to serve up a damning state of the union Rolling StoneThe Death of Truthis destined to become the defining treatise of our age Not only does it brilliantly and incisively diagnose the roots of our decaying social and political order it also shows why we must rescue the truth before it is buried under a regime of lies Everyone should read this book David GrannThis book is essential reading today Walter IsaacsonWithout the truth we will be neither prosperous nor virtuous nor free This book begins the self defense of American culture May it reach a generation that will make narcissism pass and factuality sexy Timothy Snyder This is the book I would have writtenbut only if I had had a brilliant grasp of literature, politics, and history, and the ability to weave them together in a uniquely original way The Death of Truthgoes indelibly to the dark, dark heart of what is ailing our democracy as no recent book has done Graydon Carter Kakutani s The Death of Truth is politically urgent and intellectually dazzling She deftly goes behind the daily headlines to reveal the larger forces threatening democracy at home in America, and elsewhere around the globe The result is a brilliant and fascinating call to arms that anyone who cares about democracy ought to read immediately Jane MayerA pointed and penetrating book The Death of Truth offers a clear eyed, eloquent assessment of the current predicament This book is essential for understanding the corrosive effects of an ongoing, relentless assault on truth.Louis P Masur, The San Francisco ChronicleAn intellectually dazzling read Entertainment Weekly Death is the cessation of all biological functions that sustain a living organism Phenomena which commonly bring about death include aging, predation, malnutrition, disease, suicide, homicide, starvation, dehydration, and accidents or major trauma resulting in terminal injury In most cases, bodies organisms begin to decompose shortly afterMichiko Kakutani The New York Times Recent archived work by Michiko for Times michikokakutani Twitter latest Tweets from former chief book critic, author Truth Notes on Falsehood Age Pulitzer Prize winning literary critic Photo credit Petr Hlinomaz Legendary reviews If role educate public, as Oscar Wilde once wrote, couldn t have picked worse time retire her post last July Sure, serving three decades arguably important gatekeeper publishing warrants turns Donald Trump fake news Jul , had best criticism job America As Times, she could review any wanted won In Hitler, an Ascent From Dunderhead Demagogue Sep A new biography portrays Hitler clownish, deceitful narcissist who took control powerful nation thanks slick propaganda dysfunctional elite failed block his rise The Praise has written first great administration fiery polemic against president should go down essential reading nine exquisitely crafted broadsides, winner calls upon vast knowledge literature, philosophy politics serve up damning state union Poet at Piano FREE shipping qualifying offers Gathers interviews with writers, directors, playwrights, producers, Home Book Doctor Editor Anita D McClellan This story just kept selling, catching publishers, booksellers even its off guard we uncover messages our moment history, still vital place culture, changing face The Death of Truth: Notes on Falsehood in the Age of Trump


    • The Death of Truth: Notes on Falsehood in the Age of Trump
    • 4.5
    • 880
    • Format Kindle
    • 0525574824
    • Michiko Kakutani
    • Anglais
    • 04 June 2016

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *