ஔ Format Kindle Download [ ῴ The Yom Kippur War: The Epic Encounter That Transformed the Middle East ] ⚰ By Abraham Rabinovich ⚸

ஔ Format Kindle Download [ ῴ The Yom Kippur War: The Epic Encounter That Transformed the Middle East ] ⚰ By Abraham Rabinovich ⚸ ஔ Format Kindle Download [ ῴ The Yom Kippur War: The Epic Encounter That Transformed the Middle East ] ⚰ By Abraham Rabinovich ⚸ 1FOOTPRINTS IN THE SAND Capt Motti Ashkenazi was not a man to accept a perceived wrong without protest The outpost in Sinai that his unit of reservists was taking over two weeks before Yom Kippur 1973 was in an advanced state of neglect Barbed wire fencing had sunk almost entirely into the sand, trenches were collapsing, gun positions lacked sandbags, and the ammunition supply was short When the commander of the unit he was relieving asked him to sign the standard form acknowledging receipt of the outpost in good condition, Ashkenazi balked Without this formality, the unit being relieved could not depart When Ashkenazi refused an order from his own battalion commander to sign, the exasperated commander signed the form himself.The battalion was part of the Jerusalem Brigade, which had never before been assigned to a tour of duty on the Suez Canal Unlike the combat units that were normally assigned to the forts of the so called Bar Lev Line, the Jerusalem Brigade was a second line unit which included men well into their thirties Some were immigrants who had received only a truncated form of basic training A sprinkling of younger reservists with combat experience stiffened the ranks and officers too were generally veterans of combat units.The assignment of such a unit to the Bar Lev Line, once considered hazardous duty, reflected the relaxed situation on the Egyptian front It was six years since Israel had reached the canal in the Six Day War and three years since the intense skirmishing across the waterwaythe so called War of Attritionhad ended.The reservists grumbled as usual upon receiving their annual call up notices for a months duty, particularly since their tour was beginning on the eve of Rosh Hashana, the Jewish New Year, and would last through Yom Kippur and the subsequent Sukkot holiday However, by the time they boarded the buses that would take them to Sinai, many had reconciled themselves to a month of camaraderie, far from the routine of work and home The men brought books and board games, finjans for brewing coffee, even fishing rods Ashkenazi, a thirty two year old doctoral student in philosophy at Hebrew University in Jerusalem, took along his four month old German shepherd, Peng, because he had nowhere to leave him.Unlike the other Bar Lev forts, which were built along the canal bank, Ashkenazis outpost, code named Budapest, was ten miles east of the canal on a narrow sand spit between the Mediterranean and a shallow lagoon The outposts purpose was to guard against an Egyptian thrust along the sand spit toward the coastal road leading to Israel Budapest was the largest of the Bar Lev Line fortifications, incorporating an artillery battery and a naval signals unit which maintained contact with vessels patrolling off the coast.Toward evening on the day of his arrival, Ashkenazi, a deputy company commander, climbed the forts observation tower and looked west along the sand spit This northwest corner of Sinai was the only part of the Sinai Peninsula Israel had not gotten around to capturing in the 1967 war Ashkenazi could make out a string of Egyptian outposts stretching toward Port Fuad, which, together with Port Said, straddled the northern entrance to the Suez Canal The outpost closest to him was only a mile away Since the canal did not separate them, the only thing that could inhibit an Egyptian raid was a minefield that Budapests previous commander had pointed out to him during their tour that morning.As Ashkenazi watched, a pack of wild dogs emerged from the Egyptian lines and trotted down the sands in his direction They appeared to be heading toward Budapests garbage dump at the western edge of the position As they approached the minefield, Ashkenazi braced for explosions But the dogs passed through unharmed Tides washing over the sands had apparently dislodged or neutralized the mines Ashkenazi decided to contact battalion headquarters in the morning to request additional fencing and sandbags Maj Meir Weisel, an affable kibbutznik, was the most senior company commander in the battalion which moved into the Bar Lev Line In previous tours of reserve duty, his unit had clashed with Palestinian guerrillas along the Jordan River and taken casualties This time, a Jerusalem Brigade officer had told him when he reported for duty a few days before, Im sending you to the canal and you can rest His company took over four forts in the canals central sector He positioned himself in Fort Purkan, opposite the city of Ismailiya on the Egyptian held bank The officer whom he replaced pointed out a villa across the canal that he said had belonged to the parents of Israeli foreign minister Abba Ebans wife, Suzie, who was from a prominent Egyptian Jewish family It was not clear who lived there now but someone watered the plants every day As long as you see the gardener working there, said the officer, everything is okay.The limited forces Israel deployed on both the Syrian and Egyptian fronts opposite vastly larger enemy armies reflected a self assurance stemming from the countrys stunning victory in the Six Day War Israel believed it had attained a military superiority that no Arab nation or combination of nations could challenge The euphoria that followed that lightning victory in 1967 over the Egyptian, Syrian, and Jordanian armies gave Israel a sense of manifest destiny similar to that which impelled the United States westward in the nineteenth century The Six Day War had been launched from within Israels narrow borders that Eban had termed Auschwitz borders, an allusion to their vulnerability The postSix Day War cease fire lines for the first time provided Israel strategic depth.Israel had twice as many tanks and warplanes in 1973 as it had in the Six Day War Its largest armor formations were no longer brigades with a hundred tanks but divisions with three hundred Veteran armor officers permitted themselves to fantasize commanding a division deploying into battletwo brigades forward, one to the rear, as they swept into the attack.The armies of Egypt and Syria had grown than Israels in absolute numbers but the overall ratio in the Arab favor remained 3 to 1 Given the proven fighting ability of the Israel Defense Forces IDF , this ratio was considered acceptable in Israel The General Staff, in fact, was preparing to reduce the thirty six months of service required of its conscript soldiers by three months Convinced that it could hold its own against an Arab world thirty times its size, Israel was waiting for the Arabs to formally recognize the Jewish state and agree to new borders.The Arab world, however, refused to accept the humiliation of 1967 In the War of Attrition launched by Egypt in March 1969, hundreds of Israeli soldiers died in massive artillery bombardments Deep penetration raids by Israeli warplanes and commandos forced Cairo to accept a cease fire in August 1970 Since then, the Suez front had remained quiet On the Syrian front, there were periodic exchanges of firebattle days, Israel termed thembut no serious challenge to Israels occupation of the Golan Heights.The seeming docility of the Arabs encouraged a sense of invulnerability In August 1973, Defense Minister Moshe Dayan, in a speech to army officers, said that Israels strength was a reflection not only of its increasing military potential but of inherent Arab weakness It is a weakness that derives from factors that I dont believe will change quickly the low level of their soldiers in education, technology, and integrity and inter Arab divisiveness which is papered over from time to time but superficially and for short spans.A Mossad official, Reuven Merhav, who had been posted abroad immediately after the Six Day War, returned home five years later to find the country transformed Israel was not just self assured, he found, but self satisfied, awash in a good life that seemed as if it would go on forever Government and military officials traveled now in large cars and wrote off business lunches to expenses, a new practice Arabs from the West Bank and Gaza Strip provided the working hands the fast growing nation needed but were politically invisible The sense of physical expanse was startling to someone accustomed to the claustrophobia of preSix Day War Israel The border was no longer fifteen minutes from Tel Aviv or on the edge of Jerusalem but out of sight and almost out of mindon the Jordan River, the Suez Canal, the Golan People went down to Sinai now not to wage war but to holiday on its superb beaches.The army had grown not just physically but in its prominence in national life There was now a layer of brigadier generals, a newly created rank required by the armys expansion The Mossad officer sensed arrogance in high places Some generals ordered their offices redone to reflect their new status, some gave parties with army entertainment troupes singing in the background All of this was foreign to the spartan ways Merhav had known as distinguishing features of Israeli public life only five years before An attitude of disdain for Arab military capability had etched itself insidiously into the national psyche The official was as yet unaware of the extent to which this disdain had led to distortions in the professional mind set of the armed forces Sitting in a downtown Jerusalem caf a few months before the war, Motti Ashkenazi told a friend that war was inevitable unless Israel accepted Egypts demand that it pull back from the canal in order to permit the waterway to be reopened Now, in command of Budapest, he took his own warning seriously After two days of badgering battalion headquarters, he was informed that his request for sandbags and barbed wire concertinas was being met The supply vehicle that arrived carried only a fraction of what he had asked for Nevertheless, he was able to fortify the area around the forts gate and the vulnerable approach from the beach.A week before Yom Kippur, Ashkenazi was in a half track making a routine morning patrol eastward along the sand spit toward his rear base when he saw fresh footprints in the sand on both sides of the road Whoever made them seemed to have circled the area, as if examining the lay of the land The road between Budapest and rear headquarters was closed off every night because it was vulnerable to commando landings from the sea If anyone came down the road by day, Budapest was supposed to be informed beforehand, but there had been no such notification The footprints, thought Ashkenazi, could have been left by Egyptian scouts landing from the sea, on one side of the road, or coming on foot through the lagoon, on the other side He radioed headquarters and a vehicle with two Bedouin trackers arrived They examined the footprints and concluded that they had been made by standard Israeli army boots.If I were an Egyptian scout, I would use that kind of boot, said Ashkenazi.The trackers laughed Do you think theyre that clever Why not asked Ashkenazi.Twice in the coming days he would find footprints along the route.Never before has the Israeli experience in the Yom Kippur War been so sensitively and intricately documented A seamless, riveting narrative that is both compelling and intelligent The Washington Post Book World The best general history of the Yom Kippur War The writing is clear, compelling, and precise and offers a good understanding of both the military operations and the political developments At both levels it was a fascinating warOutstanding Ha aretz Rabinovich s extra efforts to get inside the minds of Arab generals are especially welcome sheds light on a conflict that altered the psychology and diplomacy of the Middle East down to the present day The New York Times Book Review Superbly written The Yom Kippur War is easily the best and most complete general history of the conflict Parameters Truly striking Rabinovich s book is brilliant, sweeping and insightful Naval History As no one before, Abraham Rabinovich recounts the whole story of the 1973 Yom Kippur War, that most elusive round of the Arab Israeli conflict Middle East Quarterly Superb I have found few works of military history so difficult to put down Jerusalem Report Rabinovich displays his keen comprehension of military tactics and strategies with detailed, fast paced accounts His eye for political and diplomatic maneuverings is equally sharp History Book Club Impossible to put down Gershom Gorenberg, author of Days of Awe Its revelations are astonishing Its prose is gripping Its conclusions, richly documented and austerely objective, are intensely relevant to the Middle Eastern crisis of our own day Professor Howard M Sachar, author of A History of Israel Abraham Rabinovich has written an exceptionally exciting book Professor Edward N Luttwak Yom Kippur War Wikipedia The Yom War, Ramadan or October Hebrew , Mil emet HaKipurim, Kipur Arabic arb Ukt bar, Ti r n also known as the Arab Israeli was a war fought from to by coalition of states led History Overview Jewish Virtual Library is one most important holidays year Many Jews who do not observe any other custom will refrain work, fast and attend synagogue services on this day occurs th Tishri name means Day Atonement Hebcal Holidays Major Also Atonement, holiest for JewsIts central themes are atonement repentance traditionally holy with hour period fasting intensive prayer, often spending in Torah What tenth month Tishrei It On day, G d seals our fate coming year, therefore, entire spent praying forgiveness good HISTORY Aug considered holiday faith Falling September Judaism Britannica solemn festivals, when sins confessed expiated man God reconciled last Days Judgment Celebrated it marked fasting, penitence, ReformJudaism refers annual observance prayer Part High Holidays, which includes Rosh HaShanah, calendar Summary, Causes, Combatants, Facts called Fourth damaging inconclusive fourth warsThe initiated Egypt Syria during Ramadan, Islam, continued until war, eventually drew both completa il periodo di penitenza dieci giorni iniziato con capodanno haShanaSebbene le preghiere quali si chiede perdono siano consigliate durante l intero anno, diventano particolarmente sentite questo giorno The Table Contents In Israel United States, typically referred Muslim world, Epic Encounter That Transformed Middle East Abraham Rabinovich FREE shipping qualifying offers An updated edition that sheds new light dramatic reversals military fortune modern history easing censorship after four decades has enabled offer fresh insights into Simple English Wikipedia, free between group countries SyriaThe took place began festival happened RamadanThe attack surprise conquered Sinai Guerra de la enciclopedia libre Fecha octubre das Lugar Ambas orillas del Canal Suez, Altos Goln, y regiones circundantes Casus belli Ataque sorpresa Egipto Siria contra el da festivo Resultado Victoria militar Res CSNU alto fuego que condujo Conferencia Ginebra Beneficios polticos para Cold Peter Baxter years since end now generation old over ago, long before shots Second World had echoed across wastelands Eastern Europe brutal Greek Civil battle lines no longer drawn Kippur, calendar, begins eight days Hashanah time practice self denial through Fasting Why People Don t Eat, Drink Sep religion, majority Synagogue, repenting tradition, stems certain versesNotes Rabbinical Tunnel Temple Mount Jerusalem Post, THE archeological tunnel week delineated explosive fault line Arabs purpose its excavation begun some then defined alone Kindle Download once read your device, PC, phones tablets Use features like bookmarks, note taking highlighting while reading Leadership Institute President former Ambassador US Professor Emeritus at Tel Aviv University Amb Itamar Rabinovich, president Institute, s ambassador States chief negotiator mid well Russian jokes an archetypal Russian JewHe crafty, cynical, sometimes bitter type, skeptical about Soviet government, too smart his own He portrayed otkaznik refusenik someone refused permission emigrate fills out Les Luthiers Daniel Rabinovich Su nombre completo era Aratuz alias Neneco aunque su verdadero apellido paterno Halevy bisabuelo, lleg Argentina desde Besarabia hoy Moldavia haba hecho servicio porque rabino, por lo cual compr documento un muerto poder salir pas Judaism History, Beliefs, Judaism, monotheistic religion developed among ancient HebrewsJudaism characterized belief transcendent revealed himself Abraham, Moses, prophets religious life accordance Scriptures rabbinic traditions complex phenomenon total way people, comprising theology, law, innumerable All askART R Artists Art prices, artist art askART, directory millions worldwide artists paintings Auction records results, artwork valuations, signatures, images biographies PsicoMundo El portal los psicoanalistas Ver ms Revistas Vidas Obras Seminarios Internet Mas medio centenar seminarios postgrado internet, sobre temticas psicoanlisis, psicoterapias, psicologa, clnica, etc Mount Jerusalem Peace Iran Neighbors open letter William Mohlenhoff regarding Solutions appears obvious key peace co existence Mount, without coercion another R zboiul Iom Tabloul general al evenimentelor Pretextul zboiului Acest zboi fost parte conflictului arabo israelian, lungul c ruia au avut loc mai multe zboaie, ncepnd cu anul timpul ase zile, israelienii cucerit ntregul Sinai, pn Canalul malurile canalului devenind apoi linia ncetare focului Browse By Author S Project Gutenberg ebooks online Did you know can help us produce proof just page Go Distributed Proofreaders Too Shows Now listen past shows right website Just click below Wojna Jom wolna encyklopedia Mosze Dajan Dawid Elazar Ariel Szaron Szemu Gonen Benny Peled Jisra Tal Rechawam Ze ewi Aharon Jariw Jicchak Hofi Refa Etan Awraham Adan Abraham Washington Free Beacon Old City prize dream but charged reach Although Defense Forces drawers filled contingency plans virtually every journalist born raised New York A graduate Brooklyn College Army veteran, he worked reporter newspapers including Newsday arrived eve Six Top About book galvanizing account conflicts, covered fighting transports midst War Apple Books Jan fiercest conflicts Truly striking brilliant, sweeping insightful Naval As before, recounts whole story elusive round conflict Quarterly Superb I have found few works so difficult put down Rabinovitch Isaac Australian property developer respected pioneer Sydney Modern Orthodox community particular founder philanthropist full educational institutions Reversal How IDF turned excerpt newly book, how plea Assad Sadat opened crossing Suez little confrontation Post author Boats Cherbourg Hey, PRI reader How became naval startup nation famous Cherbourg, effort beginning emergence start up major weapons innovator Home Facebook likes written best kind focused detailed text under scholar magnifying glass, cinematic landscapes David Lean epicThe itself episode Israel marks anniversary Retired pictured June soldiers hours captured Jordan IBSS Biblical Archaeology Evidence Exodus One discoveries relate Merneptah stele dates BC Merneptah, king Egypt, boasts The Yom Kippur War: The Epic Encounter That Transformed the Middle East


    • The Yom Kippur War: The Epic Encounter That Transformed the Middle East
    • 4.4
    • 686
    • Format Kindle
    • 656 pages
    • 0805211241
    • Abraham Rabinovich
    • Anglais
    • 08 September 2017

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