≳ Read Hijacking the Runway: How Celebrities Are Stealing the Spotlight from Fashion Designers online free download ⡆ Book Author Teri Agins ⢸

≳ Read Hijacking the Runway: How Celebrities Are Stealing the Spotlight from Fashion Designers online free download ⡆ Book Author Teri Agins ⢸ ≳ Read Hijacking the Runway: How Celebrities Are Stealing the Spotlight from Fashion Designers online free download ⡆ Book Author Teri Agins ⢸ Billion Dollar Babe Jessica Simpson and the New Age of CelebrityOn a March 2012 episode of Fashion Star, the Tuesday night NBC reality show competition featuring unknown designers, celebrity judge Jessica Simpson asked a contestant named Nicholas why his designs had so many zippers A smug Nicholas told Simpson that if she only understood fashion forward menswear trends, she would get it, adding, Its very hard to understand the girls giving advice about mens fashion.But Simpson, whose fast growing namesake fashion label was becoming the millennial generations answer to Liz Claiborne, wasnt having it She snapped back Im a little bit offended Not a little bit, a lot of bit To talk down to a woman in this business Were running the world right now, okay Im trying to help She added, chuckling, I really kind of want to hit you across the face right now.Her smackdown drew cheers from the TV audience as Simpson, the face behind her billion dollar fashion brand, kept smiling.Who could ever have imagined fifteen years earlier that this former teen backup singer from the outskirts of Dallas would have grown up to become a mainstream force in American fashion, with a footprint in European countries like Greece and Spain as well The Virgin BrideSimpsons odyssey as a tastemaker had begun in 1997, when the newly signed Sony Music artist met Rachel Zoe, perhaps the most important of the many newcomers who soon would begin entering Simpsons dramatically changing life Zoe was one of a new breed of Hollywood image makers known as stylists, who were essentially well paid fashion fixers, using good taste and designer connections to give their clients arresting, individual looks In order to have a shot at pop stardom, Simpson would need such a makeover So Tommy Mottola, the CEO of Sony Music, introduced Zoe and Jessica She was seventeen, Zoe remembered to me in 2012 She came to me with peroxide long hair and long nails She couldnt have been adorable She didnt take herself too seriously.Simpson was coming of age as a child of MTV and VH1 videos in the fast paced era when entertainers started to worry about their on camera close ups as much as their singing voices and acting talents They were particularly attentive to style and to fashion detailing They had little choice In the final years of the twentieth century, a convergence of media, social, and marketing trends were evolving a celebrity centric culture, producing a perpetual parade of famous and infamous charactersbona fide and contrivedthat fed a willing publics burgeoning fixation on living vicariously.The ubiquitous images of celebrities invaded our homes They entered our personal spaces on the covers of every magazine and on all our screens computer, cell phone, and wall to wall reality TV The sheer volume of the exposure was punctuated by the Instagram immediacy of social media, which boosted celebrity scrutiny exponentially An orgy of year round celebrity self celebration ensued The Oscars, Grammys, Golden Globes, Emmys, Video Music Awards, Cannes and Sundance film festivals, and assorted red carpet events fueled celebrity worship for an insatiable global audience Paparazzi armed with 200 mm lenses stalked in the bushes, recording the most unguarded private moments of celebrity prey, spilling every indiscretionwhether they were closet smokers, who they dated, and how good or bad they looked at a gallery opening, coming from the gym, or on vacation at the beach.Increasingly, the focus was on what celebrities wore Of all the things we worshipped in our favorite celebritiesbeauty, charm, wit, talentby far the easiest thing to emulate was their clothes No matter how much we wanted to be like Mike, we werent going to acquire a forty eight inch vertical leap But we damn well could buy a pair of Air Jordan sneakers.Jessica Simpson managed to insert herself at the forefront of such celebrity tastemaking right as the great wave was forming Simpson was pretty to begin with The nubile Texan had great legs, gleaming, TV ready teeth, and big boobs Natural double Ds, Joe Simpson, Jessicas father and manager and a former Baptist minister, shamelessly bragged to everybody That was enough to get her noticed When her fledgling singing career flagged just as reality TV was taking off, MTV executives bought into Joe Simpsons initial proposal, that Jessica, twenty threejust married to Nick Lachey, twenty nine, a member of boy band 98 Degreescould do a reality show modeled after The Osbournes, the MTV reality hit featuring the family of heavy metal rocker Ozzy Osbourne.In 2003, Newlyweds Nick Jessica debuted on MTV, following the pop singing couple at the start of their married life The hook of the show was the positioning of Jessica as a virgin bride, playing the innocence of the preachers daughter.The first show took place inside the couples new Los Angeles home, six months after their wedding They were eating in front of the TV when Jessica posed a simple question that would forever typecast her as the proverbial dumb blonde.Jessica stabbed her fork into a chunk in her salad bowl and asked, Is this chicken, what I have, or is this fish I know its tuna, but it says Chicken by the Sea Ha huh, is that stupid An incredulous Nick explained, Chicken of the Sea is the brand You know, a lot of people eat tuna the way they like to eat chicken.Jessica mumbled sheepishly, Ohhhh I understand now I read it wrong.TV watchers snickered at her ignorancewas she for real Yet the plainspoken Jessica was getting overas an unpretentious, likeable, and very hot looking babe Newlyweds thus evolved into one of those quirky hitsso watchable because, apart from how attractive they looked, Nick and Jessica were refreshingly regular. The mindless thirty minute show went down easy it was like peering through a keyhole into a Middle America fairy tale.When they were The Newlyweds Nick Lachey and Jessica Simpson circa 2005. Newlyweds ran for forty episodes through 2005, building a cult MTV following, as young viewers tuned in to catch Jessicas latest anticsand watch her be scolded and swept into the arms of her romantic husband, like a blonde Lucy Ricardo As the eye candy and comic relief of the show, Jessica soon had millions of eyeballs locked on her every move and every curve.But unschooled beauty wouldnt be enough to hold up under that kind of scrutiny This gospel singing, churchgoing young woman lacked a cosmopolitan edge.Thats why years before she was on TV, Jessica needed Zoe, and she needed fashion with a capital F But no one could have guessed back then that over the next decade, fashion would need Jessica Simpson.Rachel Zoes simple transformation of Jessica from bumpkin to fashion icon mutated into a new reality, where the clotheshorse became the rider, a fashion authority every bit as respected as the stylist.I worked hard with Jessica, recalled Zoe She is the all American girl She was open to playing with her image We fought hard to keep her fresh and pretty and modern and fashionable She had a very classy image, a very beautiful image, and the fans worshipped her.In the music world the standard formula was sexyskintight, short minidresses But Jessica didnt want that image So Zoe took another approach We did a lot of peasant dresses, white eyelet tops, and really great denim shorts, and great jeans, says Zoe She looked so beautiful in a simple white top and jeans She is the most beautiful in her natural state.Rail thin, with long, center parted, wavy blonde hair, Zoe, born in 1971, had begun her career in the early 1990s after graduating from George Washington University, as a fashion assistant and editor at teen fashion bible YM magazine, where she styled models and celebrities like the Backstreet Boys for photo spreads Zoes own eclectic wardrobea mlange of furry vests, vintage trinkets, and the long, hippie day dressesgave her a signature 70s vibe She rolled around town with New York swaggerso self possessed in her huge sunglasses, gesturing with an armload of bangle bracelets Her clients included people like Nicole Richie, Mischa Barton, and Keira Knightley.Hollywood stylist Rachel Zoe helped Jessica Simpson develop her signature style.Zoe would become a fixture in Jessicas retinue Indeed, professional fashion fixers like Zoe, Phillip Bloch, and Jessica Paster had suddenly found themselves in the vanguard of Hollywoods hottest professionstylistsa career that hadnt even existed before the 1990s They were among the most enterprising former magazine editors and design assistants who worked their connections to corral exquisite designer gowns and diamond baubles on loanas well as procure the trendiest jeans, leather jackets, and all the fashion trimmings of everyday living Initially they toiled behind the scenes the savviest stylists usually didnt dress and tell Their discretion permitted stars to claim credit for having such great taste, for looking so hip, cool, and pulled together, as stylist Wayne Scot Lukas told me in 1998 For working their fashion magic on celebrities, the stylists back then began earning around 1,500 towhen movie studios footed the bill 6,000 a day and up.Meanwhile, as Newlyweds wound to a close in 2005, Jessica now had something valuable than a good voice a hot image to take to the big screen in a hurry But the dumb blonde persona meant that she made her Hollywood debut in a C movie The Dukes of Hazzardas Daisy Duke, with some forgettable cameos dressed in butt flashing short shorts and a bikini She and her attire make equally brief appearances, the Hollywood Reporter smirked.Yet a funny thing had happened during Simpsons Newlyweds run All those intrepid photographers who made their living shooting famous people and their fashions hadnt been able to get enough of Jessica Simpson And millions of fans gobbled her up.When they saw her looking adorable in a midriff top or Daisy Duke cutoffs and boots, they didnt think of the stylist who might have put together that outfit or the designer who created it To them, the look was pure Jessica Simpson.This wasnt lost on Los Angeles fashion company CEO Gerard Guez of Tarrant Apparel Group Guez was one of the owners of the 1970s designer jeans sensation Sasson Jeans launched by his older brother Paul with their Oo la la TV commercial slogan Guez keenly sensed that the winds of fashion were blowing in a new direction away from the runways in New York and Paris and Milan and straight toward Hollywood He wasted no time, racing ahead of other apparel makers to sign Jessica Simpson to launch a new jeans collection, starting at 49, aimed at her fans.Jessica was no fashion designer, but she didnt have to be She wouldnt have to create the look or do the heavy lifting In her licensing contract with Tarrant, she was basically responsible for being the public face of her namesake brand, for a minimum guaranteed royalty payment of 4 million in the first year, Guez told me.While Guez was pivotal as Jessicas launchpad into fashion, she would soon leave Tarrant behind as she soared to unexpected heights.By 2012, her cursive Jessica Simpson signature would become a coveted label at stores like Macys, for the trendiest platform shoes and handbags, sporty dresses, off the shoulder tops, and denim cutoffstwenty two product categories and counting that pulled in 1 billion in retail revenue a year, according to the Camuto Group Her estimated annual cut of the booty probably than 20 million Not bad, reflecting how her brand had mushroomed into a well oiled fashion machine like any other on Seventh Avenue, using design teams and marketing experts enlisted to interpret Jessicas trendy look.Jessicas inventive take on the lace trimmed tops, zip front jumpsuits, bustier maxi dresses, and her famous wardrobe of high heeled boots, were the building blocks of the look that Rachel Zoe helped her hone over the years When teen shoppers headed to the mall, they asked for you know, those Jessica Simpsonstyle boots As for the booty, well that was Jessicas In 2005, in a People magazine survey of 80,000 readers, Jessica Simpsons shapely rear outpolled the most famous butts in the business Jennifer Lopezs and Beyoncs She could WEAR those tight jeansand her fans lusted for them too.Riding the Wave of Blurred LinesBrands matter than everthe consumer perceives greater value, higher quality, and greater statusbut the definition of brands has broadened immensely, said Richard Jaffe, an analyst who follows retail stocks for Stifel, Nicolaus Company He told me in 2012, A brand can be a fashion designer who has been making high quality merchandise for a long time, or it can also be Alex Rodriguez or Donald Trump A celebritys name on a label effectively fast tracks a new fashion brandshaving off as much as ten years to develop widespread recognition.Its not just Jessica Simpson Brands like The Row by Mary Kate and Ashley Olsen, Victoria Beckham, Tory Burch, Donald Trump, Air Jordan by Michael Jordan, Sean John by Sean Combs, Selena Gomez, Carlos Santana, and Daisy Fuentes are increasingly outstripping those of traditional fashion designers.This is the brave new world we find ourselves in, one where the lines between celebrity and fashion designer have become blurred How we got hereand what this means for the future of fashionwill be the story that unfolds in this book.We start where else but in Paris.Chapter OneOld Hollywood and the Roots of Fashions Celebrity ObsessionsFashion designers came into being in the nineteenth century, because the emperor of France wanted a trophy wife.In 1858, Napolon III hired an innovative English tailor, Charles Frederick Worth, to create a magnificent wardrobe suitable for the new age of mass mediafor his beautiful young wife, Eugnie.Thus, the blue eyed redhead, Empress Eugnie, became the worlds first supermodel As she carried out her public duties, she became a celebrity iconand a walking advertisement for Worths exquisite creations, like his bustle gowns, which rendered all those cumbersome hoopskirts of the era obsolete Worth painstakingly confected one hundred innovative new gowns for her to wear for the official opening of the Suez Canal in Egypt in 1869 Her appearances at the great State balls, the intimate receptions at the Tuileries, the races at Longchamp served the same function as todays runway fashion shows, wrote historian Olivier Corteaux Drawings of Eugnie were displayed in shop windows across Europe and America, as legions of well to do women started wearing her signature empress blue, and her lImperatrice coiffure.The talented Mr Worthwho was said to have taught himself the art of dressmaking by studying portraits at the National Gallery in Londondeftly parlayed his invaluable Eugnie connection into a lucrative branding opportunity Worth attached his signature and the royal crest to his creations, inventing the first fashion label sewn in clothes He would be heralded as the preferred dressmaker of the crowned heads of Austria, Italy, and Russia.Worth was the father of fashion, observes Pamela Golbin, chief curator of the Muse de la Mode et du Textile at the Louvre in Paris He invented fashion shows he invented seasonal collections and fashion modelsand most importantly, he invented the persona of a designer as an artist, she says, as he posed in a jaunty beret and affected a painterly pose in his best known portrait.Empress Eugnie of France 18261920 , by Franz Xaver Winterhalter, 1854.Worths Eugnie moment begins the symbiosis between fashion designers and celebrities, which established the very foundation on which high fashion was built.As for Napolon III, his trophy wife along with his mistresses, who Worth diplomatically outfitted at the same time amounted to far than arm candy, for the emperor shrewdly accomplished his foremost commercial motive triggering the demand for all the homegrown silk textiles, embroideries, and finery that France would come to export throughout Europe, as fashion grew to become the second largest industry in France.Paris dazzled as the fashion capital of the world, where discerning rich women bought the best expensive, one of a kind, handmade ensembles created by the legendary haute couturiers, including Worth, Jeanne Lanvin, Paul Poiret, Jean Patou, Madeleine Vionnet, Elsa Schiaparelli, and Coco Chanel Such fashion houses assiduously courted celebrity clientsEuropean royalty and American socialites and stage actresseswhose photographs would circulate in the womens pages in newspapers and the leading fashion magazines, which were Harpers Bazaar and Vogue.Hollywood Calling A Fashion ExtravaganzaCountesses and society hostesses were fine as far as they went, but there was a new kind of celebrity, a fast lane, higher wattage form flickering on an ever increasing number of screens around the world As motion pictures pulled in millions of starstruck fans from all levels of society, the beautiful people who appeared larger than life in those dark theaters and looked better in their clothes than anyone sitting in the cheap seats became a new kind of ideal.A collision of old fashion icons and new was inevitable The Hollywood movie studios and the Paris fashion establishment ultimately locked horns in 1929 The stock market suddenly droppedand so did hemlinesleaving Hollywood movies set to be released featuring actresses in straight flapper dresses instead of the newest midcalf to ankle length day dresses with fitted waistlines, just introduced in Paris by Chanel, Schiaparelli, and Lanvin.The now dated flapper fashions just wouldnt fly with discerning moviegoers who paid twenty five cents apiece to be entertained with the latest, wrote Edith Head and Paddy Calistro in Edith Heads Hollywood.The imperious movie moguls werent about to forgive and forget Their solution Establish Hollywood, not Paris, as the fashion capital of the world They banned French couture from the movies, as the studio costume departments took over producing original designs for all actresses Head and Calistro wrote The studios were determined never again to be at the mercy of a small group of fey French designers.The movie publicists launched a full court press, promoting every major picture as a fashion extravaganza, while courting influential fashion editors and gossip columnists, all to establish Hollywoods chic new image Studio costume designers also whipped up offscreen wardrobes for actresses who were hot on the social circuitensuring they would always be photographed in fashions that conformed to what was shown in the movies It worked The exotic Dorothy Lamour was costumed by Edith Head in her movie roles as a South Sea island beauty The sarong dress became Dorothy Lamours trademark and everybody talked about it, remembered costume designer Bob Mackie, who worked under Head at Paramount Edith used to come on Art Linkletters radio program and tell the ladies what to wear.Throughout the 1930s and well into the 1950s, dressmakers, furriers, milliners, and beauty salons displayed stacks of the latest movie magazines so that customers could ask for a dress like Carole Lombards or a fur like Joan Crawfords or a hairdo like Dietrichs, observed Head and Calistro Discussions of whether Hollywood was a important style center than New York began to occur along with these comparing New York to Paris, wrote historian Caroline Rennolds Milbank in New York Fashion.On the front line of Hollywoods fashion takeover was the famed Gilbert Adrianlisted in movie credits as Gowns by Adrianthe costume designer who studied at the New School of Fine and Applied Art and began his career in the 1920s and ran the MGM costume department for sixteen years In than two hundred movies, he dressed all the great leading ladies, such as Judy Garland, Greta Garbo, Katharine Hepburn, Gloria Swanson, Myrna Loy, Bette Davis, Barbara Stanwyck, as well as Janet Gaynor, whom he married.Adrians favorite movie star musehis own Empress Eugniewas none other than the famous and fabulous Joan Crawford, whom Adrian outfitted in thirty one movies from 1929 to 1941, during the peak of her movie career It was Adrian who put her in shoulder padsand who else but La Crawford, with her sultry, not so subtly sexual gaze, could have turned such an unlikely and mannish style innovation into a global trend that captivated millions of women through the 1940s In 1932, Macys experienced a bull run, selling fifty thousand knockoffs of Adrians ruffled white organdy dress that Joan Crawford wore like a fairy princess in Letty Lynton Copies of the dress caught fire Vogue reported how every little girl, all over the country, within two weeks of the release of Joan Crawfords picture, felt she would die if she couldnt have a dress like that.Joan Crawford as Letty Lynton in 1932 More than 50,000 copies of her Adrian gown sold at Macys.The significant distinction, whose full implications would not be appreciated for decades to come, was that the reason moviegoers worked up such a lather for the fashion was Joan Crawford, not the dress But even then, the Hollywood fashion coup reminded designers that actresses were the queensthe real movers of style and fashion.Different Strokes Rene Lacostes Winning DesignFor most celebrities, popularizing fashion trends was about as far as they could ever imagine going Creating fashion themselves would have never occurred to them But there were a few celebrities who had the chops and the ambition to design fashions that could attract attention in their own right The first celebrity to do it was French, of course Tennis champion Ren Lacoste, who won seven Grand Slam singles titles, was one of the Four Musketeers, the French Davis Cup team, which dominated mens tennis in the 1920s and 1930s.Ren Lacoste, lanky and elegantand known for stylish strokeswas the Roger Federer of his time He was obsessed with promoting tennis as well as looking magnifique. In 1927, he wrote an acclaimed book, Tennis, full of technical tips His patented inventions included the first metal tennis racquet 1963 a breakthrough that turned tennis into a faster, power game he sold it to Wilson Sporting Goods, where it became the T2000, made famous by Jimmy Connors as well as the first tennis ball machine designed for practice.Lacoste was nicknamed Le Crocodile after a bet he made with the Davis Cup team captain If Lacoste won a certain match, the captain promised to buy him a beautiful crocodile suitcase the two had admired together at a fancy Boston shop Alas, Lacoste lost that match, but a sportswriter for the Boston Evening Transcript heard about the wager and began calling Lacoste The Crocodileand the nickname stuck.1920s French tennis champ Ren Lacoste created his own crocodile logo, and a sport shirt style was born.Lacoste, who loved the attention, designed a natty white blazer that he had embroidered with a crocodile on the chest pocket and wore to all his matches In 1927, Lacoste took up designing so he could finally stop playing in sweaty long sleeved dress shirtswhich to that point had been the uniform of all players He created a series of attractive and comfortable short sleeved knit shirts with a ribbed collar, in a breathable cotton waffle knit fabric.All that was left was for Lacoste to brand his practical shirts with his embroidered crocodile logo, which he did in 1927fashions very first logo He teamed up with the largest French knitwear producer to make the shirts commercially in 1933 The Chemise Lacoste shirts caught on immediately with tennis players and by 1952 were imported to America and advertised as the status symbol of the competent sportsman, says the Lacoste.com website.Call it beginners luck Lacostes Chemise Lacoste shirt revolutionized mens wardrobes, creating a staple for guys to wear for tennis, golf, polo, or just knocking around The Chemise Lacoste became a status symbolthe uniform of Ivy League preppiesthat spawned countless knockoffs, with and without their own logos.Guys couldnt resist popping up the Lacostes ribbed collarit just looked cooler that way All it took was a star athlete who combined good design with his natural flair for marketing himself to create Lacoste, distinguished as the longest running, bestselling celebrity fashion brand in the history of clothing, reporting 2011 sales of about 2.1 billion Gloria Swanson, Forever YoungAnother early celebrity turned designer also had something of a sporty angle to her clothing After nailing the role of the unforgettable Norma Desmond in Sunset Boulevard in 1950, silent film siren Gloria Swanson retired from the movies and pivoted into the rag trade, a natural direction for someone who had had a penchant for stylish clothes since she was a teenager Still fetching in her fifties, Swanson promoted her own line of dresses, manufactured by Puritan Dress Company, a leading New York firm How fortuitous that Swansons own image dovetailed with her marketing angle Gloria Swanson was renowned in Hollywood as a health nut, a longtime practitioner of yoga she liked to stand on her head who swore by a macrobiotic diet and lived until she was eighty six.In 1951, her dress collection debuted Gloria Swanson by Forever Young, a nod to both her own indestructible looks and to every womans desire to look youthful Who knewor even caredif Swanson had anything to do with designing her signature silk blend dresses created for churchgoing and cocktail parties It hardly mattered Puritan Dress was on the ball, with its own skilled in house designers Swanson upheld her end of the bargain narrating department store fashion shows featuring Forever Young dresses She didnt even have to shill for her own fashions.Yet Hollywood leading ladies of the day like Rita Hayworth, Ginger Rogers, and Anne Baxter, who thought nothing of seeing their likenesses in print ads among the nine out of ten movie stars who use Lux toilet soap, would have considered it beneath themselves to hawk ordinary merchandiseespecially when it came to doing TV commercials, which were considered lower class media, because it interrupted what you were watching, says Robert Thompson, professor of television and pop culture at Syracuse University TV actors, however, could get away with doing commercials selling cigarettes, for example, because they were already considered second class citizens in the acting profession All they wanted was to be discovered by Hollywood and be in movies.Swanson did them all one better She proved she had a second act Her fashion label endured for thirty years, until 1981.Audrey Hepburn and the Little Black DressThe divine black sheath gown that Hubert de Givenchy designed for Audrey Hepburn as Holly Golightly, in the opening scene on Fifth Avenue in the 1961 movie Breakfast at Tiffanys, sold at auction for 923,187 in 2006, at Christies in London While it was often cited by fashion historians as perhaps the most famous little black dress of all time, it was the enchanting Audrey HepburnHollywoods most recognized fashion platewho cast a spell on the dressand on most ensembles she wore.She began her close, lifelong friendship with Givenchy after he dressed her in the 1954 Billy Wilder romantic comedy Sabrina It was the fashion savvy Hepburn who, at twenty four, insisted that she be dressed by the tall and talented twenty six year old French creative sensation, who had recently opened his couture salon after leaving his senior position at the house of Schiaparelli For Sabrina, Givenchy created another stunner a superb black cocktail frock featuring carved out armholes and a severe horizontal boat necklineformerly known as a dcollet bateau, which after Hepburn made it famous would be referred to as the dcollet Sabrina, becoming one of fashions most timeless silhouettes.After Sabrina, which won the 1954 Oscar for best costume design, Hepburn chose to wear Givenchy exclusively, including for many of her film roles In a very real sense, Audrey Hepburn was the muse that inspired the house of Givenchy In return, he helped make her the trademark of everything young, elegant and rare, wrote her biographer Alexander Walker in Audrey Her Real Story.In 1957, Givenchy introduced his first perfume, LInterdit, which he dedicated to Hepburn and used her picture to advertise He made a special concentration of LInterdit for her exclusive use She never dreamed of exploiting what she still considered a personal relationship for commercial purposes, though clearly that largesse was not returned by Givenchy Hepburn never received any money for the way she promoted the house of Givenchy She even bought the perfume and paid for it at retail price too wrote Walker, citing his source as Henry Rogers, Hepburns publicist at the time.Audrey Hepburn in the wedding gown for Funny Face with its creator, Hubert de Givenchy, in 1956 They conquered fashion and fragrance togetherand she didnt demand a dime.In fact, Hepburns chic image was worth inestimable millionsfar than she ever collected as an actress And over the years, their casual arrangement would change after Rogers convinced Givenchys brother and business partner that Audrey should derive some financial return for the close liaison that had developed over the years with the couturier and his creations and his products According to Rogers, it was all settled very cordially, Walker wrote.Michael Jordan Big Shoes to FillIn the 1980s, the first inkling that the power of celebrity in fashion could transcend Hollywood turned up in the most unlikely of places on the professional basketball court Nike Inc made an astoundingly prescient move when it signed up a skinny, six foot six African American college star from the University of North Carolina, the third NBA draft pick, who had just joined the Chicago Bulls His name was Michael Jordan.Founded in the 1970s, Nike was an elite running shoe brand that had failed to make a footprint on the surging NBA circuit in its first decade, all but shut out by Converse sneakers, which were the rage among top players So Nike did an end around on the NBA ranks by harnessing star college players through endorsement deals with college coaches In 1984, Nike signed Jordan, who was headed to the Chicago Bulls Nikes plans for the talented rookie were to create a signature basketball shoe around hima first in sneaker marketing.It was a risky strategy in early 1984, a time when there were no crossover black stars in Americathe pivotal Cosby Show hadnt even come on TV yet The idea of having a young black man sell shoes to white America was absurd Let alone a young black man no one had ever met, wrote sportswriter Dan Wetzel in a 2009 profile on Jordan.But the powers at Nike trusted the revered sports marketing genius Sonny Vaccaro, who chose the low key Jordan Vaccaro, like most of the rest of the country, had never even met the young ballplayer As Vaccaro told Wetzel when asked how he knew Jordan would succeed, I wish I could give you something I just knew he was the guy Vaccaros sixth sense would deliver again For Adidas basketball shoes, Vaccaro picked Kobe Bryant, straight out of high school, who would become an enduring superstar for the Los Angeles Lakers Ironically, Jordans celebrity stature rosehe became known for his style in his very first seasonbefore he became famous as a great player It was Nikes edgy design that did it For the 198485 season, Nikes designers created a distinctiveif clunkybasketball shoe in the Bulls signature red and black for Jordan But NBA commissioner David Stern banned the flashy shoes designed exclusively for Jordan for violating the leagues uniformity of uniform rule Jordan was fined 5,000 for every game he wore the shoeswhich Nike gladly paid, further stoking the controversy and garnering even attention The outlawed shoe now carried the ultimate cachetand sales exploded Before Jordan got anywhere near a championship ring, he had a full fledged fashion trend to his credit Nike turned the Jordan brand into its most lucrative franchise, starting with Air Jordan sneakers twenty six official modelsnot counting variationsas of 2013 and Jumpman logo sportswear By 1997, as Jordan was closing in on his fifth of six NBA titles, Nikes sales had multiplied tenfold to 9.19 billion, up from 900 million in 1984.Jordans original five year deal with Nike was worth 500,000 plus royalties The terms of his current deal are a closely guarded secret, but royalties now generate than 60 million annually for Jordan according to sources, Forbes reported in February 2013.In 2013 Jordan turned fifty And in 2012ten years after his last NBA gameJordan earned an estimated 80 million from corporate partners, including Nike, Gatorade, and Hanes He is the second highest paid athlete in the world Champion boxer Floyd Mayweather Jr topped the Forbes 2012 list, with estimated earnings of 85 million The Jordan brand is doing exceptionally well, said Susquehanna financial analyst Christopher Svezia He estimated to Forbes that the brand grew from 25 percent to 30 percent in 2012 over 2011 At the time, the Jordan brand, including apparel, generated than 1.75 billion globally and controlled a commanding 58 percent of the US basketball shoe market.But Jordan became about so much than sneakers He personified the influential celebrity who kept making his mark on mens style trends Macho Hollywood actor Yul Brynners shaved head in the 1960s was considered the exotic exception But under Jordan, shaved heads became a sexy mainstream style that was first copied by young black men, and eventually won over white men, including corporate businessmen.Jordan didnt need a Milan runway to introduce knee length baggy shorts to the world He started his NBA career wearing the shorts of his beloved University of North Carolina uniform underneath his Chicago Bulls shortswhich then had to be baggier and longer in order to fit properly Jordan had also said that he preferred the longer shorts, which were comfortable, allowing him to move aggressively, especially bending at the waist Other NBA players wanted to be like Mike and followed his fashion lead And now vintage pictures of stars like Dr J Julius Erving and Magic Johnson slam dunking in uniforms with tight short shorts look comical as well as retro Today its just a givenall men wear longer, looser shorts for sports and leisure.So Jordan evolved, becoming ever fashionable over the years, a transcendent athlete who ushered in the rise of basketball cool and urban cool, a mega celebrity such as we had never seen before, one with enough star power and universal appeal to bridge what had been seen as incompatible realms of interest sports and fashion.Athletes are the most stylish, in having the chutzpah to try new things, says Jim Moore, the longtime GQ creative director and mens fashion authority Moore marvels at the rabid young sneakerheads who devotedly collect the latest Air Jordans every seasoneven though Jordan as a basketball player came and went long before their time I have all these stylish kids who work for me who will only wear Air Jordans, that are so back in style, Moore told me in November 2012 The sneaker is iconic than the man.Moore flashed back to 1988, when he first styled Jordan in a broad shouldered suit for the cover of GQand also noted the popularity of Pat Riley, the dapper NBA coach of the Los Angeles Lakers and the Miami Heat whom designer Giorgio Armani picked to be the billboard for his signature relaxed look suits around the same time Jordan raised the bar, said Moore A style conscious generation of men have spawned from that moment.Jordan didnt just change the way consumers thought of fashion, he changed the way fashion thought of celebrity Yes, designers and manufacturers had long used celebrities as billboards and models, but with Jordans supernova of crossover success, for the first time the fashion world truly began to glimpse the powerand as yet untapped selling potentialof celebrity in and of itself.This realization was deliciously embodied by Giorgio Beverly Hills, the perfume that became a celebrity.Chapter TwoLEau de CelebrityWhether you know it or not, youre a part of my familyand I thank you for unleashing the family secret of Passion to every woman and every man you meet Im counting on you to unlock the beauty and emotion of our passion in women I would like to share with you the creation of Elizabeth Taylors Passion.Elizabeth Taylor, in a 1987 TV commercialEver since the 1960s, when TV hillbilly Jed Clampett trucked his kinfolk to reside in Beverly Hills, the fabled enclave of swimming pools, movie stars, the celebrity myth about the city adjacent to Hollywood has loomed large and luxurious in American pop culture, reeking of the riches and hedonism under the California sun.Amid the roaring consumerism of the 1980s, the Beverly Hills mythology became glossierand racierstoked by the slick bestselling novel Scruples by first time novelist Judith Krantz Her sophisticated tale focused on the lush lives of beautiful people who worked in an exclusive Beverly Hills boutique of the same name Scruples was a sex filled chick lit sensation that sold than thirty million copies in twenty two languages and became a hit TV miniseries starring Lindsay Wagner.The notoriety of Scruples beckoned out of town tourists to the tony Rodeo Drive, past Cartier, Gucci, and I Magnin, in search of the striped yellow awning that marked Giorgio Beverly Hills, the clubby, avant garde designer boutique where stars like Barbra Streisand and Ali MacGraw shopped Krantz spent a lot of time studying Giorgio in order to accurately paint her fictitious Scruples boutique as a fabulous facsimile So the gawkers marched into Giorgio for a souvenir that captured the Hollywood mystique of it all a 35 bottle of Giorgio Beverly Hills fragrance For five years running, Giorgio sold than 100 million worth of those three ounce bottles each yeara demand so steady that stores around America couldnt keep Giorgio in stock.The movie star lifestyle in a bottle a Giorgio Beverly Hills 1982 advertisement The executives at fragrance giants like Este Lauder, Coty, Revlon, and Elizabeth Arden were flummoxed Other than Chanel No 5, the action at the perfume counter had always been theirsthe New York establishmentuntil it shifted to Beverly Hills, where Giorgio owners Fred Hayman, a former hotel manager, and his fashion stylist wife, Gale, exploited the reflected glory of their storied boutique The Haymans were undercapitalized toowith reportedly only a 300,000 initial investment in the scent But they wisely capitalized on the excitement and allure surrounding the Hollywood lifestyle, treating Giorgio the fragrance just like it was a celebrity It seemed like a crazy idea But it worked.Giorgio was all swagger a bodacious, original blend of florals, spiked with patchouli and musky vanilla, that lasted for hours and marked a woman as soon as she entered a room It felt very 1980s Stylish women were channeling actress Joan Collins on TVs Dynasty in wearing big hair, tight leather pants, and mink coatsand the scents they liked to spritz were heavy and cloying like Yves Saint Laurents Opium and Poison by Christian Dior But Giorgio with no designer pedigree or celebrity mascotwas still the most coveted, garnering the most buzz.Women everywhere swallowed the hypeand joined the cult For Giorgios rollout in Cleveland in 1984, a white stretch limousine whisked a gigantic perfume bottle from the airport to the Halle Brothers department store downtown, where crowds waited behind velvet ropes Also that year, when shipments of the perfume finally arrived at Daytons department store in downtown Minneapolis, a skywriting plane above the city replied, THANK YOU, GIORGIO.More than a decade before designer Giorgio Armani began hosting his own star studded parties, the other Giorgio this one that existed solely in a bottlehad its own very black tie coming out party on November 22, 1981, hosted by the Haymansheld under a yellow circus tent, where their 1952 Rolls Royce with a GIORGIO vanity license plate was parked Champagne and caviar flowed as TV camera crews captured all the stars who were there, such as Charles Bronson, Jill Ireland, Mark Harmon, Loretta Swit, Stella Stevens, Hugh OBrian, Hal Linden, and Lorne Green Merv Griffin crooned You Know Who Wears It, a new song created for Giorgio perfume.Actress Pamela Mason assumed shed be hobnobbing with stars and jet setters, who already treated the Giorgio Beverly Hills boutique like their own private club Imagine her amusementto put it mildlywhen she discovered the true nature of the Giorgio soiree It was a nightmare of a night, what we call a rat fuck, she told author Steve Ginsberg in Reeking Havoc The Unauthorized Story of Giorgio By that, I mean its just a crowd of so many people and the press Fred Hayman was exploiting that fragrance fantastically.Giorgio succeeded by such a ridiculous degree that at some point an alarm went off If fake celebrity could be so potent, what would happen if you did a perfume with a real celebrity And not just a celebrity The celebrity The most famous, the most glamorous, the most outrageous star in the Hollywood firmament Elizabeth Taylor.Elizabeth Taylor Diamonds and PassionIt happened one night in 1987 at Spago, the swank Wolfgang Puck Beverly Hills hangout Stepping out of a stretch limousine was the glorious Elizabeth Taylor, tanned and magnificent, those dazzling violet eyes set off by her teased black coiffure and diamond teardrop earrings Her plunging dcolletage was set off by a gown of spangled lavender satin with puffed sleeves, designed by Dynasty costumer Nolan Miller It was the black tie launch party for Elizabeth Taylors Passion, her first perfume, which came in a purple art deco bottle, packaged inside a lilac box.Just what was a celebrity perfume And why had the luminous Hollywood legend deigned to slap her name on some cheesy cologne, as if she needed to panhandle for dollars Posing the question that was on everybodys minds that night, a newswoman ventured tactfully to Taylor on the red carpet Why are you taking such a risk La Taylor cocked her head jauntily, then volleyed back, grinning Ive always taken risks, and perfume is something Ive always adored I dont know, it was just time to do something new I had definite ideas about what I wanteda floral, orientaland I had all kinds of scents to play around with I felt like a chemist gone mad, and it took about a year and a half and it was great fun.Was the violet packaging created to match her famous eyes No, no, she countered playfully Purple is my favorite color I dont think I have purple eyes I have red.The two time best actress Oscar winner, with seven of her eight marriages behind her, hadnt made a movie in years She played the moment with grace and nonchalance But Taylor was acting Just like countless celebrities who would follow her in the future, she agreed to do a perfume with one objective to make money Unbeknownst to most people, the star who dripped in the worlds finest diamonds needed cold cash.The Liz of the 1980s was a Hollywood legenda coveted TV talk show guest who hobnobbed with moguls like Malcolm Forbes But with her movie career behind her, shed had no steady source of income for years The former child actress, whose film career was largely controlled by the powerful Hollywood studios, never knew the 20 million a picture free agent paydays of a Cameron Diaz or Julia Roberts.In 1960, Taylor made headlines when she commanded a stunning 1 million 7.6 million in todays dollars to star in Cleopatra. But by the 80s, that was ancient history Her main assets were a modest art collection that included a Matisse and all the diamond jewelry from her husbands and chums like Michael Jackson Taylor lived large, with servants and employees enabling habits that burned through a lot of cash.Liz wasnt liquid she had no cash flow, says Joe Spellman, a former executive vice president at cosmetics marketer Elizabeth Arden who directed the creative development of the Elizabeth Taylor fragrances and worked closely with Liz to develop White Diamonds She signed on because she needed the money So when she was approached to earn a tidy sum from her own perfume, Liz was ready to learn her lines for TV commercials and to make personal appearances at stores like Macys In one TV spot for Passion, a luminous Liz cooed breathlessly Whether you know it or not, youre a part of my familyand I thank you for unleashing the family secret of Passion to every woman and every man you meet.The terms of her dealthe first celebrity fragrance since Zsa Zsa Gabors Zig Zag from 1969werent disclosed But industry experts believe the terms today are in line with similar contracts for top celebrities, typically structured with a 3 million to 5 million initial payout, with royalty on sales, ranging from 1 to 5 percent In any event, Passion came out of the gate as a bestseller, with estimated sales of than 40 million at wholesale in its second year, when it was sold at fewer than two thousand retail locations, according to the fashion trade paper WWD.What made Taylor so appealing to fragrance shoppers was the fact that she was larger than life, while still mired in the kinds of difficulties all women faced Elizabeth Taylor has had problemswith men, with drugs and alcohol, with weightthat so many women can relate to, says Spellman Its like I crash, I have to pick myself up Im vulnerable, I make mistakes, but Im still here and Im doing the best I can Thats what makes for the empathy toward her.Elizabeth Taylor signing a poster for her first fragrance, Passion by Elizabeth Taylor, launched in 1987.And because they felt empathy, even sympathy, for this preternaturally gorgeous, superglam celebrity, it allowed women to be genuinely happy for her when she fought back through her myriad troubles and appeared to be ascendant again.Thats partially why her second fragrance, White Diamonds, the scent she introduced in 1991, had the promise to be far lucrative even than Passion The 90s dawned as the best of times for Taylora moment when her fans rallied around her like never before She was happy, healthy, and svelte again Taylor had just completed treatment for the second time at the Betty Ford Center for substance abuse in Rancho Mirage, California, where she met and fell in love with a fellow patient, a construction worker named Larry Fortensky Handsome and ruggedand twenty years her juniorFortensky was her seventh husband and eighth marriage counting twice with Richard Burton He provided another sequel to Taylors storied lifeone that the public cheered when the two recovering alcoholics got hitched in October 1991.She had lost weight, she was being attractive for him It was the perfect storm, the sweet spot What could be better than the wedding, Elizabeth Taylor and white diamonds says Spellman.Arden executives were psyched about White Diamonds We really thought that it could be big, Spellman says With White Diamonds, we did some tricks with the juice Just like Giorgio, we used a twenty five percent concentration of oil, instead of twelve percent It was heavier, it smelled beautiful It was the recognition of the power of fragrance A woman will say Ive gotten compliments when I wear this fragrance, and she goes back and buys it again.The White Diamonds TV commercial, shot in grainy black and white like an art house film, would be referred to in house by Arden executives as Elizabeth Taylors last movie.Spellman says It was always important for us to treat this as a movie We didnt think of it as a commercial This was also important for Taylorthis sense of scope We were selling the movie that you bought as a bottle of fragrance.Filmed in Acapulco, the thirty second spot was designed to look like a movie location on the beachwith snippets from scenes in front and behind the camera It began with a private plane landing on a beach, paparazzi cameras aimed at Taylor, with fast cuts of handsome, tanned men in the middle of a card game Taylor, splendid in off the shoulder white, ambles over, cooing, Not so fast, comrade, as she snatches off a diamond drop earring, then tosses it onto a pile of money on the game table These have always brought me luck, she says Then the announcer says, White Diamonds, the intriguing fragrance from Elizabeth Taylor.The commercial was a huge hit, including a longer version that played before the trailers at movie theaters until the end of the year Sales of White Diamonds soared that Christmas and every year since, always with the backdrop of that same commercial It so perfectly fit the fragrance and showed a mature Liz Taylor at her prettiest, Arden executives agreed.The fragrance royalties provided Taylor with security for the rest of her life Says Spellman Elizabeth Taylor made money from White Diamonds than from any other movie she had ever made in Hollywood.Elizabeth Taylor, who had moved audiences for generations, had moved a major market She had conferred legitimacy and even prestige on a new categorycelebrity fragrancesputting White Diamonds right up there in the big leagues with designer perfumes like Chanel No 5.After Liz, a number of celebrities tried to cash in at the fragrance counter, but they fizzled in a hurry, proving that Liz had something they lacked But what was it Whats That Smell Herb Alpert, Cher, and Joan Collins Storm the Perfume CounterA good place to begin the search for an answer is the comical scramble of celebrities at the perfume counter, especially at Christmastime, back when fragrances were coveted holiday gifts that many women put near the top of their wish lists Among the novelties were all those first time fragrances by actresses, singers, athletes, and other celebrities that department stores promoted to the hilt I spent a Saturday morning in November 1989 at Macys Herald Square watching Leonard Clinton, a dapper and determined young man in a tuxedo, who was one of the many professional spritzers canvassing the fragrance counters His perfume bottle was cocked, aimed, and ready to spray the first outstretched wrist Ladies, he recited his lines with brio, stop and Listen Mostly women averted their eyes and scurried past him Unfazed, Clinton pressed on They were dazzled and entertained by the excitement before they even smelled it, he told me, staying heroically on message.Somewhere in America, pop trumpeter Herb Alpert was hoping that spritzers like Clinton were connecting shoppers to Listen, his new fragrance, described as a nose tingling blend of grapefruit and eucalyptus, formulated by experts inspiredaccording to the PR releaseby listening to the sounds of Alpert.And the celebrity scents just kept coming Uninhibited by Cher, Spectacular by Joan Collins, Undeniable by Billy Dee Williams, Misha by Mikhail Baryshnikov, as well as scents from French actress Catherine Deneuve, Princess Stphanie of Monaco, Regine the international disco queen, Argentine tennis star Gabriela Sabatini, and Julio Iglesias There was even Moments by Priscilla PresleyElviss wife The maker of Moments told me in an interview She remains in the minds of women in America as a fourteen year old who was involved in a great romance.But all too soon, these copycat celebrity fragrances began to stink up the jointespecially when the stars didnt show up for photo ops How many people could a store expect to turn out when a life size cardboard cutout of Jaclyn Smith served as her stand in when the former Charlies Angel couldnt appear in person to promote her signature scent Likewise, Dionne Warwicks eponymous fragrance became famous only as the prize for the dancers on TVs Soul Train.Now we know in hindsight that the celebrity fragrances of the early 1990s were ahead of their time People were still fascinated by designer fragrances from Calvin Klein, Giorgio Armani, and Yves Saint Laurent, among others Designer scents still made up than 90 percent of the market, and thats what people still wanted The allure of celebrity had proven itself powerful, but not quite powerful enough to turn the established world of fashion upside down.Not yet.Chapter ThreeThe Stars of Dress Down NationThere used to be a time when a white shirt went with your intelligence But theres no reason to do this any.Ronald Hoffman, executive vice president of Alcoa Inc., the first US corporation to shift to everyday casual dress codes in 1992By the early 1990s, winds of fashion had blown way past Paris and New York, all the way out to the West Coast But it wasnt the costume designers in Hollywood setting fashion trends again It was three big apparel brands out West Gap, Dockers, and Nikeall headquartered on the West Coastwere among the leading companies cashing in on the casual togs that everybody had now shifted to wearing all the time As was now the pattern The famous the people who were identified wearing those brands, the golden those and other casual labels became to consumers Advance Praise for Hijacking the RunwayIt was just a matter of time before celebritieswith their delusions of grandeur and omnipotencemight attempt to conquer the world of fashion Hijacking the Runwayshows who s making it, who s faking it and why we re all along for the ride Teri Agins delivers a wicked combo journalism that s a smashing, fun read.Simon Doonan, author of The Asylum andCreative Ambassador Barneys New York Hijacking the Runwayis rich, gossipy and rewarding in its insights about the romp of celebrities through fashion A brilliant reporter, Teri Agins documents the clout of Jessica Simpson and the magical yearning of Kanye West, amid other vivid portraits in a story waiting to be told Agins gets the scoop.Cathy Horyn, former New York Times fashion criticYou can always trust that Teri Agins will deliver all the heretofore unknown, deep dish on the inside workings of the fashion industry Hijacking the Runway reads as an intimate conversation with one of fashions key insiders and is delivered in a voice as quick, sharp and knowledgeable as its author.Tracy Reese, designer Praise for THE END OF FASHIONTeri Agins is one of the most influential and well respected reporters in the industry of fashion and all its facets THE END OF FASHION is a watershed book which has pioneered a new realm of what fashion means to people This is a landmark book which reveals the complexities inside fashion in an original and entertaining way Andre Leon Talley, editor at large, VogueTHE END OF FASHION rips into the seamy underbelly of a world where marketing is king, and often the emporer has no clothes Vanity FairA fascinating read for anyone who lives the industry, its players, or clothing itself The Boston GlobeAgins has a gift for bringing fashion to lifeIt may indeed be the end of fashion, but Agins makes it an entertaining ride NewsweekFast reading and surgically precise The hottest business book at the start of the millennium THE END OF FASHION should be required reading for everyone in our industry Bud Konheim, CEO, Nicole MillerIt ought to be required reading for people who think they might like to be clothing designers New York TimesNo other writer has the combined wit, style, sources, and fashion industry savvy to match the Wall Street Journal s Teri Agins, and it s all on display in THE END OF FASHION The depth of reporting makes this essential reading not just for fashionistas, but anyone interested in how business really works or fails in this dizzying world of art, culture, entertainment, and finance James B Stewart, author of DEN OF THIEVES and BLOOD SPORTWill have old school fashionistas weeping into their Ferragamo scarves Entertainment Weekly Aircraft hijacking Wikipedia Aircraft also called Skyjacking, Planejacking, Air Robbery, Grand Theft Aero, air piracy, or aircraft especially within the special jurisdiction of United States and in US state Mississippi is unlawful seizure an by individual a group In most cases, pilot forced to fly according orders hijackers Hague Hijacking Convention The Hague formally for Suppression Unlawful Seizure multilateral treaty which states agree prohibit punish hijackingThe convention does not apply customs, law enforcement military aircraft, thus it applies exclusively civilian only addresses situations takes The TWA AskThePilot THIRTY YEARS AGO this week, flight was hijacked on from Athens Rome plane commandeered militiamen Hezbolla Islamic Jihad, armed with grenades pistols purloined then embarked incredible, day odyssey Lebanon, Algeria, back again Plane JFK after mistakenly reports A JetBlue accidentally reported that his being at JFK, triggering massive response cops firefighters who surrounded craft tarmac, officials said Permanent Mystery askthepilot Conspiracy Theories, Transponders, Rogue Pilots Media Madness UPDATE August , SO THIS what comes down Earlier multi nation team investigating disappearance Malaysia Airlines announced hunt missing Boeing had been concentrated southeastern Indian Ocean, last off airport History, Design, Layout, Facts Britannica Airport Airport, site installation takeoff landing An airport usually has paved runways maintenance facilities serves as terminal passengers cargo Learn about history design airports article Best Books NPR Dec NPR s Book Concierge Our Guide To Great Reads Nicole Cohen, David Eads, Rose Friedman, Becky Lettenberger, Petra Mayer, Beth Novey Christina Rees Published December BA goes ten abreast both Gatwick Heathrow British Airways, airline nearly two decades ago tried failed implement seating configuration its London leisure subfleet, doing so Moreover, ultra narrow seats are coming premium routes flown fleet, Runway Girl Network learned Virgin Atlantic ex Airberlin As make double bed dream Richard Branson can finally say Virgin offers Upper Class sort With taking over leases set jets, retaining their Stelia Solstys staggered features honeymoon middle pairs right next each other, making product inconsistency new monickers Love Suite A Startlingly Simple Theory About Missing WIRED There lot speculation Flight Terrorism, hijacking, meteors I cannot believe analysis CNN almost disturbing tend look simpler Number Of Fatal Accidents Civil More Passengers Source PlaneCrashinfo Fatalties three planes September Dawson Field Hijackings belonged TWA, BOAC Swissair attempt hijack El Al but foiled sub branded marketing stroke genius, example how airlines could brand feature rich products Feeling sociable seat map section asksHijacking How Celebrities Are Stealing Spotlight Fashion Designers Kindle edition Teri Agins Download once read your device, PC, phones tablets Use like bookmarks, note highlighting while reading Hilldun Hilldun th annual New York conference, IAC celebrates pioneers all corners industry Hilldun CEO Gary Wassner joined conversation designers Carly Cushnie Michelle Ochs, moderated Retail Now panel History Jeans Denim History HISTORY OF JEANS FROM WORKPANTS TO HIGH FASHION INTRODUCTION ves Saint Laurent stated he wished invented blue jeans expressive discreet, they have sex appeal simplicity, everything want clothes Book, Levi Strauss Designer, Fashion victim Wikipdia Une fashion victime de la mode est une personne qui, d aprs Oscar Renta, gnralement considr comme le crateur l expression incapable identifier les frontires communment admises des styles Zac Posen Early life born raised Jewish family City, residing SoHo neighborhood lower ManhattanHe son Susan ne Orzack corporate lawyer, Stephen Posen, artist His interest started early, Tory Burch Tory Robinson June American designer, businesswoman philanthropistShe chairman, designer her own LLCShe listed rd powerful woman world Forbes Jan Hijacking the Runway: How Celebrities Are Stealing the Spotlight from Fashion Designers


    • Hijacking the Runway: How Celebrities Are Stealing the Spotlight from Fashion Designers
    • 4.4
    • 689
    • Format Kindle
    • 284 pages
    • Teri Agins
    • Anglais
    • 08 September 2017

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