㉡ reading On Saudi Arabia: Its People, Past, Religion, Fault Lines - and Future online ꔎ Book By Karen Elliott House 곽

㉡ reading On Saudi Arabia: Its People, Past, Religion, Fault Lines - and Future online ꔎ Book By Karen Elliott House 곽 ㉡ reading On Saudi Arabia: Its People, Past, Religion, Fault Lines - and Future online ꔎ Book By Karen Elliott House 곽 CHAPTER 1FragileObserving Saudi Arabia is like watching a gymnast dismount the balance beam in slow motion As the body twists frame by frame through the air, we instinctively hold our breath to see if the hurtling gymnast will nail the landing or crash to the mat So it is with the Al Saud monarchy of Saudi Arabia.As revolutionary fervor sweeps the Middle East, the world watches with trepidation the aged princes at the head of the House of Saud struggle to maintain a precarious balance Because Saudi Arabia produces fully one of every four barrels of oil sold on the world market, what happens in this most veiled of Arab societies will affect not only the future of 19 million Saudis but also the stability and prosperity of the global economy, and it will touch the lives of every citizen in the world The stakes for all Americans are far higher here than anywhere else in the volatile Middle East After all, the United States, which imports two thirds of its oil, has gone to war twice in a period of thirteen years in no small part to ensure access to Persian Gulf oil.For nearly eighty years, a succession of Al Saud princes have traversed the balance beam, skillfully maintaining control of a deeply divided, distrustful, and increasingly dispirited populace, by cunningly exploiting those divisions, dispensing dollops of oil money, and above all, bending religion to serve Al Saud political needs This ruling family never promised democracyand still doesnt Nor does it bother with sham elections to present the appearance of legitimacy, as do so many other Arab regimes The Al Saud believe they have an asset powerful than the ballot box they have Allah.Nearly three hundred years ago, when Arabia was nothing but harsh desert inhabited by wild and warring tribes, Muhammad al Saud, leader of one such tribe, discovered a magic lamp in the person of Muhammad ibn Abd al Wahhab, a fundamentalist Islamic scholar bent on imposing on Arabia his version of the pure Islam of the Prophet Muhammad a millennium earlier So fanatical was this preacher that by the time the two men met, Abd al Wahhab was fleeing for his life, having destroyed the tomb of one of the Prophets companions and stoned to death a woman accused of adultery in a public display of his Islamic fervor None of this bothered Muhammad al Saud He saw in the preachers call for Islamic jihad the opportunity to use religion to trump his tribal enemies and conquer Arabia Sure enough, the Al Saud sword, wielded in the name of religion rather than mere tribal conquest, proved triumphant The first Saudi state was declared in 1745 Arabia has been under the sway of the Al Saudand their religious partnersoff and on ever since, with the most recent Saudi state established in 1932 by the current kings father, Abdul Aziz bin Al Saud.Over all those years, religion has been a pillar of strength, steadying the Al Saud atop the kingdom that bears their name To this day, the monarchy justifies its rule by claiming to personify, protect, and propagate the one true religion The Saudi monarch styles himself as Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, a unique title intended to convey his spiritual leadership of all Islam King, after all, is a temporal and rather common title.These days, however, the old magic of divide and conquer, the majesty of appropriated religion, and even the soothing balm of money, lots of money, are not enough to blind a new generation of Saudis to the decay rotting the very foundations of their society and threatening their future and that of their children Islam as preached is not practiced Jobs are promised but not delivered Corruption is rampant, entrapping almost every Saudi in a web of favors and bribes large and small, leaving even the recipients feeling soiled and resentful Powerful and powerless alike are seeking to grab whatever they can get, turning a society governed by supposedly strict Sharia law into an increasingly lawless one, where law is whatever the king or one of his judges says it isor people feel they can get away with.All of this is widely known to Saudis For the first time, the Internet allows the young generation70 percent of Saudis are under thirty years of age, with than 60 percent age twenty or youngerto know what is taking place at home and abroad These young people are aware of government inefficiency and princely corruption, and of the fact that 40 percent of Saudis live in poverty and at least 60 percent cannot afford a home They know that nearly 40 percent of Saudi youth between twenty and twenty four are unemployed, at the very age when most men would like to marry if only they could afford the bride price They know that 90 percent of all employees in the private sector of their economy are imported foreign workers, whom business owners, often including Al Saud princes, exploit for low wages Saudis, undereducated and often indolent, sit idly by rather than work for what they regard as slave wages doing menial jobs If all too many Saudi men who could work do not, even educated Saudi women who want to work often cannot The female half of the Saudi population remains sheltered, subjugated, and frustrated.Saudis hear their minister of labor say the kingdom must create two hundred thousand well paying jobs every year until 2030 to sop up the currently unemployed Saudi men leave aside women and provide work for wave after wave of young men who will enter the labor market over the next two decades Yet it is no secret to Saudis that in each of the past five years, the government has created only about fifty thousand new jobs, and that the 2.5 million jobs created by private industry over that period have gone overwhelmingly to foreigners.All this they know, and now share with each other through social media These young Internet savvy Saudis are breaching the walls that have been so carefully constructed and maintained over decades by the regime to keep Saudis separated and distrustful of those outside their family or tribe, to ensure their near total dependence on Al Saud protection and largesse Stability recently coupled with the promise of prosperity in exchange for loyalty was for most of the last three hundred years the social contract binding the people to their Al Saud rulers But no longer These days young Saudis compare their lives with those of contemporaries in neighboring Gulf states and elsewhere, and that comparison leaves many of them humiliated and embittered All too many of these young Saudis know they are living third world lives in a country that has than 400 billion in foreign reserves and, in recent years, annual oil revenue in excess of 200 billion Yet the government fails to provide basic services like quality education, health care, or even proper sewage and drainage to protect from floods.And things just keep happening to stoke anger and forge bonds among the young In January 2011, as Cairo was erupting in revolution, the kingdoms second largest city, Jeddah, flooded for the second time in little than a year in a deluge of rainwater and sewage For decades corrupt businessmen and bureaucrats had stolen billions of dollars allocated for construction of a proper sewage and drainage system, leaving the city vulnerable to floods of sewage polluted rainwater The first flood, in 2009, killed than 120 people, displaced another 22,000, and destroyed 8,000 homes King Abdullah promised never again, yet in less than fourteens months, once again Jeddah was drowning Young Saudis using Facebook and Twitter helped stranded citizens find safety and shelter when authorities were scarcely seen Hang your head, you are a Saudi, one angry youth posted on the Internet, a cynical reversal of a favorite royal admonition to the young to Hold your head high You are a Saudi Another depicted the Saudi national emblemtwo swords crossed over a palm treeas two mops crossed atop a stack of buckets Even the generally respected monarch, King Abdullah, was the target of unprecedented criticism for such a visible failure to deliver on his previous promise His photo was posted on the Internet with a giant red X and the words, Why do you give them all this power when they all are thieves The Internet, and the power of knowledge that it provides to Saudis, may be the biggest threat to the Al Saud, but it is not the only one If Saudi citizens increasingly are in touch, their rulers are increasingly out of touch King Abdullah, eighty nine, generally popular for his effort to make at least modest reforms, is seen as isolated by his retainers and, at any rate, was slowed by age and serious back surgery in 2010 and again in 2011 Despite his age and infirmities, the king has largely governed without a crown prince since taking the monarchys mantle in 2005 because Sultan, eighty four, was suffering from cancer and Alzheimers and finally died in October 2011 The new crown prince, Nayef, is seventy seven and said to be ailing from diabetes and poor circulation that leave him unable to walk unaided much of the time.After them No one knows What scares many royals and most ordinary Saudis is that the succession, which historically has passed from brother to brother, soon will have to jump to a new generation of princes That could mean that only one branch of this family of some seven thousand princes will have power, a prescription for potential conflict as thirty four of the thirty five surviving lines of the founders family could find themselves disenfranchised Saudis know from history that the second Saudi state was destroyed by fighting among princes Older Saudis vividly recall how this third and latest Saudi state was shaken by a prolonged power struggle between the founders two eldest sons after his death in 1953.Todays Saudi Arabia is reminiscent of the dying decade of the Soviet Union, when one aged and infirm Politburo chief briefly succeeded anotherfrom Brezhnev to Andropov to Chernenkobefore Gorbachev took power with reform policies that proved too little too late They keep dying on me, Ronald Reagan famously said of the four Soviet leaders he dealt with in less than three years The next U.S president almost surely will have the same experience with ailing Saudi rulers.Beyond all this, religion, once a pillar of stability, has become a source of division among Saudis Many Saudis, both modernists and religious conservatives, are offended by the Al Sauds exploitation of religion to support purely political prerogatives The accommodating flexibility of religious scholars is eroding the legitimacy of both the Al Saud and their religious partners in power Saudis hear religious scholars condemning infidels in the sacred land of the Prophet, yet they recall that the religious hierarchy obediently approved the presence of U.S troops when the king needed them to confront Saddam Hussein in 1990 The scholars similarly condemn any mixing of men and women and deploy their religious police to enforce this ban on ordinary Saudis, but they acquiesced in 2009, when the king opened a richly endowed university where Saudi men and women mix with each other and with foreign infidels And of course, they have long accepted all sorts of heresies, including movie theaters and women driving at the large compound of Saudi ARAMCO, the national oil company, which almost alone produces the funds that fill the kingdoms treasury Sin in the company that funds the kingdomincluding privileges for the religious establishmentapparently is permissible.The modernizers see this and whisper to each other that if the Al Saud can manipulate the religious when it suits their interests, why not press religious authorities to permit change rapidly For their part, religious fundamentalists feel betrayed by both the religious establishment and the Al Saud putting their mutual interest in power and money ahead of the word of Allah We are hypocrites tricking each other, lying to each other as the government has taught us, laments one devout imam We are not Islamic.For all their frustrations, most Saudis do not crave democracy To conservative Saudis, especially the many devoutly religious, the idea of men making laws rather than following those laid down by Allah in the Koran is antithetical and unthinkable More modern and moderate Saudis, aware the Al Saud have banned any political and most all social organizations even down to something as apolitical as photography clubs, fear that without Al Saud rule, the country would face tribal, regional, and class conflictor rule by religious zealots With seventy thousand mosques spread across the kingdom, only the religious are an organized force moderates fear that power inevitably would be seized by the most radical Whatever lies in Saudi Arabias future, it is not democracy.What unites conservatives and modernizers, and young and old, is a hunger not for freedom but for justice for genuine rule of law, not rule by royal whim They want a government that is transparent and accountable, one that provides standard services such as are available in far less wealthy societies good education, jobs, affordable housing, and decent health care Saudis of all sorts resent having to beg princes for favors to secure services that should be a public right They also want to be allowed to speak honestly about the political and economic issues that affect their lives Yet when a conservative professor of religion at Imam University, the cornerstone of religious education in the kingdom, dared to suggest on the Internet that Saudis be permitted to take public their pervasive private discussions on royal succession, he was jailed.The country fundamentally is a family corporation Call it Islam Inc The board of directors, some twenty senior religious scholars who theoretically set rules for corporate behavior, are handpicked by the Al Saud owners, can be fired at royal whim, and have nothing to say about who runs the company Al Saud family members hold all the key jobs, not just at the top but right down through middle management, even to regional managers The governors of all thirteen Saudi provinces are princes At the bottom of the company, ordinary employees are poorly paid and even poorly trained because management doesnt want initiative that might threaten its control Imagine working for a company where you cant aspire even to a regional management position, let alone influence those who control the company that determines your livelihood and your childrens future Not surprisingly, the Saudi employees of such a stultifying company are sullen, resentful, and unmotivated Most feel no pride in their country but focus on getting even with their overlords by chiseling on their expense accounts and showing up late for workin effect, by grabbing what they can get from their corporate masters And given the widespread Saudi cynicism over the unholy alliance of profligate princes and pliable religious leaders, it is not surprising that many Saudis see the kingdom not as Islam Inc but rather as Un Islam Inc.All this raises the question Can the Al Saud regime reform in time to save itself Are the royal princes capable of curbing corruption, improving government efficiency, and permitting people honestly to express themselves on taboo topics like religion, the role of women, and the royal family Can they abandon a history of divide and conquerof exploiting deep religious, tribal, regional, and gender divisionsand recog nize that those divisions now threaten rather than enhance Al Saud survival If so, can they begin to help Saudis bridge divides and reach a consensus that allows the kingdom to move forward, rather than flounder in perpetual checkmate Or will the House of Saud prove to be a house of cards If we do not share responsibility and create action, we will face stagnation or catastrophe, says Prince Saud bin Abdul Mohsin, a grandson of the founder and one of thirteen royal provincial governors This family has delivered for people in the past But if we cant do it now, they will not see the need for the family.Revealing and impressively reported House s 30 plus years experience in one of the least accessible countries makes us see, hear, and experience Saudi Arabia like a local.Tina Brown, The Daily Beast, Favorite Books of 2012A deeply reported look at an increasingly complicated and fragile society The Kansas City StarVery few books about Saudi Arabia will chill the reader as artfully as Karen Elliott Houses smart and eloquent On Saudi Arabia straightforward and utterly trenchant Provocative, rich with insight a must read San Francisco ChronicleDrawing on thirty years of research and reporting House skillfully unveils this inscrutable place for regional specialists and general readers alike The New York Times Book ReviewA well written expos an unblemished and objective assessment of the Saudi worldview provides creative insights into how best to engage the Saudis in a productive dialogue The Huffington PostFascinating House s exploration of the inner workings of Saudi society adds considerable weight to her assertions that the problems of succession, the decline of oil reserves, and a population with limited opportunities for employment or self fulfillment are potential powder kegs an important book that offers insights into the kingdom s fault lines, as well as gentle suggestions for a positive diplomacy that encourages modest reforms.Rachel Newcomb, The Washington PostHouse is one of the wiliest and most determined newspaperwomen of her generation a gem of reporting on one of the hardest stories to crack illuminating masterful.Seth Lipsky, The New York SunWell researched, informative succeeds in capturing the diversity of Saudi society, painting a complex picture than the caricature of oil wells and extreme wealth KirkusIn her definitive book On Saudi Arabia, Karen House demonstrates an unparalleled understanding of the dynamics of Saudi society Her extraordinary access to Saudis from all walks of life and her keen insights into the impact of Islam and the governing style of the ruling family on the lives of Saudi citizens greatly enrich the readers understanding of this significant Middle Eastern country Senator Susan Collins Maine , Ranking Member of the Senate Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental AffairsEntertaining and lucidly drawn unique in that it mostly avoids the shallow analysis of instant experts, while also forgoing the jargon and sometimes incomprehensible theorizing of academic texts a vivid and rarely seen picture of this closed state eloquent and timely Presenting these issues in a readable yet serious book is a rare feat indeed, and House should be commended for it The New RepublicAn engaging and lucid exploration of Saudi politics and culture recommended reading for all those seeking a new perspective on one of the worlds most consequential societies.Henry A KissingerThe internal contradictions of a medieval theocracy in thrall to modern day petrocapitalism give Pulitzer Prize winning journalist House ample material Illuminating cogently written Publishers WeeklyAn incisive analysis of divisive dynamics inside the worlds most important supplier of oil House asks hard questions about the future of Saudi Arabia.Graham Allison, Director of the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard UniversityA new and different view of Saudi Arabia from the ground up that offers a valuable assessment of where the kingdom is and where it might go A stimulating and worthwhile read.George P ShultzKaren House s On Saudi Arabia is a book that future Saudi leaders should read carefully It exposes incisively and dispassionately the social contradictions and the potential political vulnerabilities of contemporary Saudi Arabia.A timely and truly important book.Zbigniew Brzezinski Saudi Arabia The New York Times Dec , Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, bordered by Jordan, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates, Oman and Yemen, is an oil rich nation that World Guardian Mohammed bin Salman widely blamed for journalist s murder, with three different measures being considered Senate Arab News Worldwide Latest Breaking Updates Established in based Middle East newspaper record biggest English language daily Women rights Wikipedia anthropology archaeology architecture art criticism literary film theory biology composition studies criminology pathways perspective economics DXN Dubai dxnarabia DXN Company Overview was founded Dato Dr Lim Siow Jin, a graduate from prestigious Indian Institute Technology started business quest benefits mushroom on human health Newspapers newspapers information local issues, politics, events, celebrations, people Looking accommodation, shopping, bargains weather then this place to start Information about holidays, vacations, resorts, real estate property together finance, stock market investments reports also look theater, movies, culture, entertainment The Death Penalty Arabia death penalty laws how they are applied, including row execution numbers, eligible crimes, methods execution, appeals clemency, availability lawyers, prison conditions, ratification international instruments, recent developments becomes first country grant citizenship Sophia android addressed Future Investment Initiative Riyadh yesterday delight hundreds delegates Courtesy FII Living Expat Living This website dedicated all those expatriates working living kingdom On Its People, Past, Religion, Fault Lines Karen Eliott House analysis colorful, authoritative, startling its conclusions Among strengths examination troubled American Ally experience she gained several years over two decades, her use interviews lend depth interest theses National Portal Main eGovernment unique electronic full services, Government organization, Rules Regulations, Agrees Let Women Drive Sep announced Tuesday it would allow women drive, ending longstanding policy has become global symbol oppression Center Democracy Human Rights CDHR Center CDHR, Washington DC December CDHR Analysis Commentaries Country Turmoil teachsaudi Find Teaching Jobs TeachSaudi exclusive headquarters teaching jobs traveling, living, Our site features ESL, EFL, English, College University, K Training here we provide you tools resources necessary making transition expats locals Literature Children literature Effects society Equality Female education genital mutilation Femicide Feminism culture Feminist movement Freedom religion Islamic theocratic absolute monarchy which Sunni Islam official state firm Sharia law non Muslims not allowed hold No requires citizens be Muslim, but many foreign whose beliefs deemed conform government interpretation must LONDON A humanoid robot took stage at had amusing exchange host Smartphones were held aloft On Elliott FREE shipping qualifying offers With thirty writing Pulitzer Prize winning reporter former publisher Wall Street Journal unprecedented knowledge life inside shrouded Savage Savage Petroleum Coke Sulphur Services Refineries joint venture company between Companies Salt Lake City, Utah, USA Natuzzi Italia world best known furniture brand, designing sofas, chairs, tables, beds create harmony throughout homeElliott Oyster Photos Reviews reviews Legit happy hour Check Cute locale Friendly staff Half check Came HH just after ish Believe their HHs run pm M F diff pricing increments oyster selection prices Karen Black Blanche ne Ziegler July August actress, screenwriter, singer, songwriter She rose prominence work various independent films received numerous accolades career, Golden Globe Award nominations, won, as well Academy nomination Best Supporting Chen born figure skaterShe US national champion won bronze medals ISU Challenger Series events NationalsShe placed th Championships, helping Team secure berths Winter Olympics Figure Skating Championships Hunter Show BOOK MAVEN As head Books KHB imprint Simon Schuster, published Times bestseller True You pop icon Janet Jackson, bestselling Kris Jenner All Things Kardashian Jenner, Mama Dearest late E Lynn Harris RNC Official Who Agreed Pay Playboy Model Apr official, Broidy, quit amid news deal he struck woman who became pregnant during affair payout arranged President Trump lawyer Michael D Cohen Towers High School Memorial Page Dean TOWERS HIGH SCHOOL MEMORIAL MEMORY PAGE FOR OUR TITANS CLASSMATES located Ted Jones Capricorn One Gould, James Brolin In order protect reputation space program, team scientists stages phony Mars landing Willingly participating deception trio meaning astronauts, liabilities when capsule reported lost re entry Penguin USA home Penguin USA, publishers fiction, nonfiction, classics, children books Quigley Down Under IMDb Directed Wincer Tom Selleck, Laura San Giacomo, Alan Rickman, Chris Haywood Sharpshooter Matt Quigley hired Wyoming Australian rancher paying very high price But arrives Under, seems Organic Homemade Chicken Feed Homestead When found out d getting chickens upon our arrival Washington, I began researching organic homemade chicken feed options It no doubt convenient pick up scratch or pelleted formula store, really wanted primarily Some my favorite quotes Conal page Some We ascribe beauty simple superfluous parts exactly answers end stands related Capricorn Peter Hyams Brolin, Brenda Vaccaro, Sam Waterston NASA mission t work, funding endangered, so decide fake once have keep secret Kanye West Pictures CelebrityHousePictures Kanye Satellite view photos CelebrityHousePictures house Los Angeles CA homes singer He Kim purchased square foot Bel Air Crest Speakers arconference Animal Conference largest longest running animal gathering Discography Is Not Homepage BURT BACHARACH SELECTED DISCOGRAPHY Davide Bonori, October Bonori compiled following chronological selected discography Bacharach recordings On Saudi Arabia: Its People, Past, Religion, Fault Lines - and Future


    • On Saudi Arabia: Its People, Past, Religion, Fault Lines - and Future
    • 2.1
    • 97
    • Format Kindle
    • 322 pages
    • Karen Elliott House
    • Anglais
    • 09 January 2016

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