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ᆍ Free Download Broché [ Sénégal et Gambie ] ᆻ Book Author Katharina Kane ሒ

ᆍ Free Download Broché [ Sénégal et Gambie ] ᆻ Book Author Katharina Kane ሒ ᆍ Free Download Broché [ Sénégal et Gambie ] ᆻ Book Author Katharina Kane ሒ Histoire PRHISTOIRE ET PREMIRES SOCITS Les premires traces de socits au Sngal et en Gambie datent de l an 500 environ L un des exemples les plus saisissants des premiers tumulus est Diorom Boumag, prs de Toubacouta Sngal En Gambie de l Est, les cercles mgalithiques, comme le fameux site de Wassu, et les tumulus funraires de coquillages tmoignent d une prsence humaine prcoce dans la rgion Au cours du premier millnaire, le commerce s intensifia entre les rgions situes au nord et au sud du Sahara Le sel, l or, l argent, l ivoire et les esclaves taient les principaux biens changs Certains villages en bordure du dsert, qui tiraient profit de ces changes et finirent par les contrler , gagnrent bientt en importance, en richesse et en puissance Certains devinrent des cits tats ou, pour quelques uns, se transformrent en confdrations puissantes, dotes de structures hirarchiques et subdivises en diffrents groupes sociaux dirigeants, administrateurs, marchands, artisans, artistes, gens du peuple et prisonniers ROYAUMES ET EMPIRES L histoire prcoloniale de l Afrique occidentale fut rythme par l essor et le dclin d empires puissants, dont la structure sociale et le mlange ethnique dterminrent la vie actuelle de la rgion La puissance de ces tats, gnralement riches, dpendait du contrle qu ils avaient sur le commerce transsaharien et les combats visant tablir des positions stratgiques furent nombreux Le premier grand tat cr dans la rgion du Sngal fut l empire du Ghana Fond au Ve sicle, il connut son apoge entre le VIIIe et le XIe sicle Il couvrait alors une grande partie de l est du Sngal et de l ouest du Mali Il fut dtruit la fin du XIe sicle par les Berbres de la dynastie almoravide du Maroc et de Mauritanie , qui s installrent dans la rgion et y introduisirent l islam L empire du Tekrour, fond dans le nord du Sngal par les Toucouleur branche du groupe ethnique peul , connut son apoge aux IXe et Xe sicles Il fut rapidement islamis et devint l alli des Almoravides contre l empire du Ghana Au XIIIe sicle, Soundiata Keita, chef illustre du peuple malink, cra l empire du Mali, empire le plus important d Afrique occidentale Au XIVe sicle, son territoire s tendait des ctes de l ocan Atlantique jusqu au Niger et au Nigeria actuels, englobant ce que nous connaissons aujourd hui sous les noms de Sngal et de Gambie Il devint un centre financier et d enseignement islamique florissant La richesse de l empire fut dploye lorsqu au dbut du XIVe sicle, Mansa Musa, alors empereur du Mali, effectua un plerinage La Mecque entour de 60 000 personnes, et qu cette occasion il inonda ses htes d or. 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    • Sénégal et Gambie
    • 3.1
    • 254
    • Broché
    • 348 pages
    • 2840705524
    • Katharina Kane
    • Français
    • 04 November 2017

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