৪ Changing Business from the Inside Out: A Tree-Hugger's Guide to Working in Corporations eBook: Tim Mohin: Amazon.fr: Amazon Media EU S.à r.l. library ứ E-Pub Author Tim Mohin Working for good inside a corporation I was wise enough to never grow up while fooling most people into believing I had Margaret Mead So, you want to save the world, but still need to earn a decent living If this sounds like you, you have opened the right book The question is how Corporate jobs arent likely to send you to underserved communities to teach, and nonprofit jobs dont usually pay very well Most people entering the job market today are saddled with student loans and are looking for a role that will give them a financial foothold in life Is it always one or the other pursuing a living or pursuing your dreams Do you have to abandon your values to earn a good salary The answer is no The emerging field of corporate responsibility CR 1 is an attractive option that spans the traditional border between for profit capitalism and applying your skills to help people and the planet This field offers a way to have your cake and eat it too In other words, you can realize your altruistic goals and still earn a decent living in the corporate world But wait, you say, arent jobs in CR rare and hard to get Yes, this is a new field and, while there are not as many opportunities in CR as there are in traditional business roles, it is a rapidly expanding area and new jobs are being created all the time Further, as will be discussed throughout this book, there are many ways to contribute to social and environmental causes outside of the formal CR department Most companies have a small CR staff that is focused on marketing their CR story, but it is the traditional business functions that create that story Isnt working for a company selling out To some readers, the very notion of working within a corporation is tantamount to selling out their values as advocates for social or environmental justice While this is a valid perspective, there is another view Liz Maw, executive director of the MBAs for Social Justice Group Net Impact, articulated this view in her opening remarks for the 2011 Net Impact conference, when she said, We are here to occupy Wall Street from the inside The standing ovation was spontaneous, sustained, and genuine The audience represented a whole new generation of young people moving into the workforce with their sights set on working for societal good from within a company But, as the occupy protests drag on, the popular view is far divided Are all corporations greedy and self interested Can corporations really be a force for good These are questions that have been pondered for some time The legendary economist Milton Friedman authored a New York Times op ed in 1970 titled The Social Responsibility of Business is to Increase its Profits Friedman pulled no punches in the opening to this piece The businessmen believe that they are defending free enterprise when they declaim that business is not concerned merely with profit but also with promoting desirable social ends that business has a social conscience and takes seriously its responsibilities for providing employment, eliminating discrimination, avoiding pollution and whatever else may be the catchwords of the contemporary crop of reformers In fact they are or would be if they or anyone else took them seriously preaching pure and unadulterated socialism Businessmen who talk this way are unwitting puppets of the intellectual forces that have been undermining the basis of a free society these past decades Is corporate social responsibility undermining the basis of a free society Should companies have any role in protecting people and the planet Should the excesses or externalities that can result from the pursuit of profit be the sole province of government and or civil society to monitor and regulate Friedman and a line of followers see The Case against CSR, Wall Street Journal op ed, 20102 have articulated the popular perspective that companies have no obligation to people and the planet Their only obligation to the world is to generate profits for their shareholders BUNK Such black and white distinctions only make sense in the academic ivory tower In the shades of gray that color the real world, companies must make trade offs every day on where to invest and how to conduct their business High profile cases of corporate misconduct mask the less sexy, but no less important, cases of companies choosing to do the right things right Even Friedman admits that business leaders must conform to the basic rules of society and ethical norms in his 1970 article The responsibility of the business executive is to conduct the business in accordance with the owners desires, which generally will be to make as much money as possible while conforming to the basic rules of the society, both those embodied in law and those embodied in ethical custom emphasis added The ethical customs of society have changed a bit since 1970 when this article was published On December 2nd of that year, President Richard Nixon created the Environmental Protection Agency EPA in response to public outcry over corporate pollution disasters such as the near extinction of songbirds from the use of the insecticide DDT unveiled by Rachel Carsons 1962 book A Silent Spring , the Cuyahoga river fire in 1969 yep, the river actually caught on fire , and the first Earth Day held in April, 1970 So, by following the ethical customs before 1970, rivers caught on fire and songbirds were driven to the brink of extinction Thank goodness todays ethical norms are enlightened Society expects from corporations and, as these expectations increase, there is a growing need for people to work for social and environmental justice from inside companies By effectively working within a company you can influence decisions that can have massive societal benefits across the globe And there has never been a better time to work on these changes The race to be the greenest, most responsible company on the planet is under way e.g., last year, than 5,500 companies around the world issued sustainability reports,3 up from about 800 ten years ago and appears to have substantial staying power Companies of all types are looking for people to help improve their environmental, social, and ethical performance By learning the skills and strategies of working for good within a company you can create large, immediate, and lasting change Instead of empty rhetoric, this point of view is the essence of my own career choices I have done for people and the planet working within corporations than I could have ever expected to achieve had I stayed in the government I worked at the U.S Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S Senate in the first ten years of my career While government regulators and nonprofit activists are very important drivers for social and environmental justice, they must work from the outside to cajole companies into good corporate behavior The threat of enforcement or activism as a tool for change pales in comparison to the sweeping implications of, for example, leveraging a multinational corporations buying power to transform working conditions in a global supply chain To a certain extent, being a corporate treehugger is a line walking exercise Corporations are indeed focused on profit, and being an activist within a company is very different than being an activist for a nonprofit organization But as expectations and transparency increase, the ethical customs for corporate behavior are changing These macro level changes are opening up new jobs in CSR and changing mainstream roles across almost all corporate functions I wonder if Milton Friedman would think that the inmates had taken over the asylum if he could witness 2,600 enthusiastic MBA students and professionals cheering for corporate responsibility at the 2011 Net Impact conference As these business leaders of tomorrow increasingly occupy Wall Street from the inside, even Friedman might have to concede that the profit motive and social justice can be mutually supportive What you will get from this book The idea behind this book is to provide practical advice for people looking to enter the world of CR, either in the official CR department or within a mainstream role This book is not about theories, case studies, or abstract business strategies There are numerous books presenting hundreds of theories about how companies can both do good and do well through corporate responsibility While these theories are important, they are often not practical unless you are the CEO or have similar decision making authority For the rest of us those who havent made it to the executive suite just yet this book is a how to manual for contributing to social and environmental well being through a career in business The recent explosion of interest in CR has created an exciting new career path and new job opportunities to work within a for profit company while pursuing altruistic goals For those who are interested in the CR field, this book outlines step by step tips for designing and running a successful program as well as the essential skills and attributes for this career path For those who are not interested in working in the CR department, the guidance in this book can be applied from almost any position within a company As you will see, the opportunities to contribute to society may be even greater from outside the CR department The key is to lead from where you stand Anyone in any department and at any level can make a difference I wrote this book because I wanted to share the practical lessons gained over than 25 years of work that included much trial and error As this field has grown, it has also become popular with a legion of young adults who are looking for their first job as well as career switchers who want meaning from their work This trend is inspiring and motivated me to share what I have learned My intent is that this book provides some practical guidance for those who seek a career in corporate responsibility While it is obvious that not every tip will work in every situation, I hope that the stories and examples in the pages that follow will inspire you to make career choices that will make a difference Why corporate responsibility There are many reasons why increasing numbers of people are interested in the emerging field of corporate responsibility As the reach and resources of corporations have increased, so has their ability to drive meaningful improvements This broader reach, coupled with heightened awareness and scrutiny of corporate operations, has led to the emergence of corporate responsibility as a viable and meaningful career choice Specifically, I believe there are three reasons for the rise of corporate responsibility 1 Business is the dominant social institution of our time In a globalized economy, the revenue of multinational corporations dwarfs the gross domestic product GDP of some countries Many companies are now large enough to affect change on a global scale their physical impacts and policies transcend national borders and the decisions made in corporate boardrooms can help or harm millions of people Take Walmart, for example Love them or hate them, as of this writing, Walmart is now the worlds largest company with revenues exceeding US 400 billion and approximately 2 million employees or associates, as Walmart prefers to call them Mentioning Walmart in the same sentence as corporate responsibility will elicit strong reactions in some circles Many people associate the brand with everything that is wrong with corporate America from poor wages and benefits for their employees to shutting down small businesses by undercutting their prices However, over the last several years, Walmart has developed an impressive sustainability program In 2009, Walmart introduced its Supplier Sustainability Assessment Survey a diabolically simple set of 15 questions examining the actions of its suppliers in order to better protect the environment and uphold labor rights The survey is diabolical because to answer affirmatively, each question requires the supplier to have fairly sophisticated CR programs For example, question one asks Have you measured and taken steps to reduce your corporate greenhouse gas emissions Y N This Yes No question sounds straightforward, but to answer Yes requires an in depth carbon footprint4 study that many companies have yet to undertake With the scale of Walmarts purchasing power and the not so subtle commercial pressure to score well, this simple survey has already had wide ranging impacts for manufacturing companies around the world To up the ante, Walmart has publicly discussed its intention of turning the scores from this survey into a point of sale sustainability ratings label The scale of Walmarts turnaround is hard to overestimate Jeffrey Hollander, the co founder of the cleaning product eco brand Seventh Generation, was quoted as saying, Hell would freeze over before Seventh Generation would ever do business with Walmart But in a 2010 interview with FastCompany.com he said, They arent the same company they were when I said what I said Im the first one to admit that I was naive in thinking it was impossible for them to change As the Walmart example demonstrates, working for social and environmental improvement within a large company can be effective on a massive scale As we will explore in this book, it can also be monumentally frustrating Companies are profit making institutions beholden to return maximum profits to their shareholders In the past, this meant that companies cut corners to save money whenever it was legal and or expedient The good news is that today this kind of behavior is increasingly unacceptable Watchdog groups monitor company behavior closely and have become very adept at drawing attention to corporate misdeeds through name and shame or rank and spank tactics New laws such as SarbanesOxley5 and DoddFrank6 continue to push companies into greater levels of transparency and accountability This increased scrutiny and the growing awareness and expectations from customers, employees, and the general public have made it imperative for most companies to build a strong CR program 2 Opportunity Strange as it may seem, there is money in altruism As the world runs short of resources there is an increasing market for efficient products and services The economic winners of tomorrow will be the innovators who find ways to do with less to stretch our finite resources Continuing to prosper while using fewer resources is the definition and aspiration of sustainable development.7 While there is a strong argument that the excesses of industrialization have led to many of the social and environmental problems we now face, there is an equally strong point that business will also produce the solutions Business or, accurately, the profit motive represents an incentive system that rewards the iconoclasts and creative innovators who can see around corners, think differently, and are willing to take risks In todays world, these inherent business incentives are increasingly being applied to help people and the planet For example, rising fuel prices and the threat of global warming have shifted the auto industry away from making gas guzzlers, and toward innovating with higher mileage hybrids and electric vehicles General Electric no ones idea of a corporate treehugger has claimed billions in profit from its Ecomagination campaign designing, marketing, and selling technology based on resource efficiency Todays workforce increasingly looks at the world as a set of problems to solve rather than just a set of markets to exploit Some may see this as a distinction without a difference, but the difference is profound World population has doubled since 1960 and will double again in the next 50 years With the rise of the emerging economies in China, India, Brazil, and others, our well being and survival depend on the sustainable use of natural resources Whether you subscribe to Adam Smiths Invisible Hand economic theory i.e., price signals control everything ,8 or believe that government regulation is the only effective way to control the excesses and externalities of business, eventually it does not matter in a resource constrained world, sustainable innovation will always win Build a better mouse trap and the world will beat a path to your door is the widely quoted phrase attributed to Ralph Waldo Emerson as a metaphor for the success that springs from innovation Combine this axiom with the ancient proverb necessity is the mother of invention and you have the business case for sustainability The megatrends of increasing population, dwindling resources, and increasing pollution will spawn the major industrial powers of the future These new super companies will be global businesses led by bright young minds that will discover new ways for humanity to thrive without using up the planet on which we depend 3 Legacy The third major factor leading to the rise of corporate responsibility is the desire to leave a positive legacy Clayton Christensen, author of The Innovators Dilemma and a guru in the business world, summed up this drive brilliantly in an article titled How Will You Measure Your Life 9 The article drew attention, not because it was another of his phenomenal observations on business strategy, but because it was a very personal exploration of his lifes legacy Christensen makes the case that following the business law of maximizing marginal returns can lead to ruin He distinguishes his career from his Harvard Business School classmates who initially found riches but ended with a life in tatters Guided by his values, Christensen eschewed the traditional business doctrine, instead investing his considerable talents in research, teaching, and family The take home message of this paper is that there are far relevant and important ways to measure your life than in dollars Another great example of a value based business career is Gary Hirshberg, the former CEO of Stonyfield Farm an organic yogurt company in New Hampshire Rather than compromise his values, he founded a successful company based on sustainability and social equity In his speech to young MBA students at the 2010 Net Impact conference, he outlined how he struggled through the early years after starting his business He described how the experts derided his business model because organic foods were costly and harder to produce To ensure an adequate supply, he worked with farmers to teach them how to produce organic food and showed them that they could make money with less price volatility When the company gained enough of a foothold in an industry dominated by giant food conglomerates, he answered their multi million dollar advertising attacks with innovative packaging that contained quirky messages, yogurt container take back programs and guerilla advertising tactics i.e., people to people to draw attention to the brand He proudly reported that his struggling organic foods start up is now commanding industry leading margins and growth rates while continuing to pay dairy farmers higher prices At the end of his remarks, Hirshberg left his most enduring mark when he declared You should never compromise your values for work If a company makes you check your values at the door, find somewhere else to work This profound statement generated a spontaneous and sustained standing ovation from the packed house and, I would guess, spawned than a handful of new sustainable business start ups Hirshbergs enviable legacy shows us how to hold on to your social and environmental values, make your fortune in business, and redefine an entire industry Christensens example shows us how to live a values based life and define your legacy with accomplishments, not just dollars Both men are icons for the central theme of this book how to make your living AND make a difference My journey I started working at the United States Environmental Protection Agency EPA right out of graduate school at Duke Universitys environmental program The terms sustainability, corporate responsibility, and corporate social responsibility had not been invented yet My choice to work in environmental protection was a reflection of my personal values and was considered a bit eccentric at the time After self funding my education by taking on substantial debt and choosing a major with limited economic prospects, I faced significant pressure to find work When I graduated, the clock began ticking on my student loan payments that would come due in six months My rsum had been circulated to the EPAs offices in Durham, North Carolina, where its national program offices for air quality are located At the time, EPA was under pressure after some highly publicized scandals resulted in the resignation of the administrator Bill Ruckelshaus who had been EPAs first administrator had just come back to lead the Agency and, in Congressional testimony, committed to 20 new regulations of toxic air pollutants in just one year To put this commitment into perspective, in the 15 year history of the Clean Air Act at the time , only seven toxic air pollutants had ever been regulated Ruckelshaus essentially wanted to triple this number in one year My field of study at Duke environmental toxicology matched the skills EPA needed to fulfill this commitment After a few nail biting months, I was hired into an entry level role I would love to claim that my career choice after graduate school was based on my values, but had I been trained in anything else, economic necessity might have led me down a different path A few years later, the overhaul of the Clean Air Act became a campaign promise for presidential nominee George H.W Bush Early in his administration, EPA was asked to draft the presidents version of amendments to the Clean Air Act I was selected to be on the drafting team for the toxics section The next two years were spent shepherding the bill through the Congressional process, culminating with a signing ceremony in the East Room of the White House on November 15, 1990 I returned to standard EPA work writing rules for the next couple of years, and then took a fellowship to work on Capitol Hill The fellowship program loaned out EPA staff to Congress and I landed a job working for Senator Max Baucus, a Democrat from Montana, who had recently taken over as Chairman of the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee Over the next year I worked on drafting all sorts of environmental legislation including a bill promoting environmental technology that was Senator Baucuss signature policy it passed in the Senate 85 15 but never became law As my fellowship year drew to a close, Senator Baucus decided to keep me on his committee staff Only one year later, in the elections of 1994, Republicans swept in to majorities in the House and Senate Senator Baucus lost his committee chairmanship and had to reduce his staff by half After a few nervous weeks, Senator Baucus offered me a role to stay on at Capitol Hill as a member of his minority staff During this time, I had heard about a job with Intel Corporation and decided to check it out Intels values and objectives fitted me well They needed someone in Washington, DC to help them reduce the bureaucracy that might slow their unprecedented growth but, to a person, everyone I spoke to at the company cared deeply about the environment I decided to leave the Senate and became Intels first government affairs manager entirely focused on environmental policy After three years in the government affairs office, an opportunity opened up to run the environmental department for Intel globally Intels director of environment, health, and safety recruited me for the role I took the job, and in January of 1998, I transitioned from a policy focused career to a career focused on improving the global environmental performance of a major multinational corporation This is where my story how to be a treehugger in the corporate world begins While I had been working in the environmental field for than ten years, there were many lessons that I was to learn about working inside a big corporation which make up the pages of this book In addition to nearly 12 years at Intel Corporation, I have since worked at Apple, where I started and led the supplier responsibility program focused on Asian factories making iPods, iPhones, and Macintosh computers After a brief stint consulting to a number of companies on sustainability, I am currently working as the director of corporate responsibility at Advanced Micro Devices AMD These roles, each challenging in their own way, have provided me with insights into the tactical, day to day duties of a corporate responsibility manager Using this book This book covers the knowledge, skills, and abilities that you will need to land a job and be successful in the growing field of corporate responsibility Like all business books, the lessons here are situational, meaning that they will be useful in some situations but not in others Each chapter focuses on an important skill area or substantive topic that can be readily applied in the appropriate situation Every chapter begins with a summary of the main ideas covered, gives an introduction to the topic and then outlines the basic skills, practical tips, and a few anecdotes that are helpful for managing the issue The breadth of corporate responsibility makes it impractical to become an expert in each of the topic areas thus, the chapters deliberately deliver an overview as opposed to an in depth treatise In addition to the practical tips and stories on how to manage the various technical components of a corporate responsibility program, this book provides information on the softer skills you will need for success in corporate responsibility These skills include communications, reading the system, leading through influence, and others, which can be applied to a broad range of careers beyond the world of corporate responsibility The name game By now you may have noticed that the terms sustainability, corporate responsibility, and corporate social responsibility are used synonymously There is a great deal of confusion around the definition of these terms within this profession Many companies are now adopting the title corporate responsibility because it encompasses environmental, social, ethics, and governance aspects of the job I will default to the inclusive corporate responsibility for this book, but these terms are often used interchangeably The term treehugger in the title and throughout the book sometimes elicits the stereotype of an environmental zealot While this is a valid perspective, my hope is that most readers will not be turned off or feel that this is an overly limiting term While treehugger is often associated with an environmental focus, I use this term to encompass a wide range of altruistic viewpoints In the end, I hope to provide practical guidance to help you accomplish altruistic goals through a corporate career Lead from wherever you stand This book is full of advice on how to set up and run a successful corporate responsibility program If you find yourself in a job where you have limited authority to use these lessons because the role is constrained to a narrow scope, there are still ways to achieve your goals Never let your position supersede your passion or overshadow your abilities All great leaders started from lower level positions and discovered ways to leverage their capabilities to add value to their organization You can use the ideas in this book to contribute to the well being of people and protect our planet, regardless of your position in the organization and, in doing so, enhance your career and your legacy.This is the ultimate insiders guide, from someone who has been at the front lines of corporate change making at some of the worlds biggest companies Whether you are starting your career or seeking to infuse your current one with meaning and purpose, whether youre a business leader or simply hope to become one, this is the road map youll need to succeed Joel Makower, Chairman and Executive Editor, GreenBiz Group, and author of Strategies for the Green Economy At a time when and people are entering the workforce with the intention of making a contribution to people and the planet, Tim Mohin has written a timely and important book Changing Business from the Inside Out provides practical, hands on advice gleaned from nearly 30 years of experience As a Net Impact board member and an experienced business leader, Tim is able to seamlessly weave the critical needs of the business with the desires of todays young people into a valuable guide for a career with impact Liz C Maw, Executive Director, Net Impact Tim really delivers on the promise of the book, namely a practical guide to making a positive social or environmental impact while working inside a company He has expertly identified many of the key strategies for success in that kind of role as well as the potential missteps that can be taken The bonus is that Tim delivers all of this information in a thoroughly engaging manner that conveys his passion for the subject Bruce S Klafter, Managing Director and Head, Corporate Responsibility and Sustainability, Worldwide Operations, Applied Materials More than a roadmap for would be sustainability professionals, Mohin shows any business leader or anyone looking to influence companies that to make a lasting impact CSR efforts must align with a firms core values, tactics must be vetted by key internal and external stakeholders and benefits must ring true with customers Tims wit, candor and insight transform this from an operators manual into good read His reputation as a collaborative and seasoned leader jumps off the pages here Mark Newton, Vice President, Corporate Social Responsibility The Timberland Company Changing Business from the Inside Out is the essential how to handbook for anyone working in, or aspiring to work in, corporate responsibility Mohin shares insights, inspiration, and invaluable lessons learned from his 20 year career on the front lines of this evolving field Many sustainability books tell us why business should be sustainable happily, this one tells us how Katie Kross, author of Profession and Purpose A Resource Guide for MBA Careers in Sustainability Changing Your Business Address Who to Notify and How Internal Revenue Service You don t have change any existing documents if you are moving your business within state, like employer ID number EIN , but must complete Form Change of Part II Companies that Succeeded by Changing Their Model Sometimes changing model is the only way survive See how six companies changed their models become large they today from Inside Out A Treehugger s Guide Working in Corporations Timothy J Mohin on FREE shipping qualifying offers The BP oil spill, global financial collapse, revelations scandalous working conditions at Chinese electronics supplier Foxconn show why so many suspicious promises corporate responsibility From Berrett Koehler Publishers From In he written first practical, authoritative insider guide creating a career describes get started what day experience being designated driver cocktail party really How Innovation Is Inc How inevitable, innovative differentiator By Gordon Tredgold Founder CEO, Leadership Principles gordontredgold Entity Rocket Lawyer Whether as Sole Proprietorship, an LLC or another type entity, things change, sometimes it makes sense convert different Remember process for entity varies state Spring Web Accessibility Privacy Johns Hopkins Carey School All Rights Reserved Steps when company business Step Apply name applicable Read about Australian Company Numbers ACN ASIC website If re structure, such sole trader 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this pad ensures secure The Power Habit Why We Do What Life Charles Duhigg NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER This instant classic explores we our lives habits days pulling all nighters eating pizza am hopefully behind Business Everyone Else isn needs also federal, local taxing authorities filing B, Responsible Party Applying Number Registering Strategies Chron strategies typically involves analyzing current practices determining where adjustments Adapting risks, Business Aug owners other authorized individuals submit specific action vary depending recently assigned has yet determined, send requests IRS Stop Cincinnati, OH SOS Forms IN For Profit Domestic Foreign Non Principal Officer Registered Agent Articles Correction Reports Domestication The Personality Brokers: The Strange History of Myers-Briggs and the Birth of Personality Testing transformation stay ahead game digital age Magnus Fitchett Uber Airbnb landscape, boardrooms waking upNews LADOL Lagos Deep Offshore Logistics Base Egina FPSO, FPSO fabrication integration NIGERIA launched Sunday August Nicholas Terraz, managing director, Total Upstream Nigeria, Ahmadu Kida Musa, deputy deep water, Exploration Production Dr Amy Jadesimi, Base HUDOC European Court Human Rights HUDOC database access case law Grand Chamber, Chamber Committee judgments decisions, communicated cases, advisory opinions legal summaries Case Law Information Note Commission decisions reports Ministers Changing Business from the Inside Out: A Tree-Hugger's Guide to Working in Corporations eBook: Tim Mohin: Amazon.fr: Amazon Media EU S.à r.l.
- Changing Business from the Inside Out: A Tree-Hugger's Guide to Working in Corporations eBook: Tim Mohin: Amazon.fr: Amazon Media EU S.à r.l.
- Format Kindle
- 281 pages
- Tim Mohin
- 17 November 2016 Tim Mohin