ᥑ EUR 0,00 Download ᙫ The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks For Free ᦩ Kindle By Rebecca Skloot ᦦ

ᥑ EUR 0,00 Download ᙫ The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks For Free ᦩ Kindle By Rebecca Skloot ᦦ ᥑ EUR 0,00 Download ᙫ The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks For Free ᦩ Kindle By Rebecca Skloot ᦦ PROLOGUEThe Woman in the PhotographTheres a photo on my wall of a woman Ive never met, its left corner torn and patched together with tape She looks straight into the camera and smiles, hands on hips, dress suit neatly pressed, lips painted deep red Its the late 1940s and she hasnt yet reached the age of thirty Her light brown skin is smooth, her eyes still young and playful, oblivious to the tumor growing inside hera tumor that would leave her five children motherless and change the future of medicine Beneath the photo, a caption says her name is Henrietta Lacks, Helen Lane or Helen Larson.No one knows who took that picture, but its appeared hundreds of times in magazines and science textbooks, on blogs and laboratory walls Shes usually identified as Helen Lane, but often she has no name at all Shes simply called HeLa, the code name given to the worlds first immortal human cells her cells, cut from her cervix just months before she died.Her real name is Henrietta Lacks.Ive spent years staring at that photo, wondering what kind of life she led, what happened to her children, and what shed think about cells from her cervix living on foreverbought, sold, packaged, and shipped by the trillions to laboratories around the world Ive tried to imagine how shed feel knowing that her cells went up in the first space missions to see what would happen to human cells in zero gravity, or that they helped with some of the most important advances in medicine the polio vaccine, chemotherapy, cloning, gene mapping, in vitro fertilization Im pretty sure that shelike most of uswould be shocked to hear that there are trillions of her cells growing in laboratories now than there ever were in her body.Theres no way of knowing exactly how many of Henriettas cells are alive today One scientist estimates that if you could pile all HeLa cells ever grown onto a scale, theyd weigh than 50 million metric tonsan inconceivable number, given that an individual cell weighs almost nothing Another scientist calculated that if you could lay all HeLa cells ever grown end to end, theyd wrap around the Earth at least three times, spanning than 350 million feet In her prime, Henrietta herself stood only a bit over five feet tall.I first learned about HeLa cells and the woman behind them in 1988, thirty seven years after her death, when I was sixteen and sitting in a community college biology class My instructor, Donald Defler, a gnomish balding man, paced at the front of the lecture hall and flipped on an overhead projector He pointed to two diagrams that appeared on the wall behind him They were schematics of the cell reproduction cycle, but to me they just looked like a neon colored mess of arrows, squares, and circles with words I didnt understand, like MPF Triggering a Chain Reaction of Protein Activations.I was a kid whod failed freshman year at the regular public high school because she never showed up Id transferred to an alternative school that offered dream studies instead of biology, so I was taking Deflers class for high school credit, which meant that I was sitting in a college lecture hall at sixteen with words like mitosis and kinase inhibitors flying around I was completely lost.Do we have to memorize everything on those diagrams one student yelled.Yes, Defler said, we had to memorize the diagrams, and yes, theyd be on the test, but that didnt matter right then What he wanted us to understand was that cells are amazing things There are about one hundred trillion of them in our bodies, each so small that several thousand could fit on the period at the end of this sentence They make up all our tissuesmuscle, bone, bloodwhich in turn make up our organs.Under the microscope, a cell looks a lot like a fried egg It has a white the cytoplasm thats full of water and proteins to keep it fed, and a yolk the nucleus that holds all the genetic information that makes you you The cytoplasm buzzes like a New York City street Its crammed full of molecules and vessels endlessly shuttling enzymes and sugars from one part of the cell to another, pumping water, nutrients, and oxygen in and out of the cell All the while, little cytoplasmic factories work 24 7, cranking out sugars, fats, proteins, and energy to keep the whole thing running and feed the nucleus The nucleus is the brains of the operation inside every nucleus within each cell in your body, theres an identical copy of your entire genome That genome tells cells when to grow and divide and makes sure they do their jobs, whether thats controlling your heartbeat or helping your brain understand the words on this page.Defler paced the front of the classroom telling us how mitosisthe process of cell divisionmakes it possible for embryos to grow into babies, and for our bodies to create new cells for healing wounds or replenishing blood weve lost It was beautiful, he said, like a perfectly choreographed dance.All it takes is one small mistake anywhere in the division process for cells to start growing out of control, he told us Just one enzyme misfiring, just one wrong protein activation, and you could have cancer Mitosis goes haywire, which is how it spreads.We learned that by studying cancer cells in culture, Defler said He grinned and spun to face the board, where he wrote two words in enormous print HENRIETTA LACKS.Henrietta died in 1951 from a vicious case of cervical cancer, he told us But before she died, a surgeon took samples of her tumor and put them in a petri dish Scientists had been trying to keep human cells alive in culture for decades, but they all eventually died Henriettas were different they reproduced an entire generation every twenty four hours, and they never stopped They became the first immortal human cells ever grown in a laboratory.Henriettas cells have now been living outside her body far longer than they ever lived inside it, Defler said If we went to almost any cell culture lab in the world and opened its freezers, he told us, wed probably find millionsif not billionsof Henriettas cells in small vials on ice.Her cells were part of research into the genes that cause cancer and those that suppress it they helped develop drugs for treating herpes, leukemia, influenza, hemophilia, and Parkinsons disease and theyve been used to study lactose digestion, sexually transmitted diseases, appendicitis, human longevity, mosquito mating, and the negative cellular effects of working in sewers Their chromosomes and proteins have been studied with such detail and precision that scientists know their every quirk Like guinea pigs and mice, Henriettas cells have become the standard laboratory workhorse.HeLa cells were one of the most important things that happened to medicine in the last hundred years, Defler said.Then, matter of factly, almost as an afterthought, he said, She was a black woman He erased her name in one fast swipe and blew the chalk from his hands Class was over.As the other students filed out of the room, I sat thinking, Thats it Thats all we get There has to be to the story. I followed Defler to his office.Where was she from I asked Did she know how important her cells were Did she have any children I wish I could tell you, he said, but no one knows anything about her.After class, I ran home and threw myself onto my bed with my biology textbook I looked up cell culture in the index, and there she was, a small parenthetical In culture, cancer cells can go on dividing indefinitely, if they have a continual supply of nutrients, and thus are said to be immortal A striking example is a cell line that has been reproducing in culture since 1951 Cells of this line are called HeLa cells because their original source was a tumor removed from a woman named Henrietta Lacks That was it I looked up HeLa in my parents encyclopedia, then my dictionary No Henrietta As I graduated from high school and worked my way through college toward a biology degree, HeLa cells were omnipresent I heard about them in histology, neurology, pathology I used them in experiments on how neighboring cells communicate But after Mr Defler, no one mentioned Henrietta When I got my first computer in the mid nineties and started using the Internet, I searched for information about her, but found only confused snippets most sites said her name was Helen Lane some said she died in the thirties others said the forties, fifties, or even sixties Some said ovarian cancer killed her, others said breast or cervical cancer Eventually I tracked down a few magazine articles about her from the seventies Ebony quoted Henriettas husband saying, All I remember is that she had this disease, and right after she died they called me in the office wanting to get my permission to take a sample of some kind I decided not to let them Jet said the family was angryangry that Henriettas cells were being sold for twenty five dollars a vial, and angry that articles had been published about the cells without their knowledge It said, Pounding in the back of their heads was a gnawing feeling that science and the press had taken advantage of them The articles all ran photos of Henriettas family her oldest son sitting at his dining room table in Balti, looking at a genetics textbook Her middle son in military uniform, smiling and holding a baby But one picture stood out than any other in it, Henriettas daughter, Deborah Lacks, is surrounded by family, everyone smiling, arms around each other, eyes bright and excited Except Deborah She stands in the foreground looking alone, almost as if someone pasted her into the photo after the fact Shes twenty six years old and beautiful, with short brown hair and catlike eyes But those eyes glare at the camera, hard and serious The caption said the family had found out just a few months earlier that Henriettas cells were still alive, yet at that point shed been dead for twenty five years All of the stories mentioned that scientists had begun doing research on Henriettas children, but the Lackses didnt seem to know what that research was for They said they were being tested to see if they had the cancer that killed Henrietta, but according to the reporters, scientists were studying the Lacks family to learn about Henriettas cells The stories quoted her son Lawrence, who wanted to know if the immortality of his mothers cells meant that he might live forever too But one member of the family remained voiceless Henriettas daughter, Deborah As I worked my way through graduate school studying writing, I became fixated on the idea of someday telling Henriettas story At one point I even called directory assistance in Balti looking for Henriettas husband, David Lacks, but he wasnt listed I had the idea that Id write a book that was a biography of both the cells and the woman they came fromsomeones daughter, wife, and mother I couldnt have imagined it then, but that phone call would mark the beginning of a decadelong adventure through scientific laboratories, hospitals, and mental institutions, with a cast of characters that would include Nobel laureates, grocery store clerks, convicted felons, and a professional con artist While trying to make sense of the history of cell culture and the complicated ethical debate surrounding the use of human tissues in research, Id be accused of conspiracy and slammed into a wall both physically and metaphorically, and Id eventually find myself on the receiving end of something that looked a lot like an exorcism I did eventually meet Deborah, who would turn out to be one of the strongest and most resilient women Id ever known Wed form a deep personal bond, and slowly, without realizing it, Id become a character in her story, and she in mine Deborah and I came from very different cultures I grew up white and agnostic in the Pacific Northwest, my roots half New York Jew and half Midwestern Protestant Deborah was a deeply religious black Christian from the South I tended to leave the room when religion came up in conversation because it made me uncomfortable Deborahs family tended toward preaching, faith healings, and sometimes voodoo She grew up in a black neighborhood that was one of the poorest and most dangerous in the country I grew up in a safe, quiet middle class neighborhood in a predominantly white city and went to high school with a total of two black students I was a science journalist who referred to all things supernatural as woo woo stuff Deborah believed Henriettas spirit lived on in her cells, controlling the life of anyone who crossed its paths Including me How else do you explain why your science teacher knew her real name when everyone else called her Helen Lane Deborah would say She was trying to get your attention This thinking would apply to everything in my life when I married while writing this book, it was because Henrietta wanted someone to take care of me while I worked When I divorced, it was because shed decided he was getting in the way of the book When an editor who insisted I take the Lacks family out of the book was injured in a mysterious accident, Deborah said thats what happens when you piss Henrietta off The Lackses challenged everything I thought I knew about faith, science, journalism, and race Ultimately, this book is the result Its not only the story of HeLa cells and Henrietta Lacks, but of Henriettas familyparticularly Deborahand their lifelong struggle to make peace with the existence of those cells, and the science that made them possible. 1 NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER Entertainment Weekly 1 Nonfiction Book of the Year New Yorker Reviewers FavoriteAmerican Library Association Notable Book People Top Ten Book of the Year Washington Post Book World Top Ten Book of the Year Salon.com Best Book of the Year USA Today Ten Books We Loved Reading O, The Oprah Magazine Top Ten Book of the YearNational Public Radio Best of the Bestsellers Boston Globe Best Nonfiction Book of the Year Financial Times Nonfiction Favorite Los Angeles Times Critics Pick Bloomberg Top Nonfiction New York magazine Top Ten Book of the YearSlate.com Favorite Book of the YearTheRoot.com Top Ten Book of the Year Discover magazine 2010 Must Read Publishers Weekly Best Book of the Year Library Journal Top Ten Book of the Year Kirkus Reviews Best Nonfiction Book of the Year U.S News World Report Top Debate Worthy Book Booklist Top of the ListBest Nonfiction Book New York Times Science Bestseller listI could not put the book down The story of modern medicine and bioethicsand, indeed, race relationsis refracted beautifully, and movingly Entertainment WeeklyScience writing is often just about the facts Skloots book, her first, is far deeper, braver, and wonderful New York Times Book Review The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks is a triumph of science writingone of the best nonfiction books I have ever read Wired.com A deftly crafted investigation of a social wrong committed by the medical establishment, as well as the scientific and medical miracles to which it led Washington Post Rivetinga tour de force debut Chicago Sun TimesA real life detective story, The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks probes deeply into racial and ethical issues in medicine The emotional impact of Skloots tale is intensified by its skillfully orchestrated counterpoint between two worlds NatureA jaw dropping true story raises urgent questions about race and research for progress an inspiring tale for all ages EssenceThis extraordinary account shows us that miracle workers, believers, and con artists populate hospitals as well as churches, and that even a science writer may find herself playing a central role in someone elses mythology The New YorkerHas the epic scope of Greek drama, and a corresponding inability to be easilyexplained away SFWeeklyOne of the great medical biographies of our time TheFinancial TimesLike any good scientific research, this beautifully crafted and painstakingly researched book raises nearly as many questions as it answers In a time when its fashionable to demonize scientists, Skloot generously does not pin any sins to the lapels of the researchers She just lets them be human and challenges much of what we believe of ethics, tissue ownership, and humanity ScienceIndelible The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks is a heroic work of cultural and medical journalism Laura Miller,Salon.comNo dead woman has done for the living a fascinating, harrowing, necessary book Hilary Mantel, The Guardian U.K The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks does than one book ought to be able to do Dallas Morning NewsAbove all it is a human story of redemption for a family, torn by loss, and for a writer with a vision that would not let go Boston GlobeThis remarkable story of how the cervical cells of the late Henrietta Lacks, a poor black woman,enabled subsequent discoveriesfrom the polio vaccine to in vitro fertilization is extraordinary in itself the added portrayal of Lacks s full life makes the story come alive with her humanity and the palpable relationship between race, science, and exploitation Paula J Giddings, author of Ida, A Sword Among Lions Elizabeth A Woodson 1922 Professor, Afro American Studies, Smith CollegeSkloots engaging, suspenseful book is an incredibly welcome addition for non science wonks NewsweekExtraordinary If science has exploited Henrietta Lacks Skloot is determined not to This biography ensures that she will never again be reduced to cells in a petri dish she will always be Henrietta as well as HeLa The Telegraph U.K Brings the Lacks family alive gives Henrietta Lacks another kind of immortalitythis one through the discipline of good writing Balti SunA work of both heart and mind, driven by the authors passion for the story, which is as endlessly renewable as HeLa cells Los Angeles TimesIn this gripping, vibrant book, Rebecca Skloot looks beyond the scientific marvels to explore the ethical issues behind a discovery that may have saved your life Mother JonesMore than ten years in the making, it feels like the book Ms Skloot was born to write Skloot, a young science journalist and an indefatigable researcher, writes about Henrietta Lacks and her impact on modern medicine from almost every conceivable angle and manages to make all of them fascinating a searching moral inquiry into greed and blinkered lives packed with memorable characters Dwight Garner, New York Times, Top Ten Book of 2010Astonishing .No matter how much you may know about basic biology, you will be amazed by this book The Journal of Clinical InvestigationRebecca Skloot did her job, and she did it expertly A riveting narrative that is wholly original THEROOT.COMMoving The EconomistJournalist Rebecca Skloots history of the miraculous cells reveals deep injustices in U.S medical research TIME The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks is a fascinating look at the woman whose cultured cellsthe first to grow and survive indefinitely, harvested without compensation or consenthave become essential to modern medicine Vogue The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks is a remarkable feat of investigative journalism and a moving work of narrative nonfiction that reads with the vividness and urgency of fiction It also raises sometimes uncomfortable questions with no clear cut answers about whether people should be remunerated for their physical, genetic contributions to research and about the role of profit in science National Public RadioAn indelible, marvelous story as powerful as those cells Philadelphia InquirerAs much an act of justice as one of journalism Seattle TimesA stunning book surely the definitive work on the subject The Independent U.K Graceful I cant think of a better way to capture the corrosive effects of ethical transgressions in medical research Its a heartbreaking story, beautifully rendered The LancetRead this By letting the Lackses be people, and by putting them in the center of the history, Skloot turns just another tale about the march of progress into a complicated portrait of the interaction between science and human lives BOINGBOING.NET A remarkable and moving book a vivid portrait of Lacks that should be as abiding as her cells The Times U.K I cant imagine a better tale A detective story thats at once mythically large and painfully intimate I highly recommend this book Jad Abumrad, RadiolabSkloot is a terrific popularizer of medical science, guiding readers through this dense material with a light and entertaining touch The Globe and Mail Canada A rare and powerful combination of race, class, gender,medicine, bioethics, and intellectual property far rare is the writer that can so clearly fuse those disparate threads into a personal story so rich and compelling SeedPowerful story I feel moved even to say on behalf of the thousands of anonymous black men and women whove been experimented on for medical purposes, thank you Thank you for writing this important book Kali AhsetAmen, Radio DiasporaSkloot has written an important work of immersive nonfiction that brings not only the stories of Henrietta Lacks and HeLa once into line, but also catharsis to a family in sore need of it The Times Literary SupplementA masterful work of nonfiction a real page turner Hanna Rosin, SlateSkloot explores human consequences of the intersection of science and business, rescuing one of modern medicines inadvertent pioneers from an unmarked grave US News World ReportRemarkably balanced and nonjudgmental The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks will leave readers reeling, plain and simple It has a power and resonance rarely found in any genre, and is a subject that touches each of us, whether or not we are aware of our connection to Henriettas gift The OregonianThis is the perfect book It reads like a novel but has the intellectual substance of a science textbook or a historical biography The Daily NebraskanIlluminates what happens when medical research is conducted within an unequal health care system and delivers an American narrative fraught with intrigue, tragedy, triumph, pathos, and redemption MS. A tremendous accomplishment a tale of important science history that reads like a terrific novel Kansas City StarGood science writing isnt easy, but Skloot makes it appear so The Wichita EagleEncompasses nearly every hot button issue currently surrounding the practice of medicine Madison Capital TimesDefies easy categorization as unpredictable as any pulp mystery and as strange as any science fiction Willamette WeekAn achievement navigates both the technical and deeply personal sides of the HeLa story with clarity and care The Portland Mercury A remarkable book London Review of BooksAn essential reminder that all human cells grown in labs across the world, HeLa or otherwise, came from individuals with fears, desires, and stories to tell Chemical Engineering NewsBlows away the notion that science writing must be the literary equivalent to Ambien Chicago TribuneSeldom do you read a book that is science, social history, and a page turner British Medical JournalThrilling and original nonfiction that refuses to be shoehorned into anything as trivial as a genre It is equal parts popular science, historical biography, and detective novel Ed Yong, DISCOVER.COMBest book Ive read in years Brian Sullivan, Fox Business NetworkThanks to Rebecca Skloot, we may now remember Henriettawho she was, how she lived, how she died The New RepublicWe need writers like Rebecca Skloot E.O.Wilson From the Trade Paperback edition. The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks Rebecca Skloot The on FREE shipping qualifying offers Now an HBO Film starring Oprah Winfrey and Rose Byrne NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER Her name was Skloot About Lacks, but scientists know her as HeLa She a poor black tobacco farmer whose cells taken without knowledge in became one the most important tools medicine, vital for developing polio vaccine, cloning, gene mapping, vitro fertilization, by Auto Suggestions are available once you type at least letters Use up arrow mozilla firefox browser alt down to review enter select Nudity Provides Health Benefits Your Body Brain This article should be every MD office, esp women PE coach YMCA Gym nationwide IE Golds Gym, LA Fitness etc Make public HC alone Science NetLinks To explore issue ethics medical research and, particular, informed consent, context lesson uses book, written Skloot, which is winners SBF Prize Play Night Free Vampire Games Where Games seem real Being afraid generalized human trait yet there few who don t really feel this emotion very often Summary eNotes In Prologue author describes old photograph pretty, fearless looking Rotten Tomatoes star adaptation s critically acclaimed, bestselling nonfiction book same Told through eyes daughter Are Jellyfish Deep Sea News A species jelly, Turritopsis dohrnii, able cheat death, curling into ball signaling end , only grow from its own shriveled remains immature juveniles Escaping death achieving potential immortality writes first Excerpt NAMED BY MORE THAN CRITICS AS ONE OF THE BEST BOOKS Discussion Questions Our Reading Guide includes Book Club Guide, Review, Plot Synopsis Author Bio MIDI Movie Theme Songs Video Clips I MIDI growing include movie themes both MP course format, site founded truly fun entertaining focuses movies sale videos themselves formats VHS, DVD now Blu Ray Of newer nolonger VHS many older ALEX CHIU S IMMORTALITY DEVICEENTER HERE What do think rapture Answer Ones believe shall not perish will have everlasting life Immortality Device believed allow humans stay physically young forever US PATENT ,, imporatnt inventionThe award winning writer, contributing editor Popular magazine Open Notebook How Built needs little introduction readers has been bestseller since publication February she toured Europe almost constantly then talking about issues race, science, privacy it raises also interviewed times well REBECCA SKLOOT science writer work appeared New York Times Magazine O, Discover othersShe coeditor Best American Writing worked correspondent NPR Radiolab PBS Nova ScienceNOWShe named five surprising leaders Washington Post Summary Analysis Based Smart Summaries Kindle edition Worth Books Download read your device, PC, phones or tablets features like bookmarks, note taking highlighting while reading Henrietta Wikipedia born Loretta Pleasant August October African woman cancer source cell line, immortalized line lines An reproduces indefinitely under specific conditions, continues invaluable Wikipdia Annexes Bibliographie La Vie immortelle d Paris, ditions Calmann Lvy, coll Documents, Actualits, Socit p ISBN Filmographie Way all flesh, documentaire de la BBC ralis par Adam Curtis aprs mort Mathias Thery Detroit Press Detroit largest daily newspaper Detroit, Michigan, USThe Sunday titled PressIt sometimes referred Freep reflected paper web address, freepIt primarily serves Wayne, Oakland, Macomb, Livingston, Washtenaw, Monroe counties city owned Gannett, The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks


    • The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks
    • 4.2
    • 439
    • EUR 0,00
    • 0307712508
    • Rebecca Skloot
    • Anglais
    • 21 May 2016

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