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ᙉ [PDF]-Free Read Reign of Error: The Hoax of the Privatization Movement and the Danger to America's Public Schools ᚞ Kindle Ebook Author Diane Ravitch 턚

ᙉ [PDF]-Free Read Reign of Error: The Hoax of the Privatization Movement and the Danger to America's Public Schools ᚞ Kindle Ebook Author Diane Ravitch 턚 ᙉ [PDF]-Free Read Reign of Error: The Hoax of the Privatization Movement and the Danger to America's Public Schools ᚞ Kindle Ebook Author Diane Ravitch 턚 CHAPTER 2The Context for Corporate ReformFederal law and policy turned the education reform movement of the twenty first century into a powerful force that no school or district dared to ignore.Since the publication in 1983 of a report called A Nation at Risk, federal and state policy makers have searched for policy levers with which to raise academic performance That report was the product of a commissioncalled the National Commission on Excellence in Educationappointed by Secretary of Education Terrel H Bell, during the administration of President Ronald Reagan The commission warned that the nation was endangered by a rising tide of mediocrity in the schools it pointed to the poor standing of American students on international tests, a recurring phenomenon since the first international test was offered in the mid 1960s Its basic claim was that the American standard of living was threatened by the loss of major manufacturing industriessuch as automobiles, machine tools, and steel millsto other nations, which the commission attributed to the mediocre quality of our public educational system this claim shifted the blame from shortsighted corporate leadership to the public schools The commission called for better curriculum standards, higher graduation requirements, better teacher training, higher teacher pay, and other customary improvements The commission said very little about testing, account ability, and choice.The first Bush administration, in which I served, had little appetite for an expanded federal role in education It announced a program called America 2000, which relied mainly on voluntarism since a Democratic Congress would not consider any education bills sponsored by President George H W Bush Congressional Democrats in the early 1990s wanted greater resources and greater equity in public schools, not standards and tests The Clinton administration liked the idea of national standards and national testing, but when Republicans took control of Congress in 1995, that idea died The administration settled for a program called Goals 2000, which offered money to states to set their own standards and tests.Along came the George W Bush administration in 2001, which proposed sweeping federal legislation called No Child Left Behind NCLB On the campaign trail, Bush spoke of the Texas miracle, claiming that testing and accountability had led to startling improvements in student performance He said that test scores and graduation rates were up, and the achievement gap was narrowing, thanks to the Texas reforms We now know that there was no such miracle Texas made some increases on federal tests, like many other states, but its students register at the national average, nowhere near the top In 2001, no one listened to those who warned that the Texas miracle was an illusion.1 Congress swiftly passed the law, which dramatically changed the federal role in education.The law declared that all states must test every child annually in grades 3 through 8 in reading and mathematics and report test scores by race, ethnicity, low income status, disability status, and limited English proficiency By the year 2014, all students were supposed to achieve proficiency on state tests The states were required to monitor every school to see if every group was on track to reach proficiency Any school that persistently failed to meet its annual target would be labeled a school in need of improvement in the eyes of the media and thus the public, that means a failing school With each year that the school failed to meet its target, the sanctions became increasingly punitive Eventually, if the school kept failing, it was at risk of having its staff fired or having the school closed, handed over to state control or private management, or turned into a charter school or any other major restructuring Many schools failed year after year, and as 2014 approached, the majority of public schools in the nation had been declared failures, including some excellent, highly regarded schools typically, the group that was not making sufficient progress toward 100 percent proficiency was students with disabilities, and the schools that were likeliest to be labeled as failing enrolled high proportions of poor and minority students In Massachusetts, for example, the state with the nations highest performing students as judged by federal tests, 80 percent of the states public schools were failing by NCLB standards in 2012.Lets be clear 100 percent proficiency is an impossible goal no nation in the world has ever achieved this, nor has any other nation ever passed legislation to punish its schools for not reaching an unattainable goal It was as though Congress had passed a law saying that every city in America should be crime free Who could disapprove of such a laudable goal What city would not want to be crime free But imagine if the law set a deadline twelve years off and said that any city that did not meet the goal would be punished its police stations would be closed and privatized its police officers would lose their badges The first to close would be the police stations in the poorest neighborhoods, where crime rates were highest Eventually, the scythe would swing even in affluent neighborhoods, because no city is completely crime free Wishing that it might be so, or passing laws to require that it be so, does not make it so.NCLB opened the door to huge entrepreneurial opportunities Federal funds were set aside for after school tutoring, and thousands of tutoring companies sprang up overnight to claim a share Many new ventures opened to advise schools on how to meet NCLB testing tar gets, how to analyze NCLB data, how to turn around failing schools, and how to meet other goals embedded in the legislation.NCLB encouraged the growth of the charter sector by proposing that charter schools were a remedy for failing public schools When NCLB was passed, charters were a new and untested idea The original idea for charters was first suggested in 1988, not to promote competition, but to allow teachers to try out new ideas One of its originators, Ray Budde, was a professor at the University of Massachusetts who envisioned charters run by teachers, free to teach without interference by the local district bureaucracy The other originator was Albert Shanker, president of the American Federation of Teachers, who envisioned charters where teachers sought out the lowest performing students, the dropouts, and the disengaged, then figured out innovative ways to ignite their interest in education Both these men, unknown to each other, saw charters as schools empowered to devise innovative practices and ready to collaborate and share what they had learned with their colleagues and existing schools Certainly, neither imagined a charter sector that was nearly 90 percent non union or one that in some states presented profit making opportunities for entrepreneurs.Minnesota passed the first charter law in 1991, and the first charter school opened in 1992 Only nine years later, Congress passed the No Child Left Behind law, recommending conversion of a low performing school to a charter as a remedy At the time, there was no evidence that charters would succeed where the local public school had failed Nonetheless, the congressional endorsement was valuable publicity for charters, which gained public recognition and new opportunities to expand and compete with neighborhood public schools for higher test scores In addition, it paved the way for federal appropriations and federal tax breaks for charter school construction.As 2014 neared, states were spending hundreds of millions of dollars each year on testing and on test preparation materials the schools in some districts and states were allocating 20 percent of the school year to preparing for state tests This misallocation of scarce resources was hardly surprising, because schools lived or died depending on their test scores Educators and parents raised their voices against the incessant testing, but no one seemed to know how to stop it Some states not only tested children in grades 3 through 8, as NCLB required, but started testing children in the early grades and in prekindergarten to ready them for the testing that began in the third grade And the number of tests administered to high school students increased as well, both as a measure of progress and as a condition for graduation Texas, the epicenter of the testing fetish, insisted that students needed to pass fifteen different tests to get a high school diploma.The thirst for data became unquenchable Policy makers in Washing ton and the state capitals apparently assumed that testing would produce learning They were certain that they needed account ability and could not imagine any way to hold schools accountable without test scores This unnatural focus on testing produced perverse but predictable results it narrowed the curriculum many districts scaled back time for the arts, history, civics, physical education, science, foreign language, and whatever was not tested Cheating scandals occurred in Atlanta, Washington, D.C., and other districts States like New York manipulated the passing score on state tests to inflate the results and bring them closer to Washingtons unrealistic goal Teaching to the test, once considered unprofessional and unethical, became common practice in the age of NCLB Districts invested many mil lions of dollars in test preparation materials to help teachers do it better Under pressure to get higher scores to save their jobs and their schools, teachers drilled students in how to take tests and taught them the types of questions that had been used on previous tests and were likely to appear again.NCLB remained on the books year after year, long after it was due to be revised, reauthorized, or scrapped in 2007 Congress was deadlocked and unable to escape a trap of its own devising No one seemed able to imagine a federal education policy that did not rely on testing, that did not demand measures to hold schools accountable for failure to produce quantifiable results No one seemed to remember that this had not been the federal role before 2002, when NCLB was signed into law Even though the Texas miracle was long ago forgotten, the federal law that mimicked the Texas model remained in force.With the election of Barack Obama in 2008, many educators expected a change in federal education policy Their hopes were dashed, however, by Obamas education policies, specifically his Race to the Top competition At the beginning of the new presidents term, Congress passed economic stimulus funding in response to the financial collapse of 2008 Congress set aside 100 billion for education Of the total, 95 billion was allocated to keep teachers employed, to offset the shrink age of state and local budgets The remaining 5 billion was used to fund a competition among the states, called Race to the Top Secretary Arne Duncan set the conditions To be eligible, states had to agree to adopt new common standards and tests the Common Core State Standards expand the number of charter schools evaluate the effectiveness of teachers in significant part by the test scores of their students and remove any statutory barriers to doing so and agree to turn around their lowest performing schools by taking such dramatic steps as firing staff and closing the schools.Eleven states and the District of Columbia won Race to the Top funding Dozens of states competed for the funds, all of them accepting the premises of the competition so they could be eligible to win the millions of federal dollars at a time of deep fiscal distress By dangling the chance to win millions of dollars before hard pressed states, the Obama administration leveraged changes across the nation, aligning state education policies with the requirements of Race to the Top Among the premises of Race to the Top was that charter schools and school choice were necessary reforms that standardized testing was the best way to measure the progress of students and the quality of their teachers, principals, and schools and that competition among schools would improve them It also gave a bipartisan stamp of approval to the idea that a low performing school could be improved by firing the staff, closing the school, and starting over with a new name and a new staff.All of these ideas were highly contested not one has a strong body of evidence or research to support it or to justify the imposition of so many different and untested changes at the same time But with the joint imprimatur of No Child Left Behind and Race to the Top, advocates of standardized testing, school choice, merit pay, and tough accountability measures like school closings heralded these measures as reforms Race to the Top was only marginally different from No Child Left Behind In fact, it was worse, because it gave full throated Democratic endorsement to the long standing Republican agenda of testing, accountability, and choice.Race to the Top abandoned equity as the driving principle of federal aid From the initiation of federal aid to local school districts in 1965, Democratic administrations had insisted on formula grants, which distributed federal money to schools and districts based on the proportion of students who were poor, not on a competition among states The Obama administration shifted gears and took the position that competition was a better way to award federal funding This change worked in favor of advantaged states and districts that could hire professional grant writers to compete for federal funding In many cases, the Bill Melinda Gates Foundation gave grants to hire professionals to develop applications for specific states, which tilted the field toward the applicants favored by Gates By picking a few winners, the Race to the Top competition abandoned the traditional idea of equality of educational opportunity, where federal aid favored districts and schools that enrolled students with the highest needs.The new billions of federal funding encouraged entrepreneurs to enter the education market Almost overnight, consultants and vendors offered their services to advise districts and states on how to design teacher evaluation systems, how to train teachers, how to train principals, how to turn around failing schools, how to use new technologies, how to engage in data driven decision making, on and on With the adoption of the Common Core standards by almost every state, education publishers hurried to align their products with the new standards, entrepreneurs began developing technology to support the Common Core standards, and even consultants hung out their shingles to sell their services to districts and states about how to implement the Common Core and how to engage in data collection, data management, and data analysis The Denver Post determined that 35 percent of the federal funds allocated to that city in a School Improvement Grant was spent for consultants, not for students or teachers or schools.2The U.S Department of Education awarded 350 million to two consortia to develop national assessments to measure the new national standards States and districts will have to make large investments in technology, because the new national assessments will be delivered online By some estimates, the states will be required to spend as much as 16 billion to implement the Common Core standards Unfortunately, neither the Obama administration nor the developers of the Common Core standards thought it necessary to field test the new standards They have no idea whether the adoption of the new standards and tests will improve education or how they will affect students who are now performing poorly State education departments warned that the enhanced rigor of the Common Core would cause test scores to plummet by as much as 30 percent, even in successful districts Should this occur, the sharp decline in passing rates will reinforce the reformers claims about our nations broken education system This, in turn, will create a burgeoning market for new products and technologies Some reformers hoped that the poor results of the new tests would persuade even suburban parents to lose faith in their community schools and demand not only new products but school closings, charters, and vouchers.3This burst of entrepreneurial activity was planned Joanne Weiss, Secretary Duncans chief of staff, formerly the director of Duncans Race to the Top competition, wrote an article in which she described the imperative to match entrepreneurs with school systems Weiss had previously been the chief operating officer at the NewSchools Venture Fund, which invests in new charter schools and new technology ventures Race to the Top, she wrote, was designed to scale up entrepreneurial activity, to encourage the creation of new markets for both for profit and nonprofit investors The new standards were a linchpin to match smart capital to educational innovation The development of common standards and shared assessments radically alters the market for innovation in curriculum development, professional development, and formative assessments Previously, these markets operated on a state by state basis, and often on a district by district basis But the adoption of common standards and shared assessments means that education entrepreneurs will enjoy national markets where the best products can be taken to scale.4And indeed the investment opportunities seemed to grow by leaps and bounds after the Obama administration launched its Race to the Top There were not only high priced consultants and experts to assist in complying with new federal demands but additional ways to invest in new technologies and the growth industry of charter schools Equity investors held conferences to discuss the expanded opportunities for making a profit in the public education sector.5 The tennis star Andre Agassi formed a partnership with an equity investing firm to raise 750 million in capital to build at least seventy five charter schools for forty thousand or students This was not philanthropy it was a profit making venture.6 Investors quickly figured out that there was money to be made in the purchase, leasing, and rental of space to charter schools, and an aggressive for profit charter sector emerged wherever it was permitted by state law in states where for profit charters were not allowed, nonprofit charters hired for profit operators to run their schools Technology companies competed to develop new applications for the new Common Core State Standards, and there appeared to be many exciting opportunities to make money in the emerging education marketplace.7 This was the first time in history that the U.S Department of Education designed programs with the intent of stimulating private sector investors to create for profit ventures in American education.The combination of No Child Left Behind and Race to the Top redefined the meaning of education reform In this new environment, education reformers support testing, accountability, and choice Education reformers rely on data derived from standardized testing Education reformers insist that all children be proficient NCLB or increase their test scores every year Race to the Top , or their schools and teachers are failures Education reformers accept no excuses Education reformers believe that schools improve if they are forced to compete Education reformers believe that teachers will produce higher test scores if they are incentivized by merit pay Education reformers use testing data to fire principals and teachers and to close schools Education reformers applaud private management of public schools Education reformers support the proliferation of for profit organizations into school management Education reformers dont care about teacher credentials or experience, because some economists say they dont raise test scores Education reformers in the early twenty first century believe that school quality and teacher quality may best be measured by test scores.Once upon a time, education reformers thought deeply about the relationship between school and society They thought about child development as the starting point for education In those days, education reformers recognized the important role of the family in the education of children Many years ago, education reformers demanded desegregation They debated how to improve curriculum and instruction and what the content of the curriculum should be.But that was long ago Those concerns were no longer au courant Now there was bipartisan consensus around the new definition of education reform Those who held the levers of power at the U.S Department of Education, in the big foundations, on Wall Street, and in the major corporations agreed on how to reform American education The debates about the role of schooling in a democratic society, the lives of children and families, and the relationship between schools and society were relegated to the margins as no longer relevant to the business plan to reinvent American education.1 Jeffrey M Jones, Confidence in U.S Public Schools at New Low, Gallup Politics, June 20, 2012.2 William J Bushaw and Shane Lopez, Betting on Teachers The 43rd Annual Phi Delta Kappa Gallup Poll of the Publics Attitudes Toward the Public Schools, Phi Delta Kappan, September 2011, 1819.3 Bill Gates, Americas High Schools Are Obsolete speech to the National Governors Association, February 26, 2005.4 Melinda Gates, interview with Jeffrey Brown and Hari Sreenivasan video and transcript , NewsHour, PBS, June 4, 2012.5 Diane Ravitch, The Myth of Charter Schools, New York Review of Books, November 11, 2010.6 Joel I Klein, Condoleezza Rice, and others, U.S Education Reform and National Security New York Council on Foreign Relations, 2012.7 Tom Loveless, The 2012 Brown Center Report on American Education, Brookings Institution, Washington, D.C., February 16, 2012 Tom Loveless, Does the Common Core Matter , Education Week, April 18, 2012 Diane Ravitch, Do Our Public Schools Threaten National Security , New York Review of Books, June 7, 2012.The most clear headed and influential critic of privatization is Diane Ravitch, who has earned a reputation as an independent thinker Refusing to embrace the formulas of left and right, she attacks politically correct speech codes as intelligently as she criticizes the free market faith in competition She has also been willing to change her mind in public at one time an advocate of standardized testing, she is now a skeptic And this skepticism animates her broader critique in Reign of Error, a book that dispels the clouds of reform rhetoric to reveal the destructiveness of the privatization agenda.Jackson Lear, CommonwealNo matter what side of the debate the reader is on, Ms Ravitch provides a thought provoking look at some of the major challenges facing public education today Pittsburgh Post Gazette Those who have grown increasingly alarmed at seeing public education bartered off piece by piece, and seeing schools and teachers thrown into a state of siege, will be grateful for this cri de Coeura fearless book, a manifesto, and a cry to battle.Jonathan Kozol, New York Times Book ReviewRavtichs critique of the corporate reformers manufactured agenda, along with the truly progressive alternatives she offers, shows us a way to begin the long haul toward improving democracys classrooms.Joseph Featherstone, The NationDiane Ravitch is arguably our leading historian of primary and secondary education.Andrew Delbanco, The New York Review of BooksRavitch has emerged as the most consistent and searching criticof the contemporaryeducation reform movement.Walter Russell Mead, Foreign AffairsNo education or social issues library should be without this book.Diane C Donovan, California BookwatchThe best word I can come up with to describe the Ravitch of today is muckraking reform minded journalism that aims to expose misconduct and conspiracyWe need public figures like Ravitch to highlight perilous trends and illuminate promising trends Reign of Error is a must read book Sam Chaltain, Education Week Ravitch presents real solutions, not only to improve our public schools, but also to improve the lives of the children who walk their halls Darcie Chimarusti, NewsWorks Ravitch is a devastating social critic who is well aware of the current political environment Ravitch is able to skewer this agenda so efficiently because shes seen it all before Ravitchs candor stands in stark contrast to the bromides of the corporate reformers, who have pretty much left any attempts at integration out of their schemes NEA.org National Education Association Read this book and keep it somewhere within arms length for the next decade or so Jose Vilson, Educator, writer, activistDiane Ravitch has emerged as an iconic figure on Americas political landscape What Daniel Ellsberg was to the Vietnam War, Ravitch has become to the battle raging over public educationa truth teller with the knowledge that comes from decades on the inside of the education reform movement Anthony Cody, Education Week Teacher Reign of Error is a must read brilliant concise and elegant in dissecting and countering the corporate reform myths You will never find a succinct and compelling book than Reign of Error, with a crystal clear analysis of the way in which our schools are being driven into the ground by the Billionaire Boys club of Gates, Broad, Walton, Murdoch, and Bloomberg, and other ideologues and opportunists eager to join in We must win this battle for the soul of our education system before its too late NYC Public School ParentDiane Ravitch is Americas foremost educational historian In each chapter Ravitch provides detailed, clear explanations of the relevant data She is a thorough and careful scholar As important as her previous book was, Ravitch has outdone that with this magnum opus.This book is by far her finest work, and something which everyone truly concerned about education should read Daily KosI advise all public school teachers to read Ravitchs book Her experience makes her writing rich Reformers do not like her because she exposes them Her critics attack her personally because they cannot dent the substance that is Ravitchs Reign of Error She has pulled their reformer pants down in public There they stand, red faced and embarrassed Ravitch is fighting for us Buy the book The Huffington PostI knew a lot about what happened to black public schools in Mississippi, but had concerns about how to go about building a better system After reading Reign of Error I now know exactly how to proceed Mississippi is indeed the exception that the whole world believes it to be I promised God that if I kept living I would spend the rest of my life moving Mississippi blacks from the bottom to the top Thanks to Diane Ravitch I now know what has to be done James Meredith, author of Three Years in MississippiDiane Ravitch is the Martin Luther King and Joan of Arc of American education, a fearless crusader for every American child, parent and teacher In Reign of Error, she reveals the shocking lack of evidence behind many of the radical experiments being forced on our public school children and families by tragically misguided politicians and non educators Most important, she lays out a vision of evidence based, authentic education reforms that hold great promise for America to lead and inspire the world again Every American parent, teacher and citizen interested in our future should read this book What Silent Spring and The Fate of the Earth did for the environmental and antinuclear movements, this book should do for the cause of improving America s public schools William Doyle, author of A Soldiers DreamDiane Ravitch s must read book makes a compelling case for the essential purpose of public education She debunks the myths of its failuresand of the market reformers successesand points to real doable investments that will make public education the gateway to the American dream for all ourchildren Randi Weingarten, president of the American Federation of TeachersDiane Ravitchs Reign of Error takes the myths surrounding public education head on and provides her readers with logic and reasoning sorely missing from the current debate Diane is a fierce warrior against the so called reformers whose ideology exacerbates the problems of poverty and inequity Reign of Error takes on each of the common myths and blows them up with the reformers own holy grailDATA Data that disputes the miracle schools, the effects of poverty and myth of the dropout factors Ravitch also takes on the Billionaire Boys Club with swipes at their handmaidens of destruction, including Michelle Rhee, Joel Klein, and Wendy Kopp, and the book provides the solutions that will change the trajectory away from so called destructive innovation towards equitable, high quality education for all children.Karen GJ Lewis, president of the Chicago Teachers Union American educational reformers have fashioned a narrative that has become so pervasive that it has effectively silenced alternative accounts In this courageous book Diane Ravitch persuasivelychallenges both the narrative s presentation and analysis of data and its underlying value system Howard Gardner, Hobbs Professor of Cognition and Education Harvard Graduate School of Education reign of error League Women Voters Greater Las latest book, Reign Error The Hoax the Privatization Movement and Danger to America s Public Schools, she discusses her growing concerns that reflect major changes in earlier assessment our public schools warns dangers from many vested interest groups who are systematically attacking Reign by Diane Ravitch PenguinRandomHouse In Error, reveals shocking lack evidence behind radical experiments being forced on school children families tragically misguided politicians non educators Most important, lays out a vision based, authentic education reforms hold great promise for lead inspire world again REIGN OF ERROR By Washington Post Schools Knopf recent years, has become perhaps most outspoken advocate against reform, including initiatives Obama Duncan Kindle edition Download it once read your device, PC, phones or tablets Use features like bookmarks, note taking highlighting while reading Quotes Goodreads Ravitch, likes Like Nations such as Finland, Canada, Japan, South Korea spend time resources improving skills their teachers, not selectively firing them Diane Books Ravitch New York Knopf, Hardcover Barnes Noble Powell iTunes Google Play Death Life Great American School System How Testing Choice Are Undermining Education Terror History, Significance Britannica Terror, also called French La Terreur, period Revolution September July , Thermidor, year II important new book Those words appear p summary what Summary Reviews buffalolib From former US Assistant Secretary Education, whistleblower extraordinaire Wall Street Journal one foremost authorities history United States, author best selling Wikipedia During sans culottes Hbertists put pressure National Convention delegates contributed overall instability France was bitterly split between Montagnards Girondins San Francisco Chronicle NAEP test scores have improved almost every group students over past dramatically mathematics modestly Janixa Mejias Prezi Virtual will bring personalized, customized learning student usher an age educational excellence all cash cows owners but poor substitutes real teachers Clip ST Trouble E Land Faced with iBooks itunesle Sep argues crisis is academic achievement concerted effort destroy this country She makes clear that, contrary claims made, graduation rates highest they ve ever been, dropout Paperback at based ratings of Movement relation iBooks A Review Parents Dr shatters corporate reform myth after another clarity providing excellent background information Notes Appendix hit Hollywood crowd even before he elected Senator land Lincoln state found his greatest financial backers deep week support here HuffPost considering my review historian I decided write extension mea culpa began Three years later, still face dire threat, writes Audiobook Audible What did you love about convincingly poverty socioeconomic inequality real, unaddressed, problems States performance dislike narration only negative audiobookDiane Silvers born education, policy analyst, research professor University Steinhardt Culture, Human DevelopmentPreviously, EducationRavitch We would show description site won t allow us About Research Professor Founder President Network NPE the Houston, Texas, graduated Houston schools, Wellesley College, Columbia When Goes Private, Trump Wants What At present, proponents choice upper hand because backed some nation richest people, whose campaign donations give outsize voice shaping issue must resolve local well national elections whether voters preserve protect Against Theory Sexist Language Friesian School I, one, want be free refer brotherhood man without corrected language police decide myself should chairman, chairwoman, chairperson am chair Differentiated Instruction Articles, Books, Resources Differentiated instruction approach teaching which actively plan differences so can learn differentiated classroom, divide time, resources, efforts effectively teach various backgrounds Lensic Events Tickets Santa Fe Lensic Storydancer Project presents Rumi Concert River Kindness October PM Known sold performances other cities recently DC Cathedral returns Friday, th, Lensic Performing Arts Center Today Is Anniversary Of Worst Federal Jan NCLB, known, worst federal legislation passed Congress It punitive, harsh, stupid, ignorant pedagogy motivation, ultimately dismal failure Brookings Institution Press Brookings nonprofit organization Washington, Our mission conduct depth leads ideas solving facing society Sight word Sight words, often high frequency sight commonly used young encouraged memorize whole sight, automatically recognize these print having use any strategies decodeSight were introduced Whole similar method fell Race Nowhere TRANSFORMING EDUCATION FROM Bring urgent conversation home community Race Home Educational DVDs now available Join nationwide healthy thriving The Daily Show Trevor Noah Series Comedy World Fakest News Team tackle biggest stories news, politics pop culture Education An independent point view Randi committed liberal faith good intentions power brokers profiteers ability get do right thing if seat table Reign of Error: The Hoax of the Privatization Movement and the Danger to America's Public Schools

 

    • Reign of Error: The Hoax of the Privatization Movement and the Danger to America's Public Schools
    • 1.2
    • 37
    • Format Kindle
    • 417 pages
    • Diane Ravitch
    • Anglais
    • 02 June 2016

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