ᘧ Google drive pdf ৴ The Case Against Sugar ᙢ Author Gary Taubes ᛘ

ᘧ Google drive pdf ৴ The Case Against Sugar  ᙢ Author Gary Taubes ᛘ ᘧ Google drive pdf ৴ The Case Against Sugar ᙢ Author Gary Taubes ᛘ INTRODUCTION WHY DIABETES Mary Han unmarried woman, twenty six years of age, came to the Out Patient Department of the Massachusetts General Hospital on August 2, 1893 She said her mouth was dry, that she was drink ing water all the time and was compelled to rise three to four times each night to pass her urine She felt weak and tired Her appetite was variable the bowels constipated and she had a dizzy headache Belching of gas, a tight feeling in the abdomen, and a burning in the stomach followed her meals She was short of breath Elliott Joslins diabetes case no 1, as recorded in the case notes of his clinic Elliott Joslin was a medical student at Harvard in the summer of 1893, working as a clinical clerk at Massachusetts General Hos pital, when he documented his rst consultation with a diabetic patient He was still a good three decades removed from becom ing the most in uential diabetes specialist of the twentieth century The patient was Mary Higgins, a young immigrant who had arrived from Ireland ve years previously and had been working as a domestic in a Boston suburb She had a severe form of diabetes mellitus, Joslin noted, and her kidneys were already succumbing to the strain put upon them by the disease Joslins interest in diabetes dated to his undergraduate days at Yale, but it may have been Higgins who catalyzed his obsession Over the next ve years, Joslin and Reginald Fitz, a renowned Har vard pathologist, would comb through the hundreds of volumes of handwritten case notes of the Massachusetts General Hospital, looking for information that might shed light on the cause of the disease and perhaps suggest how to treat it Joslin would travel twice to Europe, visiting medical centers in Germany and Austria, to learn from the most in uential diabetes experts of the era In 1898, the same year Joslin established his private practice to specialize in the treatment of diabetics, he and Fitz presented their analysis of the Mass General case notes at the annual meeting of the American Medical Association in Denver They had exam ined the record of every patient treated at the hospital since 1824 What they saw, although they didnt recognize it at the time, was the beginning of an epidemic Among the forty eight thousand patients treated in that time period, a year shy of three quarters of a century, a total of 172 had been diagnosed with diabetes These patients represented only 0.3 percent of all cases at Mass General, but Joslin and Fitz detected a clear trend in the admissions the number of patients with diabetes and the percentage of patients with diabetes had both been increasing steadily As many diabetics were admitted to Mass General in the thirteen years after 1885 as in the sixty one years prior Joslin and Fitz considered several explanations, but they rejected the possibility that the disease itself was becoming common Instead, they attributed the increase in diabetic patients to a wholesome tendency of diabetics to place themselves under careful medical supervision It wasnt that Bosto nians were succumbing to diabetes year to year, they said, but that a greater proportion of those who did were taking themselves off to the hospital for treatment By January 1921, when Joslin published an article about his clinical experience with diabetes for The Journal of the American Medical Association, his opinion had changed considerably He was no longer talking about the wholesome tendencies of diabetics toseek medical help, but was using the word epidemic to describe what he was witnessing On the broad street of a certain peaceful New England village there once stood three houses side by side, he wrote, apparently talking about his hometown of Oxford, Massachusetts Into these three houses moved in succession four women and three menheads of familiesand of this number all but one subsequently succumbed to diabetes Joslin suggested that had these deaths been caused by an infec tious diseasescarlet fever, perhaps, or typhoid, or tuberculosis the local and state health departments would have mobilized investigative teams to establish the vectors of the disease and prevent further spread Consider the measures, he wrote, that would have been adopted to discover the source of the outbreak and to prevent a recurrence Because diabetes was a chronic dis ease, not an infectious one, and because the deaths occurred over years and not in the span of a few weeks or months, they passed unnoticed Even the insurance companies, Joslin wrote, failed to grasp their significance Weve grown accustomed, if not inured, to reading about the ongoing epidemic of obesity Fifty years ago, one in eight American adults was obese today the number is greater than one in three The World Health Organization reports that obesity rates have doubled worldwide since 1980 in 2014, than half a billion adults on the planet were obese, and than forty million children under the age of ve were overweight or obese Without doubt weve been getting fatter, a trend that can be traced back in the United States to the nineteenth century, but the epidemic of diabetes is a intriguing, telling phenomenon Diabetes was not a new diagnosis at the tail end of the nine teenth century when Joslin did his rst accounting, rare as the disease might have been then As far back as the sixth century b.c., Sushruta, a Hindu physician, had described the characteristicsweet urine of diabetes mellitus, and noted that it was most common in the overweight and the gluttonous By the rst century a.d., the disease may have already been known as diabetesa Greek term meaning siphon or owing throughwhen Aretaeus of Cappodocia described its ultimate course if allowed to proceed untreated The patient does not survive long when it is completely established, for the marasmus emaciation produced is rapid, and death speedy Life too is odious and painful, the thirst is ungov ernable, and the copious potations are than equaled by the profuse urinary discharge If he stop for a very brief period, and leave off drinking, the mouth becomes parched, the body dry the bowels seem on re, he is wretched and uneasy, and soon dies, tormented with burning thirst Through the mid nineteenth century, diabetes remained a rare af iction, to be discussed in medical texts and journal articles but rarely seen by physicians in their practices As late as 1797, the British army surgeon John Rollo could publish An Account of Two Cases of the Diabetes Mellitus, a seminal paper in the history of the disease, and report that he had seen these cases nineteen years apart despite, as Rollo wrote, spending the intervening years observ ing an extensive range of disease in America, the West Indies, and in England If the mortality records from Philadelphia in the early nineteenth century are any indication, the citys resi dents were as likely to die from diabetes, or at least to have diabetes attributed as the cause of their death, as they were to be murdered or to die from anthrax, hysteria, starvation, or lethargy In 1890, Robert Saundby, a former president of the Edinburgh Royal Medical Society, presented a series of lectures on diabetes to the Royal College of Physicians in London in which he estimated that less than one in every fty thousand died from the disease Diabetes, said Saundby, is one of those rarer diseases that can only be studied by physicians who live in great cent er s of popula tion and have the extensive practice of a large hospital from which to draw their cases Saundby did note, though, that the mortality rate from diabetes was rising throughout England, in Paris, and even in New York At the same time, one Los Angeles physician, according to Saundby, reported in seven years practice he had not met with a single case The truth, Saundby said, is that diabe tes is getting to be a common disease in certain classes, especially the wealthier commercial classes William Osler, the legendary Canadian physician often described as the father of modern medicine, also documented both the rarity and the rising tide of diabetes in the numerous editions of his seminal textbook, The Principles and Practice of Medicine Osler joined the staff at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Bal ti when the institution opened in 1889 In the first edition of his textbook, published three years later, Osler reported that, of the thirty ve thousand patients under treatment at the hospital since its inception, only ten had been diagnosed with diabetes In the next eight years, 156 cases were diagnosed Mortality statistics, wrote Osler, suggested an exponential increase in those reportedly dying from the diseasenearly doubling between 1870 and 1890 and then than doubling again by 1900 By the late 1920s, Joslins epidemic of diabetes had become the subject of newspaper and magazine articles, while researchers in the United States and Europe were working to quantify accurately the prevalence of the disease, in a way that might allow meaningful comparisons to be drawn from year to year and decade to decade In Copenhagen, for instance, the number of diabetics treated in the citys hospitals increased from ten in 1890 to 608 in 1924a sixty fold increase When the New York City health commissioner Haven Emerson and his colleague Louise Lari published an analysis of diabetes mortality statistics in 1924, they reported a 400 percent increase in some American cities since 1900almost 1,500 percent since the Civil War Despite all this, the disease remained a relatively rare one When Joslin, working with Louis Dublin and Herbert Marks, both statis ticians with the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, examined the existing evidence in 1934, he again concluded that diabetes was rapidly becoming a common disease, but only by the stan dards of the day He conservatively estimatedbased on what he considered careful studies done in New York, Massachusetts, and elsewherethat only two to three Americans in every thousand had diabetes.Hard hitting and important you will find yourself looking at the packet of golden caster sugar in your cupboard and the elderflower cordial in your fridge with new suspicion, if not loathing Bee Wilson, Sunday Times Like a terrier with a bone, Taubes won t let purveyors of this bankrupt diet paradigm get away with a bit of pragmatic sugar reduction tokenism In order to firmly hammer the nails in the coffin of the case of sugar, he sets out to nail the lie on which it is predicated that the tidal wave of obesity and type 2 diabetes sweeping the western world is caused by overconsumption and sedentary behaviour Taubes isn t the only person to challenge the facile idea that we get fat simply because we consume calories than we expend, but his clear and persuasive argument that obesity is a hormonal disorder, switched on by sugar, is one that urgently needs wider airing Observer A devastating critique of the way the sugar industry has shaped nutritional science in its favour for than a century Financial Times Compelling Perhaps at long last, sugar is getting its just desserts Economist Taubes s writing is both inflammatory and copiously researched It is also well timed Hard charging and I ll add game changing New York Times A blitz of a book Mr Taubes s argument is so persuasive that, after reading The Case Against Sugar, this functioning chocoholic cut out the Snacking Bar and stopped eating cakes and white bread. The Case Against Sugar should be a powerful weapon against future misinformation Eugenia Bone, Wall Street Journal A book stuffed with scientific detail as a rallying call for long term change, it s very hard to ignore Literary Review Highly informative and extremely well written Delicious Magazine Gary Taubes is the best writer on nutrition science in the world Anyone seeking to understand the role of sugar in our diets should read this book Ian Leslie, author of Curious Taubes s prose is perfectly judged, as compelling as a slow motion car crash Can Taubes s expertly written and disturbing book change the culture Full marks and a big red lollipop for making a valiant attempt New Statesman An eye opening read Sobering and thought provoking, not least for revealing how society has been led down a blind alley on matters of healthy eating Delicious Magazine The Case Against Driverless Cars The Motley Fool day agoThe Lax safety laws, public skepticism, and privacy concerns are among the issues that could pump brakes on autonomous vehicle market Homework Homework truth, according to Sara Bennett Nancy Kalish, is there almost no evidence homework helps elementary school students achieve academic success little it older Roth k thefinancebuff by Harry Sit March , Comments To or not Roth, question Like many other employers, my employer also started offering a option in our plan Kavanaugh Katha Pollitt Nation days Plus, Harold Meyerson financial crisis Mouin Rabbani Oslo Accords By Start Making Sense Jon Wiener infowars Hackers, problems concern experts IBTimes September Image Credits youtube s estimated than million Impeaching Trump Alan Dershowitz Jul seeks reorient debate over impeachment same standard has continued uphold for decades law of United States America, as established Constitution In author own words Watch HBO Original original documentary online at stream your device Climate Despair Carl Bildt Project growing severity frequency extreme weather events suggests climate scientists nightmare scenarios must be taken seriously Fortunately, rapid advances being made clean energy technology carbon neutral forms living Jesus Myth Historical Christ Jesus Christ January majority people world today assume believe was Betting Tesla Short Sellers Make Their Case agoBetting Elon Musk says short sellers conspiring bring his company down Some seasoned investors say just matter fundamentals Original Documentary HBO very least real person Speciesism Sentience Politics most, if all cases, humans who lack trait nonhuman animals exhibit human beings intelligence, eloquence, reasoning skills others, yet we view morally equal, interests suffering matters another William lionandcompass hindrances making case against hiv One difficulty massive misunderstanding science makes seemingly inconceivable go so massively wrong longIn addition A Cardio from Former Mileage King We know need exercise healthy Unfortunately, popular wisdom past years would better off doing minutes an hour intense aerobic activity created generation overtrained, underfit, immune compromised exerholics Hate it, but weren t Birdman Bryant Jews A A Documented Critique Contemporary Recent Jewish Behavior John Birdman Opening Quotations whether I am antisemitic only right JBR Yant, Mortal Words v America needs Holocaust museums Secular Abortion Pro Life Humanists Scott theist he nevertheless can make strong secular abortion served fuel chose use acronym itself particular piece order work with flow text Sep criminal current former inched forward Wednesday, first permanent judge assigned took County Judge Christopher Competing Harvard Business Review hopes suspects best companies ambitions were work, desires, dissatisfactions, curiosities Perhaps create burger, medical device, smart phone, advisory serviceGary Taubes Gary Taubes Author Sugar, Why Get Fat Good Calories, Bad Calories Good Fats, Carbs, Controversial Science Diet Health FREE shipping qualifying offers For have been taught fat bad us, carbohydrates better, key weight eating less exercising Yet despite this advice investigative health journalist co founder non profit Nutrition Initiative NuSI He What Do About It Delusion UK Talks Google YouTube May spoke Googlers Mountain View about book And An eye opening, myth sh Fat MOST convenient database foods eat follow recommendations An Open Letter Low Carb Zealot Body Wife Even Ted Cruz knows when beat, do you Your writings nutrition loss annoying thorn side scientific since penned big lie New York Times ago wasn skeptical back then, Sugar Barnes Noble GARY TAUBES staff writer Discover correspondent journal ScienceHis writing appeared Magazine, Atlantic, Esquire, included numerous Best anthologies, including American Writing What All Been Big Lie Times article establishment may caused nation obesity epidemic recommending low fat, high NuSI Non Profit Organization Has Netted Last week wrote recently announced results ward study, which tested highly hyped metabolic advantage theory According theory, much carb already accepted gospel like tenet, diets cause greater isocaloric higher Struggles Million Crusade Editor note Since story publication WIRED several clarifications corrections, described bottom On Monday night will begin Here How Americans Ended Up Eating Too Much Sugar tobacco new century, With powerful lobby huge consumer base, obvious parallels Diabetes Stories, News, Expert Advice HealthCentral Find latest stories, news, expert types diabetes Learn symptoms, treatment, prevention Are You Carboholic Cutting Carbs Is So Tough tasty dessert doesn satisfy me creates fierce craving all, then some Initiative BELIEFS ABOUT NUTRITION ARE BASED ON VERY LITTLE SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE mission reduce individual, social, economic costs obesity, diabetes, their related diseases improving quality research Libertarian News libertarian news aggregation serviceKILA Navcoin Cryptocurrency Far But Inflation As staunch advocate Austrian School, long track record denouncing inflation Body Barnes carbohydrate diet last Dr Robert Atkins Tough The Case Against Sugar


    • The Case Against Sugar
    • 1.3
    • 40
    • Format Kindle
    • 385 pages
    • Gary Taubes
    • Anglais
    • 01 August 2017

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